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Basic Subject Verb Agreement, By Dr. Shadia


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Understanding and Using English Grammar.

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Basic Subject Verb Agreement, By Dr. Shadia

  1. 1. BASIC SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT By: Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar
  2. 2. THE BASIC PRINCIPLE The basic principle behind subject-verb agreement is that a singular subject needs a singular verb whereas a plural subject needs a plural verb. <ul><li>Singular sub. + Singular v. </li></ul><ul><li>Pl. sub + Pl. v. </li></ul>Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar
  3. 3. VERB SUBJECT = Person Number Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar
  4. 4. Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar Verb + -s/-es = 3 rd person singular in the simple present tense. noun + -s/-es = plural SINGULAR VERB PLURAL VERB My friend live s in Boston. My friend s live in Boston.
  5. 5. <ul><li>My brother and sister live in Boston. </li></ul><ul><li>My brother, sister, and cousin live in Boston. </li></ul><ul><li>Two or more subjects connected by and require a plural verb. </li></ul>Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar
  6. 6. <ul><li>Every man, woman, and child needs love . </li></ul><ul><li>Each book and magazine is listed in the card catalog. </li></ul>EXCEPTION: EVERY AND EACH Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar <ul><li>Every and each are always followed by singular nouns . </li></ul><ul><li>When there are two or more nouns connected with and the verb is singular </li></ul>
  7. 7. Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar Interrupting structures do not affect basic subject-verb agreement SINGULAR VERB PLURAL VERB <ul><li>That book on political parties is interesting. </li></ul><ul><li>The book I bought at the bookstore was expensive </li></ul><ul><li>The ideas in That book are interesting. </li></ul><ul><li>The books I bought at the bookstore were expensive </li></ul>
  8. 8. Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar Gerund Subject A singular Verb is required. <ul><li>Growing flowers is her hobby. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar