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Alpha university
assignment group
 Osman Ahmed Mohamed ID--1012
 Ayuub Ahmed Bulale ID--1002
 Abokor Jama Abdi ID— 1007
Course name Advanced writing skill
Lecture planning
Assignment name planning
submission
Lecturer: Abdisalan Mohamed
Submission date 22/may/2023
Definition of Planning
 Planning is the process of setting goals and choosing the means to
achieve those goals.
 It is the process of determining how the organization can get where if
wants go.
 It could be defined as the process through which managers determine
goals and devise the means for utilizing resources to accomplish them.
Types of Plan
Plans can be classified on different bases or dimensions. The
following are the most important ones:
 Scope
 Repetitiveness
 Time dimension
Conti….
Scope planning
Is the way or method creates and manages a project needed to be fixed.
It means the process of ensuring that the project is delivered on time.
Repetitiveness planning
This type postulates how many times we used this plan no matter whether
its implemented or not, because plans are designed short or long termly
ways.
Time dimension planning
This type of planning tells the time periods that are used this model or the
sides and why used it.
Classification of plans based on Scope or breadth
 Strategies planning
 Tactical planning, and
 Operational planning
Strategies Planning
 Strategies planning is the process through which manages
determine the organizations basic mission and the set of
means for archiving this mission.
 Strategic planning is the process of analyzing, and deciding
on: the organization’s mission, objective, major course of
action(strategies), and major resource allocation. Strategic
planning is prepared by top level.
Tactical Planning
 Tactical planning is the processes through which managers
design group activities to accomplish a strategy. It is a
means of translating strategies in to short-term tactics.
 Tactical plans: Facilitate objectives, because they are
prepared as a performance targets.
 Translate the strategic plans into measurable tactical
objectives.
 Prepared by middle level managers who are responsible in
directing departments.
Operational Planning
Operational planning is the process through which managers design specific
activities and steps to accomplish objectives. It is most specific and detailed. It
is made at the operational level and concerned with the day-to-day, week-to-
week activities of the organization.
First-level-managers are responsible for accomplishing(preparing) the
operational planning. Operational planning is narrow in scope and short lived,
usually a few months. Examples are production schedules, sales plan, lesson
plans.
Nature of Planning
 Planning is primary function of management
 Planning focuses on objectives
 Planning is a function of all managers
 Planning as a continuous process
 Planning is dynamic (flexible
Classification of plans based on
Repetitiveness
 Single use plans
 Standing plans
Single use Plans
Single use plans are developed to deal with “one short”
situation for a given purpose or a given period of time and
then discarded.
The most common forms of single use plans found in
organization are: budget, project and program.
Budget
 A budget is statement of expected results expressed in
numerical terms. Budget is usually defined as financial
plans for allocating resources to complete organizational
activity.
Project
Projects are single use plans that are either smaller in scale
than programs or part of a program. Though project is usually
considered merely as a part of a general program, project in
its self can be planned to fulfill distinct objectives.
Program
A program is plan that outlines a variety of interdependent
activities that must be coordinated to achieve an objective. A
program contains all the activities necessary for achieving the
objective, they clarity who is responsible for each activity, and
they identity the order and timing for each activity.
Standing Plans
 Standing plans are those plans that can be cased again
and again. They are long-range plans they are used over
and over again (frequently) to help guide the actions of the
organization.
 They enable top management to provide a clear guideline
for middle and lower level management. Standing plans
include: mission, goal or objective, policy, procedures,
method, rule.
In planning process managers
 Establish goals
 Anticipate future development
 Identify actions need to be done
 Determine the time frame
Importance/Significance of Planning
 Planning provides Direction
 Planning Reduces the risk of uncertainties
 Planning reduces over lapping and wasteful activities
 Planning Promotes innovative ideas
 Planning Facilitates Decision Making
 Focuses attention on objectives of the company
Characteristics of a good plan
 Objectivity.
 Future development
 Flexibility
 Stability
 Comprehensiveness
 Clarity and simplify

