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    Messages 4 student's book Messages 4 student's book Document Transcript

    • © Cambridge University Press www.cambridge.org Cambridge University Press 978-0-521-61439-9 - Messages Student’s Book 4 Diana Goodey, Noel Goodey and Meredith Levy Frontmatter More information
    • Module3ChangesModule2Newhorizons REVISION 2 Map of the book ● Describing the present and the past ● Verbs + prepositions in Wh- questions ● Present continuous ● Expressions: contradictions ● Relative clauses with who, that, which ● Present simple ● Pronoun one/ones ● Expressions: asking for clarification ● Past continuous and past simple ● used to ● Expressions: expressing surprise ● must/mustn’t, have to/don’t have to ● Comparative adjectives ● Passive (present simple and past simple) ● Expressions: making travel arrangements Unit 1 Getting together Unit 2 Friends and neighbours Review Review Unit 4 Journeys Unit 3 All in the mind Unit 5 In the news Unit 6 Attachments Review Grammar check Study skills: Homophones How’s it going?: Progress check Coursework: Reviews ● Verbs + prepositions ● Postcards ● Words with some and every ● Pronunciation: stress and intonation ● Listen to biographies of famous people ● Read holiday postcards ● Skim and scan a text ● Life and culture: Welcome to Liverpool! ● Talk about a picture ● Write about famous people in the past ● Make a conversation at a café ● Write a postcard ● Flats and houses ● Friendship ● Nouns and adjectives describing personal qualities ● Pronunciation: /ə/ ● Listen to a guessing game ● Read a questionnaire about friendship ● Understand new words ● Life and culture: Poem ● Talk about where you live ● Tell the class about yourself and your neighbourhood ● Play a guessing game ● Write about yourself and friendships in your life Grammar and Expressions Vocabulary and Pronunciation Listening and Reading skills Communicative tasks Module1Peopleandplaces ● Fears and fantasies ● Dreams ● Link words ● Pronunciation: /j/ ● Listen to three conversations about coincidences ● Read a magazine article about dreams ● Identify the topic of a text ● Life and culture: Haunted Britain ● Talk and write about coincidences in the past ● Describe yourself when you were younger and compare with a friend ● Describe things that you imagine or worry about ● Write a description of a dream ● On the road ● Travelling ● Prepositions of movement ● Pronunciation: stress in sentences ● Listen to a song ● Read an account of a journey around the world ● Scan a text for information ● Life and culture: Journey into slavery ● Write and act a conversation at a travel agent’s ● Describe where things are/were made or produced ● Write a journal about a journey ● Present perfect + just, yet, already ● been and gone ● Present perfect and past simple ● its: possessive adjective ● so ... that ... ; such a/an ... that ... ● Expressions: offers and suggestions ● Topics in the news ● Yellowstone Park ● Pronunciation: /s/ + consonant ● Write an email to a friend or relative with your news ● Discuss what you have and haven’t done ● Write a radio report ● Write about recent events for a school newsletter ● Present perfect with for and since ● Present perfect with superlative adjective + ever ● Superlative adjectives ● give + direct and indirect object ● Expressions: time expressions ● Personal possessions ● Living abroad ● still, any more ● Pronunciation: / / /ɔ / ● Give details about your background ● Talk about your favourite possessions ● Describe important things and events ● Write an account of personal experiences ● Listen to an interview with a surfing champion ● Read an interview with a boy who has lived all over the world ● Skim a text for the general idea ● Life and culture: New Zealand ● Listen to news headlines on the radio ● Read a magazine article about a volcano ● Understand the main idea of a text ● Life and culture: Non-stop news Grammar check Study skills: Guessing what words mean How’s it going?: Progress check Coursework: Conversation with Grace Lawson Grammar check Study skills: Spelling How’s it going?: Progress check Coursework: Who’s who at Greenside? © Cambridge University Press www.cambridge.org Cambridge University Press 978-0-521-61439-9 - Messages Student’s Book 4 Diana Goodey, Noel Goodey and Meredith Levy Frontmatter More information
