Hiv Knowledge & Risk Factors P P2

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Hiv Knowledge & Risk Factors P P2

  1. 1. Knowledge about HIV & Risk Factors Group-1 Team Leader :Shakib Ally Presenter:Shakib Ally Nusrat Sharmin 27 th November 2005 1
  2. 2. Outline of the Presentation <ul><li>Definition of Aids </li></ul><ul><li>Transmission of HIV </li></ul><ul><li>Myths & wrong concepts about HIV </li></ul><ul><li>Risk factors for Bangladesh. </li></ul><ul><li>Statistics. </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>2 </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is HIV??? <ul><li>HIV- HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Virus . </li></ul><ul><li>AIDS- AIDS stands for Acquired Immune </li></ul><ul><li>Deficiency Syndrome . </li></ul><ul><li>Human life survival 2weeks-5 to10years or more. </li></ul><ul><li>Its first discovered in California 1981. </li></ul><ul><li>Spreads quickly-HIV 1 in our country. </li></ul><ul><li>Spreads slowly-HIV 2 </li></ul><ul><li>There is no cure for HIV. Most ultimately die as a </li></ul><ul><li>result of them </li></ul><ul><li>3 </li></ul>.
  4. 4. How it is transmitted ? <ul><li>Having unprotected sex (sex without a latex condom) with a person who is HIV-positive. The virus can be in an infected person's blood, semen, or vaginal fluids and can enter human body through tiny cuts or sores in skin, or in the lining of vagina, penis, rectum or mouth. </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing needles and syringes to inject drugs, or sharing drug equipment used in preparing those drugs with someone who has HIV. </li></ul><ul><li>Receiving HIV-infected blood or blood products before 1985. Since 1985, all blood used for transfusions in the United States has been tested for HIV and is generally considered safe. </li></ul><ul><li>Carrying, giving birth to or breast-feeding a child while HIV positive. 4 </li></ul>
  5. 5. Myths about HIV <ul><li>From dry kisses (closed-mouthed kisses) or hugs </li></ul><ul><li>From donating blood </li></ul><ul><li>By working with or being around someone who </li></ul><ul><li>has HIV </li></ul><ul><li>From sweat, spit, tears, clothes, drinking </li></ul><ul><li>fountains, phones, toilet seats, or having a meal </li></ul><ul><li>together </li></ul><ul><li>From insect bites or stings </li></ul><ul><li>5 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Gobal Status of the Epidemic 6
  7. 7. South and South East Asia <ul><li>Number of people living with HIV/AIDS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total - 4.6 – 8.2 million </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Number of young people (15-24 years of age) living with HIV/AIDS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2.1 million </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Approx 54% of population is <25 years </li></ul><ul><li>7 </li></ul>
  8. 8. Why Bangladesh at risk ? <ul><li>Low Levels of Consistent Condom </li></ul><ul><li>Use </li></ul><ul><li>High Rates of Active Syphilis </li></ul><ul><li>Needle-sharing among Injecting </li></ul><ul><li>Drug Users (IDUs) </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Knowledge among </li></ul><ul><li>General Population </li></ul><ul><li>Large Commercial Sex Industry </li></ul>
  9. 9. Low prevalence  low risk Example: Bangladesh FSW (9% married) IDU (40% married) 69% 33% Visit FSW 34% Visit FSW Rickshawpullers MSM (46% married) (76% married) Visit FSW 9% are IDU 2% are IDU 1% are IDU Source: Bangladesh BSS 8
  10. 10. People getting infected in South Asia In one Day 500 People In one Year 170,000 People 9

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