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"DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY ...
 

planning.pptx

  • 1. Alpha university assignment group  Osman Ahmed Mohamed ID--1012  Ayuub Ahmed Bulale ID--1002  Abokor Jama Abdi ID— 1007 Course name Advanced writing skill Lecture planning Assignment name planning submission Lecturer: Abdisalan Mohamed Submission date 22/may/2023
  • 2. Definition of Planning  Planning is the process of setting goals and choosing the means to achieve those goals.  It is the process of determining how the organization can get where if wants go.  It could be defined as the process through which managers determine goals and devise the means for utilizing resources to accomplish them.
  • 3. Types of Plan Plans can be classified on different bases or dimensions. The following are the most important ones:  Scope  Repetitiveness  Time dimension
  • 4. Conti…. Scope planning Is the way or method creates and manages a project needed to be fixed. It means the process of ensuring that the project is delivered on time. Repetitiveness planning This type postulates how many times we used this plan no matter whether its implemented or not, because plans are designed short or long termly ways. Time dimension planning This type of planning tells the time periods that are used this model or the sides and why used it.
  • 5. Classification of plans based on Scope or breadth  Strategies planning  Tactical planning, and  Operational planning
  • 6. Strategies Planning  Strategies planning is the process through which manages determine the organizations basic mission and the set of means for archiving this mission.  Strategic planning is the process of analyzing, and deciding on: the organization’s mission, objective, major course of action(strategies), and major resource allocation. Strategic planning is prepared by top level.
  • 7. Tactical Planning  Tactical planning is the processes through which managers design group activities to accomplish a strategy. It is a means of translating strategies in to short-term tactics.  Tactical plans: Facilitate objectives, because they are prepared as a performance targets.  Translate the strategic plans into measurable tactical objectives.  Prepared by middle level managers who are responsible in directing departments.
  • 8. Operational Planning Operational planning is the process through which managers design specific activities and steps to accomplish objectives. It is most specific and detailed. It is made at the operational level and concerned with the day-to-day, week-to- week activities of the organization. First-level-managers are responsible for accomplishing(preparing) the operational planning. Operational planning is narrow in scope and short lived, usually a few months. Examples are production schedules, sales plan, lesson plans.
  • 9. Nature of Planning  Planning is primary function of management  Planning focuses on objectives  Planning is a function of all managers  Planning as a continuous process  Planning is dynamic (flexible
  • 10. Classification of plans based on Repetitiveness  Single use plans  Standing plans
  • 11. Single use Plans Single use plans are developed to deal with “one short” situation for a given purpose or a given period of time and then discarded. The most common forms of single use plans found in organization are: budget, project and program.
  • 12. Budget  A budget is statement of expected results expressed in numerical terms. Budget is usually defined as financial plans for allocating resources to complete organizational activity.
  • 13. Project Projects are single use plans that are either smaller in scale than programs or part of a program. Though project is usually considered merely as a part of a general program, project in its self can be planned to fulfill distinct objectives.
  • 14. Program A program is plan that outlines a variety of interdependent activities that must be coordinated to achieve an objective. A program contains all the activities necessary for achieving the objective, they clarity who is responsible for each activity, and they identity the order and timing for each activity.
  • 15. Standing Plans  Standing plans are those plans that can be cased again and again. They are long-range plans they are used over and over again (frequently) to help guide the actions of the organization.  They enable top management to provide a clear guideline for middle and lower level management. Standing plans include: mission, goal or objective, policy, procedures, method, rule.
  • 16. In planning process managers  Establish goals  Anticipate future development  Identify actions need to be done  Determine the time frame
  • 17. Importance/Significance of Planning  Planning provides Direction  Planning Reduces the risk of uncertainties  Planning reduces over lapping and wasteful activities  Planning Promotes innovative ideas  Planning Facilitates Decision Making  Focuses attention on objectives of the company
  • 18. Characteristics of a good plan  Objectivity.  Future development  Flexibility  Stability  Comprehensiveness  Clarity and simplify