    • 3 Module6Justimagine!Module5LivingtogetherModule4Talkingpoints ● Special occasions ● Invitations and replies ● Verbs with look ● Pronunciation: final /s/ and /z/ ● Describe special occasions ● Talk about superstitions ● Write about and discuss plans for a celebration ● Write and reply to an invitation Grammar and Expressions Vocabulary and Pronunciation Listening and Reading skills Communicative tasks Unit 7 Celebrations Unit 8 Secrets and lies ● Verbs and nouns that go together ● ‘Sales talk’ ● because, so ● Pronunciation: /ai/ /ei/ ● Listen to a discussion on the radio ● Read an article about a ‘con man’ ● Predict the topic of a text ● Life and culture: The code talkers ● Talk about events in the future and when they might happen ● Talk about what’s right and wrong ● Write an imaginary ‘sales talk’ Unit 11 Challenges ● Past perfect ● must, can’t, might, could for speculation ● Expressions: Neither do I. So am I. ● Adjectives describing feelings ● In the mountains ● Adverbs ● Pronunciation: stress in sentences, weak forms ● Describe a situation in the past and how you felt ● Imagine what different situations are like ● Write a short story Unit 12 Happy endings ● Reported speech ● say and tell ● whose ● Expressions: everyday expressions ● Words connected with money ● Sending messages ● Phrasal verbs ● Pronunciation: vowel sounds ● Report what people say ● Make a conversation at a party ● Write and reply to a message ● Food ● The fast food industry ● Adjectives ending in -ed/-ing ● Pronunciation: silent vowels ● Listen to a TV quiz programme ● Read a review of a book ● Recognise facts and opinions ● Life and culture: Make Poverty History ● Talk about things you’d like to change ● Prepare and ask questions for a quiz ● Write a review for a school magazine ● Verb/preposition + -ing form ● -ing form and to + verb ● want/ask/tell someone to do something ● Expressions: requests and responses ● People in groups ● A wildlife commentary ● too and enough ● Pronunciation: /ŋ/ /n/ ● Listen to phone calls making requests ● Read a commentary for a TV wildlife programme ● Use pronouns and possessive adjectives ● Life and culture: Romeo and Juliet ● Describe people’s likes and dislikes ● Interview a friend for a TV show ● Write and act a telephone conversation asking someone to do something ● Write a description of teenagers in your country Review Grammar check Study skills: Preparing for tests and exams How’s it going?: Progress check Coursework: Letters Unit 9 Groups Unit 10 Food for thought Review Grammar check Study skills: Preparing and giving a talk How’s it going?: Progress check Coursework: The ads page ● Listen to a story about a terrible night ● Read a story about an extraordinary experience ● Guess meaning from context ● Life and culture: Gandhi Review Grammar check Study skills: Learning English on your own How’s it going?: Progress check Coursework: Sports news ● Listen to a song ● Read three jumbled stories ● Follow the sequence of a story ● Life and culture: Keeping in touch ● Listen to a song ● Read invitations and replies ● Scan a text for information ● Life and culture: The number 13 ● First conditional with if and unless ● The future with will and going to ● Expressions: I hope so/not. I guess so/not. ● might and may ● when in future sentences ● should/shouldn’t ● Second conditional ● Expressions: responding to opinions Map of the book ● Grammar index ● Communicative functions index ● Wordlist ● Phonetic symbols ● Verb forms and irregular verbs ● Songs ● Expressions of quantity ● Question words ● Subject and object questions ● Expressions: expressing preferences © Cambridge University Press www.cambridge.org Cambridge University Press 978-0-521-61439-9 - Messages Student’s Book 4 Diana Goodey, Noel Goodey and Meredith Levy Frontmatter More information
