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History Of Training


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Learn more about the history of training and development, from the 1800s to the present day.

Published in: Education

History Of Training

  1. 1. The History of Training and Development
  2. 2. 1800 Antiquity through pre-1800s Apprenticeship and on-the-job training
  3. 3. 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1812 1812 Kriegsspiel (wargame) developed to train Prussian and German armies.
  4. 4. 1872 Hoe and Company establishes the first documented factory school to train machinists, and the need for quicker training driven by the industrial revolution meant many companies soon followed suit with their own factory schools. 1872 1850 1860 1870 1830 1840 1820 1812 1880 1890 VIEW AS A LIST
  5. 5. 1880 1890 1892 1900 1872 1910 1892 John H. Patterson, founder of the National Cash Register Company, creates the first widespread sales training by giving his sales team the NCR Primer. Vestibule training was also introduced during the late 1800s, which combines the strengths of classroom and on-the-job methods in smaller classrooms.
  6. 6. 1910 1917 1911 1911 Frederick Taylor published a book on his method of productivity, called scientific management. He studied the motion and time use of employees to develop ways of doing work that reduced non-productive time.
  7. 7. 1917 1920 1930 1940 Charles R. Allen creates the “Show, Tell, Do and Check” method of training in response to an increased need for shipyard workers. This efficiently walked workers through complex processes in a way that escalated responsibility with capability and allowed for feedback. 1917 Furthermore, the First World War time period created a serious need for more defense workers and manufacturing. Training played a critical part in filling that need as many experienced workers were enlisting.
  8. 8. 1942 1941 1920 1930 1940 1941 Following the United States’ entry into World War II, a government commission developed job instruction training (JIT), a systematic on-the-job training method that put learners at ease, explained the job, had learners explain and demonstrate each step, then regularly followed up with inspections and evaluations. JIT also contributed to the creation of job aids.
  9. 9. 1942 1950 1941 1940 1942 The American Society of Training Directors was founded. The organization later changed its name to the American Society for Training and Development, and currently goes by the Association for Talent Development. VIEW AS A LIST
  10. 10. Following the World Wars, companies wanted a way to train people efficiently and reduce expense while still getting high instructional value. Individualized instruction became prominent, which replaced teachers with materials that broke the learning into small steps with an activity afterward to check comprehension. This and reinforcement behavior research opened the door for different methods of practicing new skills. 1950s 1 2 3 1942 1954 1950
  11. 11. 1954 1950 1956 1954 Donald Kirkpatrick first outlines the Four Levels of Learning Evaluation, giving learning and development professionals one of the first ways to evaluate training programs.
  12. 12. 1954 1956 i 1956 Benjamin Bloom led a committee in the publication of the Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, which helped trainers better match the information to instructional methods.
  13. 13. 1960 1956 Instructional System Design was born from a desire to bring the various pieces of the instructional process into an effective system. As computers progressed in the 1960s, virtual reality begins to develop, although it wouldn’t see widespread interest for many decades. 1950s & 1960s
  14. 14. 1960 1961 1960 First computer-assisted instruction launches at the University of Illinois with the PLATO system. Albert Bandura begins writing about observational learning, laying the foundation for modern social learning. VIEW AS A LIST
  15. 15. 1961 1960 1962 1961 McDonald’s founds Hamburger University, the first corporate university.
  16. 16. 1962 1961 1970 The concept of instructional design was first articulated by Robert Glaser. Training Magazine begins publication. 1962
  17. 17. 1970 1962 1983 1970 Malcolm Knowles originates the term informal learning.
  18. 18. 1983 1970 1984 1983 Howard Gardner introduces the theory of multiple intelligences.
  19. 19. 1984 1983 1989 1984 ADDIE evolves and becomes more flexible and less linear. VIEW AS A LIST
  20. 20. 1989 1984 AT&T launches the first electronic performance support system, an updated version of job aids that came with the benefit that assets could be immediately updated for all people. 1989
  21. 21. 1980s 1990sComputer-based training uses the methods of individualized instruction to provide instruction to employees on computers. 1989 1990
  22. 22. Mid to late 1990 Blended learning grows as people realize elearning and computer-based training are not silver bullets. The term elearning debuts, but grows in popularity when Jay Cross begins using it in 2004. Elearning is the latest iteration of computer-based training, and is typically accessed online. Elearning often encompasses other, more niche delivery methods or training techniques. 1990 2000
  23. 23. 1990 2002 2000 Mobile learning enters the training lexicon at the beginning of the new century, but mobile learning doesn’t really start gaining traction until the explosion of personal smartphones in the mid to late 2000s. In addition, chunking gets rebranded as microlearning. Early 2000s
  24. 24. 2002 Nick Pelling coins the term gamification, although people have been using gaming elements in many applications for two centuries. 2002 2000 2008 VIEW AS A LIST
  25. 25. 2008 2008 MOOCs start seeing use in distance education and the training industry isn’t far behind. 2002 2010
  26. 26. 2010 2008 The success of personal social networking sites catches the attention of training departments, and the concept of social learning takes on new dimensions. Mid to Late 2000s
  28. 28. &dq=hoe+and+company+factory+school&source=bl&ots=EygN15zNlF &sig=-9LBZ3Ltg70f_t1YMmyK3rwzOmU&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj tmIn-8JPLAhUX3GMKHVGLCWIQ6AEIIzAB#v=onepage&q=hoe%20a nd%20company%20factory%20school&f=false d_development/hamburger_university.html prise-learning-framework/ ning-part-1/ SOURCES