Participles Power Point 8

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Participles Power Point 8

  1. 1. PARTICIPLES & PARTICIPIAL PHRASES <ul><li>A verb form that is used as an ADJECTIVE. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PAST or PRESENT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>End in –ing, -d, -ed, –en, -t </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. PARTICIPLES & PARTICIPIAL PHRASES <ul><li>Participles can be found at the beginning, middle, or end of a sentences, but they MUST BE relatively close to the noun or pronoun they modify. </li></ul><ul><li>Participles are ONE WORD. </li></ul><ul><li>Participial phrases consist of that ONE WORD plus modifiers (all the words that refer to that participle). </li></ul>
  3. 3. PARTICIPLES & PARTICIPIAL PHRASES <ul><li>STEPS to finding the </li></ul><ul><li>participle or participial phrase </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Find the subject. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Find the real verb . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Look for other words that look like verbs (word endings are the clue). </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The pouring rain drove us inside for the party. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Pouring” is the participle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It describes rain. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid getting the participle confused with the REAL verb – in this case “drove.” </li></ul></ul></ul>EXAMPLE #1
  5. 5. EXAMPLE #2 <ul><li>Known for her patience , Mrs. Williams was his favorite teacher. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ known ” is the participle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ for her patience ” is the modifier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This phrase describes Mrs. Williams. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Subject and REAL verb : Mrs. Williams was </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. EXAMPLE #3 <ul><li>The marine biologist, diving near a reef , saw a shark. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ diving ” is the participle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ near a reef ” is the modifier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This phrase describes the biologist. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject and real verb: biologist saw </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. PARTICIPLES & PARTICIPIAL PHRASES <ul><li>Twirling their canes , the dancers tapped across the stage. </li></ul>
  8. 8. PARTICIPLES & PARTICIPIAL PHRASES <ul><li>She heard me sighing loudly . </li></ul><ul><li>Participial phrases may have modifiers such as adverbs. </li></ul>
  9. 9. PARTICIPLES & PARTICIPIAL PHRASES <ul><li>A peeled and sliced cucumber can be added to a garden salad. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>The bike had a broken spoke. </li></ul><ul><li>Her smiling face made everyone happy. </li></ul><ul><li>The frightened child was crying loudly. </li></ul><ul><li>The people were frightened by the growling dog. </li></ul><ul><li>The squeaking wheel needs some grease. </li></ul>PRACTICE…
  11. 11. <ul><li>The man running slowly still finished the race. </li></ul><ul><li>The boy having been scolded finally did his work. </li></ul><ul><li>The teacher, having retired, could now travel widely. </li></ul><ul><li>The soldier, having saluted his superior, continued on his way. </li></ul><ul><li>The truck swerving and sliding hit the brick wall. </li></ul>PRACTICE…

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