    • 4 Grammar ● Describing the present and the past ● Verbs + prepositions in Wh- questions ● Present continuous ● Relative clauses with who, that, which ● Present simple ● Pronoun one/ones Vocabulary ● Verbs + prepositions ● Flats and houses Expressions ● Contradictions: Yes, he is! No, he hasn’t! ● Asking for clarification People and places In Module 1 Steps 1 and 2 you study so that you can ● Write a postcard ● Express your opinions about friendships In Step 3 you ... read ● Three postcards ● A questionnaire about friendship study ● Words beginning with some and every ● Nouns and adjectives describing personal qualities ● Skimming and scanning a text ● Understanding new words so that you can ● Talk about a picture ● Write about famous people in the past ● Contradict someone ● Make a conversation about going out with friends ● Talk about where you live ● Describe people and things ● Ask for more information ● Play a guessing game Life and culture Welcome to Liverpool! Poem Find out more about the people who work at Greenside C Perhaps you’re reading this article in the canteen, while you’re eating your lunch. This month we’d like to introduce you to the person who does all the cooking. His name’s Del Stanley. Del trained to be a chef in London and he came to Greenside College two years ago. He says ‘I like using fresh, local food if I can. It isn’t always easy to find things that everyone likes – teenagers are very unadventurous when they choose their meals!’ A lot of p most imp mends th at the end are clean to-five job work in th some free got a blac Coursework 1 Part 1 Who’s who at Greenside? You write about people who work at your school. © Cambridge University Press www.cambridge.org Cambridge University Press 978-0-521-61439-9 - Messages Student’s Book 4 Diana Goodey, Noel Goodey and Meredith Levy Excerpt More information
    • 5 d What’s it about? What can you say about the pictures? Now match the pictures with sentences 1–4. 1 The sun’s going down and everything looks beautiful. 2 He works in a shop that sells newspapers and food. 3 He’s wearing a hat and coat. 4 We live in a flat on the first floor. a b c Coursework Our school magazine In Book 4 you study ● a magazine written by students at Greenside Community College so that you can ● make an English magazine for people at your school Your Coursework has got six parts: Part 1 Who's who at Greenside? You write about people who work at your school. Part 2 In conversation with Grace Lawson You talk to an old person in your neighbourhood and write a short interview. Part 3 Reviews You write a review of a book, film or TV programme. Part 4 Letters to the editor You write a letter for a magazine letters page. Part 5 The ads page You make adverts to put in your school magazine. Part 6 Sports news You write a report about a sporting event. © Cambridge University Press www.cambridge.org Cambridge University Press 978-0-521-61439-9 - Messages Student’s Book 4 Diana Goodey, Noel Goodey and Meredith Levy Excerpt More information
    • Revision Module 1 1 In Step 1 you revise ● describing the present and the past so that you can ● talk about a picture ● write about famous people in the past STEP1 6 1Share your ideas Describe the painting. What are the people doing? What do you think of the painting? The woman is laughing. Fact File Humphrey Bogart, actor, 1899–1 Born in: 2 Worked for: 3 Most famous films: 4 2Reading Idols of the 20th century a Look at the painting and read the description. Find at least: 1 three verbs in the present. 2 three verbs in the past. The name of the painting is Nighthawks: Boulevard of Broken Dreams. It’s by an Austrian painter called Gottfried Helnwein. It shows a scene in a diner in the USA during the 1950s. Outside, the street is dark and empty. Inside, three people are sitting at the counter, a woman and two men. A waiter is standing behind the counter. The man in the middle of the picture is wearing a blue suit and tie. He doesn’t look very happy. The woman on the right is laughing and talking to the man next to her, but he isn’t listening. The four people in the picture are all famous American stars from the 20th century. The man in the blue suit is the actor Humphrey Bogart. Bogart was born in New York. At first, he acted in the theatre, but for many years he wasn’t successful. Then he started working for the Warner film studio and, at the age of 40, he finally became a star. He made more than thirty films. Two of his most famous films were The African Queen and Casablanca. Bogart died in his sleep at his home in Hollywood in 1957. b Listen to the first paragraph and follow in your book. Then find these things. 1 a nationality 2 a country 3 two jobs 4 two things that people wear c Listen to the second paragraph and follow in your book. Then copy and complete the fact file. I like it, but I think it’s a sad painting. © Cambridge University Press www.cambridge.org Cambridge University Press 978-0-521-61439-9 - Messages Student’s Book 4 Diana Goodey, Noel Goodey and Meredith Levy Excerpt More information
