Subject Verb Agreement 2

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Subject Verb Agreement 2

  1. 1. Subject-Verb Agreement<br />Can’t they all just get along?<br />
  2. 2. Subject-Verb Agreement<br />Agreement – Subjects and Verbs must agree in person and number:<br />Singular Verbs take Singular Subjects<br />Plural Verbs take Plural Subjects<br />Simple, right?<br />
  3. 3. Subject-Verb Agreement<br />SV Agreement – Present Tense:<br />PERSON SING. PLURAL<br />1st I sweep. We sweep.<br />2nd You sweep. You sweep.<br />3rd He sweepS. They sweep.<br />Notice how the verb changes its form in third person singular.<br />
  4. 4. Subject-Verb Agreement<br />5A,B. Agreement In Number <br />The Hendersons is/are at the movie theater. <br />The boxes has/have arrived from Spain.<br />The actor is/are reciting his lines.<br />
  5. 5. Subject-Verb Agreement<br />5C. With Phrases and Clauses<br />Sometimes a phrase will come between the subject and verb, but don’t let this confuse you! You still only need the subject and verb agree.<br />1. The students (at school) has/have many different jobs.<br />2. Members (of the club) make/makes sandwiches at a shelter.<br />
  6. 6. Examples Rule 5 A,B,C<br /> Three students in my biology class volunteer/volunteers at the museum. <br />The plays that Shakespeare wrote is/are numerous.<br />
  7. 7. Subject-Verb Agreement<br />5D. Indefinite Pronouns-Pronouns that don’t refer to anything specific.<br />SINGULAR INDEFINITE PRONOUNS:<br />anyone anybody anything<br />everyone everybody everything<br />someone somebody something<br />no one nobody nothing<br />oneeach either neither<br />
  8. 8. Subject-Verb Agreement<br />You must be very careful with these pronouns. They are not often used correctly in speech, so they don’t usually sound right. Don’t rely on sound – use your rules.<br />Everyone in Mrs. Williams’ English class works hard.<br />Each of my friends calls me on the weekends.<br />
  9. 9. Subject-Verb Agreement<br />5E. Plural Indefinite Pronouns<br />both few many several<br />Both of Kim’s uncles make custom-designed furniture.<br />Several of us are joining the team.<br />
  10. 10. Subject-Verb Agreement<br />5F. Some indefinite pronouns can be either Singular or Plural depending on the situation.<br />all any more most none some <br />All of your work is excellent.<br />All of the farmers are planting.<br />
  11. 11. Examples Rule 5 D,E,F<br />Both of the cats is/are sleeping.<br />Some of the cake is/are frozen.<br />None of our other national parks has/have as many geysers as Yellowstone.<br />Each of my friends has/have a favorite dessert.<br />
  12. 12. Subject-Verb Agreement<br />5G. Compound Subjects<br />If two or more singular subjects are joined by and, they take a plural verb.<br />Judith and Hamnet were twins of Shakespeare.<br />Romeo and Juliet meet at a masquerade.<br />
  13. 13. Subject-Verb Agreement<br />5G. Compound Subjects<br />If a compound subject only names one thing, it takes a singular verb.<br />Chutes and Ladders is a board game.<br />Yogurt and granola is Melanie’s favorite snack.<br />
  14. 14. Subject-Verb Agreement<br />5H. Compound Subjects<br />If two or more singular subjects are joined by or ornor, they take a singular verb.<br />Neither Mary nor Jonas is going to the play.<br />If two or more plural subjects are joined by or or nor, they take a plural verb.<br />Either the Johnsons or the Kosciksare attending the play.<br />
  15. 15. Subject-Verb Agreement<br />5I. Compound Subjects<br />If a singular subject and a plural subject are joined by orornor, the verb agrees with the subject closer to it.<br />Either the play or the poems are written in this book.<br />Either the poems or the play is written in this book.<br />
  16. 16. Examples Rule 5G,H,I<br />First, find the conjunction. Then determine agreement.<br />The Globe Theater and William Shakespeare has/have endured time.<br />His closest friend and advisor is/are Richard Burbage.<br />Either this play or this poem is/are written in Latin.<br />Is/are Romeo or Juliet responsible for the death?<br />Neither his mother nor his siblings was/were educated.<br />
  17. 17. Subject-Verb Agreement<br />5J Contractions – remember don’t and doesn’t are really do and does. Use them accordingly.<br />The child at the park don’t/doesn’t know what to do.<br />Some of the children don’t/doesn’t have to attend the play.<br />
  18. 18. Subject-Verb Agreement<br />5K Collective Nouns – name a group of people or things.<br />Audience, class, club, herd, team, family<br />Use a singular verb when the noun is one single unit.<br />Use a plural verb if the noun refers to multiple members (usually doing different things).<br />
  19. 19. Subject-Verb Agreement<br />5K Collective Nouns – name a group of people or things.<br />Ned’s family is/are planning a summer reunion.<br />Ned’s family live/lives in forty different states.<br />
  20. 20. Examples Rule 5J,K<br />The shoes in the closet don’t/doesn’t fit me very well.<br />The team of baseball players is/are winning the game. <br />The flock of seagulls is/are flying off in all different directions. <br />
  21. 21. Subject-Verb Agreement<br />5L Predicate Nominatives – a verb agrees with the subject, not the predicate nominative.<br />Karen’s favorite dessert is strawberries.<br />The subject of his report is solutions to combat crime.<br />
  22. 22. Subject-Verb Agreement<br />5M Inverted Order – a verb must agree with its subject even when the sentence is out of order.<br />In a wooden box in the closet is/are all of our old photographs.<br />Here is/are some books I really liked.<br />
  23. 23. Examples Rules 5L,M<br />Where is/are all of the books I’ve lent you?<br />The marching bands is/are the main attraction.<br />The attraction is/are the marching bands.<br />
  24. 24. Subject-Verb Agreement<br />5N Amounts – if the amount is single, use a single verb; if the amount is plural – plural verb.<br />Two dollars is the value of that old coin.<br />These two dollars are badly torn.<br />Three months is a long time.<br />These three months are passing very slowly.<br />
  25. 25. Subject-Verb Agreement<br />5O Singular/Plural Exceptions – some nouns are ‘pairs’ of things, or exceptions to all rules.<br />Measles is/are a serious disease.<br />Your eyeglasses is/are on the bookshelf next to the dictionary.<br />These statistics come/comes from the CDC.<br />Statistics is/are a required course for psychology majors.<br />
  26. 26. Examples Rules 5N,O<br />Mumps cause/causes fever and painful swelling.<br /> Mathematics is/are my favorite subject.<br /> Four hundred thousand dollars was/were destroyed at the bank.<br />
  27. 27. Subject-Verb Agreement<br />5P Titles – the title of a work of art is always singular.<br />Van Gogh’s First Steps is a copy of a drawing.<br />“The Daisies” is a song that I enjoy.<br />
  28. 28. Examples Rules 5P<br /> The Dogs and the Cats, by Joe Schmoe, is/are my favorite book.<br /> The United Nations was/were founded in 1945.<br />
  29. 29. Subject-Verb Agreement<br />5Q Subjects preceded by every or many a take singular verbs.<br />Every homeowner has joined the club.<br />Many a litterbug has spent time in jail.<br />
  30. 30. Subject-Verb Agreement<br />5R When a clause is within a sentence, the verb in the clause must agrees with its antecedent.<br />The Garcias, who live next door, are going with us to the lake.<br />This is the store that has the discount sale.<br />

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