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Rwanda Genecide Overview


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Rwanda Genecide Overview

  1. 1. Rwanda A Story of Genocide
  2. 2. Background <ul><li>Small African nation </li></ul><ul><li>Two ethnic groups lived in Rwanda: Hutus and Tutsis </li></ul><ul><li>Generally lived peacefully until the Europeans came </li></ul>
  3. 3. Background <ul><li>Hutus </li></ul><ul><li>Majority - 80% </li></ul><ul><li>Migrated from southern Africa </li></ul><ul><li>General: found themselves as laborers and farmers </li></ul>
  4. 4. Background <ul><li>Tutsis </li></ul><ul><li>Minority - 20% </li></ul><ul><li>Migrated from Northern Africa (Egypt) </li></ul><ul><li>General: found themselves as the elite and political rulers </li></ul>
  5. 5. Background <ul><li>German colony until 1918 (end of WWI) </li></ul><ul><li>Belgium took it over </li></ul><ul><li>Put Tutsis in charge </li></ul><ul><li>Handed out “ethnic identity cards” </li></ul><ul><li>Education only open to Tutsis </li></ul><ul><li>Hutus could only be laborers or low level workers </li></ul>
  6. 6. Independence <ul><li>Once Belgium granted independence in 1962, Hutu majority took control </li></ul><ul><li>Over 200,000 Tutsis fled to neighboring countries and formed a rebel guerrilla army, the Rwandan Patriotic Front. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Civil War <ul><li>In 1990, the rebel army invades Rwanda and forces Hutu President Juvenal Habyarimana into signing an accord mandating that Hutus and Tutsis share power. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Escalating Conflict <ul><li>Ethnic tensions heightened in October 1993 upon the assassination of Melchior Ndadaye, Burundi’s president and the first member of the Hutu ethnic majority to rule </li></ul><ul><li>United Nations peacekeeping force of 2,500 is dispatched to preserve the cease-fire </li></ul>
  9. 9. Assassination <ul><li>On April 6, 1994, Rwandan President Juvenal Habyarimana is assassinated when his plane is shot down </li></ul><ul><li>Hutu extremists begin killing Tutsis </li></ul>
  10. 10. United Nations Response <ul><li>The U.N. Security Council votes unanimously to abandon Rwanda. The remainders of U.N. peacekeeping troops are pulled out, leaving only a tiny force of 200 soldiers for the entire country. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Aftermath <ul><li>Between April and June 1994, an estimated 800,000 Rwandans were killed in the space of 100 days. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Still at Large <ul><li>Hundreds of men are still wanted in connection with the Rwandan genocide </li></ul>