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Phd Successful Approach


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Presentation held at Dundee University on 19 January 2011 for postgraduate students for the purpose of providing guidelines and advice on how to complete their PhD research degrees, successfully.

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Phd Successful Approach

  1. 1. Dr. Najib Altawell The Centre for Energy, Petroleum and Mineral Law and Policy (CEPMLP) Dundee University January 2011 PhD - Successful Approach -
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>The Supervisor </li></ul><ul><li>Year 1 – Literature Review and Methodology Outline </li></ul><ul><li>Year 2 – Methodology Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Research Work </li></ul><ul><li>*Year 3 – Additional Data and Final Results </li></ul><ul><li>*Year 4 – Thesis Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Viva (Presentation - Sample) </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations </li></ul><ul><li>* Number of Years (Research degree ‘PhD’) can be 3 or 4 </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Reason I am doing my PhD… because…..! To Be Trained As An independent Researcher Why Research? Original work! You Are Spending Four Years (or maybe more) of your life! PhD?
  4. 4. <ul><li>Your Supervisor Approach </li></ul><ul><li>Three Types </li></ul><ul><li>1 out of 4 PhD Students </li></ul><ul><li>-Have Problems Supervisors- </li></ul>The Supervisor
  5. 5. Literature Review and Methodology Outline Example: Five - Seven Months Several Outlines For The ‘New Methodology’ Year One
  6. 6. SMART S pecific M easurable A greed R ealistic T ime Bound Aims and Objectives
  7. 7. Example : Aim/Aims Aim To apply a system approach to biomass materials for the purpose of finding the most economical and efficient types capable of producing sufficient energy on commercial scale
  8. 8. Example: 1. To focus on locally produced biomass materials 2. To design and implement a new methodology for biomass energy, with reference to other renewable sources of energy 3. To convert the new methodology into a friendly user software 4. To maximise the energy output from various types of biomass materials 5. Identify engineering solutions that can make the biomass adaptable to present and future electricity generating devices 6. Minimum processing requirements for biomass 7. Formulate technology needed for longer storage life 8. Less unwanted by-products from co-combustion Objectives
  9. 9. The Pyramid Example: Step Three Business Business Step Two ‘ Scientific & Technical’ Step One ‘ Regulations & Environmental Issues’
  10. 10. Initial Approach: Example
  11. 11. Methodology Structure Research (Laboratory) Work & Compiling REA* Methodology Software Sponsor: e.g. E-ON REA = Renewable Energy Analyser Year Two Example:
  12. 12. Year Three <ul><li>Additional Data (Survey Method) </li></ul><ul><li>& </li></ul><ul><li>Final Results </li></ul><ul><li>Data from the survey method </li></ul><ul><li>Data from laboratory tests </li></ul><ul><li>Data from the commercial environment </li></ul>Example:
  13. 13. Presentation Part of The Continuous Training Process One presentation/year (sponsor e.g. 2 – 3 months) Results: Third Year Presentation & Conference Presentation
  14. 14. Thesis Writing Instructions From Your Supervisors Example: 6 – 12 Months Year Four
  15. 15. <ul><li>Who Will Be Present During Your Viva? </li></ul><ul><li>External Examiner </li></ul><ul><li>Internal Examiner </li></ul>Viva
  16. 16. <ul><li>What was the research about? </li></ul><ul><li>Why there was a need for this kind of research? </li></ul><ul><li>How it has been done? </li></ul><ul><li>What has been found? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the implications of these? </li></ul>Questions
  17. 17. <ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>‘ In Sweden today, power production with bio-energy systems is more costly than with fossil energy system’ </li></ul><ul><li>(Gustavsson L., et al. 1998) </li></ul><ul><li>1. COST </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>‘… ..What about the selection of the biomass materials?’ </li></ul><ul><li>2. Selection </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Risks </li></ul><ul><li>Someone else has already published your work! </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of data, computer damaged/stolen (back-up) </li></ul><ul><li>The actual research is different than the original proposal lack of motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Supervisor leaves </li></ul><ul><li>Sickness </li></ul><ul><li>Personal problems </li></ul><ul><li>Laboratory Hazards </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty in accessing resources and equipment </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Your Project </li></ul><ul><li>Gantt Chart </li></ul><ul><li>Dates (starting and finishing for each task) </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships between tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Regular feedback from your supervisor </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Monthly Report </li></ul><ul><li>Results of the past month and how do you value them! </li></ul><ul><li>Any Deviation from the original plan? </li></ul><ul><li>Next month tasks and how to achieve them! </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Conferences </li></ul><ul><li>At least one conference per year </li></ul><ul><li>Get Involved/Connect With ‘The Experts’ </li></ul><ul><li>Oral or Poster Presentation </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>DATADATADATADATADATADATADATADATA </li></ul><ul><li>Collecting Data on every step </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis of Data </li></ul><ul><li>Writing (It is part of your thesis materials) </li></ul><ul><li>Publishing </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Thesis Writing and Time Management </li></ul><ul><li>’ Thesis Writing’ Calendar </li></ul><ul><li>Supervisor </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter One </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter Two </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter Three </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter Four </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter Five </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter Six </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter Seven </li></ul><ul><li>Abstract/Introduction/Summary </li></ul><ul><li>Thesis Submission </li></ul><ul><li>Viva </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Thesis cover sheet </li></ul><ul><li>Contents </li></ul><ul><li>Figures and/or Tables </li></ul><ul><li>Abstract </li></ul><ul><li>Acknowledgements </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Literature Review </li></ul><ul><li>Materials and Methods </li></ul><ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion & suggestions for further work </li></ul><ul><li>References </li></ul><ul><li>Appendices </li></ul><ul><li>Thesis regulations: e.g. Max. and Min. number of words, etc. </li></ul>Standard Thesis: The Overall Make-Up Copyright waiver Declaration Publications Conferences Attended
  26. 26. Final Steps Final editing - including issues related to layout/binding/printing Clarification for some sections of thesis, if needed! Whatever spare-time left use it to look for a job!
  27. 27. Four Years is not enough? You Need more time? Time and planning is your Responsibility Also The responsibility of your Supervisor & Institute Extension Extension Extension Extension Extension Extension Extension Extension
  28. 28. <ul><li>Your voice </li></ul><ul><li>(It is not just what you say; it is how </li></ul><ul><li>You say it!) </li></ul><ul><li>Speak Clearly and Do not Rush </li></ul><ul><li>Do not deviate from your subject </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Presentation’ is not ‘Conversation’ </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid monotone, i.e. By changing the speed and the pitch of your voice and pause at key points you will create an atmosphere of interest </li></ul><ul><li>Body Language and Facial expressions </li></ul><ul><li>Look at the audience during your talk (with eye contact, rapport can be created with the audience) </li></ul><ul><li>Express alertness and interest in the subject </li></ul>Final Presentation: Viva
  29. 29. <ul><li>Congratulations! </li></ul><ul><li>You have completed ‘successfully’ your PhD </li></ul><ul><li>What next? </li></ul>
  30. 30. Post-Doc Industry Academia Or Something completely different?
  31. 31. Thank you for listening. Questions?