    • Revision 7Unit 1 Fact File Marilyn Monroe, actress, 1926–1 Born in: Los Angeles 2 name: Norma Jean Baker Worked for: 3 Century Fox Most famous film: Some Like It 4 4Listening Biographies Read the two fact files. Then listen to the biographies of Marilyn Monroe and Elvis Presley. Write the missing information in your notebook. Choose either Elvis Presley or Marilyn Monroe. Describe what he/she is doing in the picture. Then use the notes in your fact file and describe his/her real life. 3Revision Describing the present and the past Look at the painting and complete the description of James Dean. On the left, there 1 (be) a tall, good-looking young man. He 2 (wear) a dark coat and a scarf. He looks sad and lonely. He 3 (not talk) to anyone. He 4 (be) the famous American actor James Dean. James Dean 5 (be) born in Indiana in 1931. At first, he 6 (act ) on television and, four years later, he 7 (become) a film star. But Dean only 8 (make) three films. He 9 (die) in a car accident in September 1955. Try this! How many words for clothes do you know? scarf, ... Fact File Elvis Presley, singer, 195 –1977 Born in: Tupelo, Mississippi Played the 6 from the age of 7 Worked for: RCA 8 Most famous hits: 9 Be Cruel, Jailhouse Rock, 10 Suede Shoes 5Writing Elvis or Marilyn Use what you know © Cambridge University Press www.cambridge.org Cambridge University Press 978-0-521-61439-9 - Messages Student’s Book 4 Diana Goodey, Noel Goodey and Meredith Levy Excerpt More information
    • 8 Module 1 In Step 2 you study ● verbs + prepositions in Wh- questions ● present continuous ● contradictions: Yes, he is! No, he hasn’t! so that you can ● contradict someone ● make a conversation about going out with friends STEP2 1 I’m often late in the morning because I have to look my things. 2 I like looking my friends’ photos. 3 I don’t often think the future. 4 I don’t come this country. I was born abroad. 5 When I’m with my friends, we often talk films and music. 6 I don’t like waiting people when they’re late. 7 In class, I usually talk my English teacher in English. 8 My father and I argue football. Listen and check. b What about you? Which of the sentences in 1a are true for you? Work with a friend and tell him/her at least three things about yourself. for 2Presentation Who are we waiting for? a What can you say about the photos? b Close your book and listen to the conversation. What are Danny and his friends doing this evening? Danny and Nadia live in Liverpool. They’re in a café and they’re waiting for their friends. DANNY: What’s the time, Nadia? NADIA: It’s nearly half past seven. DANNY: So who are we waiting for? NADIA: Clare and Luke. Luke’s always late. DANNY: No, he isn’t! NADIA: Yes, he is! I’ll phone him. ... Luke, where are you? We’re waiting for you. DANNY: Here’s Clare! Hi, Clare. CLARE: Hi! Sorry I’m late. Who’s Nadia talking to? DANNY: Luke. He’s late too. And he’s got the tickets. CLARE: No, he hasn’t! I’ve got them. They’re in my bag. NADIA: Hi, Clare. We must go. It’s half past seven. DANNY: What about Luke? NADIA: He’s meeting us outside the cinema in ten minutes. DANNY: OK. NADIA: What are you looking for, Clare? CLARE: The tickets. I can’t find them. DANNY: You’re joking! CLARE: Hang on! No, we’re OK. They’re here, in my pocket. I don’t come from this country. I was born in ... 1Key vocabulary Verbs + prepositions a S Complete the sentences with the prepositions in the box. You’ve got three minutes! about at for from to © Cambridge University Press www.cambridge.org Cambridge University Press 978-0-521-61439-9 - Messages Student’s Book 4 Diana Goodey, Noel Goodey and Meredith Levy Excerpt More information