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Eso 4 reported speech


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theory and exercises about reported speech

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Eso 4 reported speech

  1. 1. English DepartmentEnglish Department Reported (or indirect) speechReported (or indirect) speech CPI Tino GrandíoCPI Tino Grandío GENERAL RULES • Tenses change from present to past (if we are talking about what somebody said in the past): o “I am 15.”  He said he was 15. o “We have a problem.”  They said they had a problem. o “I can swim.”  She said that she could swim. o “She comes by bus.”  He said that she came by bus. o “Your sister doesn’t like pizza.”  She said that my sister didn’t like pizza. o “You are looking through the window.”  He said that I was looking through the window. o “They will probably fail.”  She said that they would probably fail. o “My mother saw a mouse.”  She said that her mother had seen a mouse. • Personal pronouns change (if somebody is telling what somebody else has said before): o “I am 15.”  He said he was 15. o “My mother saw a mouse.”  She said that her mother had seen a mouse. o “We saw you at the cinema.”  They said that they had seen me at the cinema. • Place and time complements have to be adapted to the new context: o “He came here.”  They said that he had gone there. o “It’s raining today”  Jake said that it was raining then / yesterday. o “I saw you last week.”  She said that she had seen me the week before. Statements • Tell and say are common reporting verbs. (Tell is used before an indirect object.): o She said that she liked pizza. o My mother told me that Peter had gone with her. o Everyone said that the lesson was very difficult. o He told his friends that he was seriously ill. • Other verbs can be used: know, promise, insist, warn... • That can be omitted after say: o She said that she liked pizza.  She said she liked pizza. o They knew that he liked her.  They knew she liked her. Questions • Typical reporting verbs are: ask, wonder, want to know. o He wanted to know the opening times of the museum. o She wondered how old my mother was. • If the question is answered with yes or no, if should be introduced before the indirect question: o My sister asked if you wanted to come with us. o I wondered if she was watching the programme on TV. • If the question asks for information, include the question word before the indirect question: o She asked me what time it was. o They wanted to know where we had parked the car. • Subject always comes before the verb: o She asked me how old I was. Imperatives • We use ask / tell + object + (not) + to + infinitive to say what people want(ed) us to do: o “Please, open the window.”  She asked us to open the window. o “Tidy your room.”  My father told me to tidy my room. o “Don’t smoke here.”  My aunt asked me not to smoke in her car. NOW  THEN, AT THE TIME TODAY  THAT DAY, ON TUESDAY... YESTERDAY  THE DAY BEFORE, THE PREVIOUS DAY TOMORROW  THE FOLLOWING DAY, ON SUNDAY... THIS WEEK  THAT WEEK LAST WEEK  THE WEEK BEFORE, THE PREVIOUS WEEK AN HOUR AGO  AN HOUR EARLIER / BEFORE AM / ARE / IS  WAS / WERE HAVE / HAS  HAD WILL  WOULD CAN  COULD MAY  MIGHT MUST HAD TO DO / DOES  DID SIMPLE PRESENT  SIMPLE PAST PRES. CONTINUOUS  PAST CONTINUOUS SIMPLE PAST  PAST PERFECT
  2. 2. 1. Choose the right reporting verb, said or told: a. Abby ___________ me she really liked Lewis. b. We ___________ we’d buy a new computer. c. Ana ____________ her mum that she was feeling nervous about the exam. d. I ____________ you I saw them talking in the street. e. Paco __________ that he was going home. f. They ___________ they’d lend us some money. 2. Complete the following statements in reported speech. a. ‘We’ll walk,’ we said.  The bus was late so we said we’d walk. b. ‘I feel ill,’ said Ben.  We were about to start the exam, when Ben… c. ‘It’s going to rain,’ said Mum.  We wanted to play football in the park, but Mum... d. Sue said, ‘I can’t come.’  We all wanted to go to the cinema but Sue… e. ‘I’ll help you,’ Adrian said.  I couldn’t move the furniture myself, so Adrian… f. ‘The computer isn’t working,’ Ann and Rob said.  Ann and Rob couldn’t do their work because they… g. ‘I’ll apologise later,’ said Lewis.  We told Lewis that Fatima was upset with him, so he… h. Peter said: “We have gone to the party.”  3. Cecilia is thinking about what many people said to her yesterday. Look at the picture and complete the sentences: a. Mrs Whitaker said that I ... b. My teacher... c. My brother... d. e. f. g. h. 4. Now write some sentences telling about what people have told or asked you lately: a. b. c. d. e. f. c My brother asked: “Can you help me tomorrow?” d My mother said: “Clean your bedroom now.” g My father said: “Don’t watch that film.” h Pete asked: “Do you have a boyfriend?” a Mrs. Whitaker said, “You can’t be Helen’s daughter.” e My brother said: “You are using my new computer.” b My teacher said : “You are a very good student.” f Lisa said : “I’ll invite you to my birthday party next week.”