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Europe in 1812
The Congress of Vienna
(September 1, 1814 – June 9, 1815)
Main Objectives
The intent of the Congress was to undo
everything that Napoléon had done:
V Reduce France to its old bound...
Key Players
at Vienna
Tsar Alexander I
(Russia)

Foreign Minister
Robert Stewart, Viscount
Castlereagh (Britain)

The “Hos...
Key Principles Established
at Vienna
§ Balance of Power
§ Legitimacy
§ Restoration
§ Compensation
Decisions Made in Vienna
 France was
deprived of all
territory
conquered by
Napoléon.
Decisions Made in Vienna
 Russia was given most of the Duchy of
Warsaw (Poland).
Decisions Made in Vienna
 Prussia was
given half of
Saxony, parts
of Poland, and
other German
territories.
Decisions Made in Vienna
• A Germanic
Confederation of
39 states (including
Prussia) was created
from the previous
300, un...
Decisions Made in Vienna
• Austria was given
back territory it had
lost to France, plus
more in the German
states and Ital...
Decisions Made in Vienna
• The House of Orange was given the Dutch
Republic and the Austrian Netherlands to rule,
along wi...
Decisions Made in Vienna
 Norway
and
Sweden
were joined.
Decisions Made in Vienna
 The neutrality of Switzerland was guaranteed.
Decisions Made in Vienna
 Hanover was enlarged, and made a kingdom. (A
family possession of King George III of Britain.
Decisions Made in Vienna
 Britain was given Cape Colony, South Africa,
and various other colonies in Africa and Asia.
Decisions Made in Vienna
• The King of Sardinia was given Piedmont, Nice,
Savoy, and Genoa.
Decisions Made in Vienna
• The Bourbon Ferdinand I was restored in the
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.
Decisions Made in Vienna
• The Duchy of Parma
was given to Marie
Louise.
Decisions Made in Vienna
• At British urging, the slave trade was condemned.
Decisions Made in Vienna
•Freedom of navigation was guaranteed for many
rivers, including the Rhine and Danube.
Europe After the Congress of Vienna
The Congress of Vienna
The Congress of Vienna
The Congress of Vienna
The Congress of Vienna
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The Congress of Vienna

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Transcript of "The Congress of Vienna"

  1. 1. Europe in 1812
  2. 2. The Congress of Vienna (September 1, 1814 – June 9, 1815)
  3. 3. Main Objectives The intent of the Congress was to undo everything that Napoléon had done: V Reduce France to its old boundaries--her frontiers were pushed back to 1792 boundaries. V Restore as many of the old monarchs as possible who had lost their thrones during the Revolutionary period. Coalition forces would occupy France for 3-5 years. France would have to pay an indemnity of 700,000,000 francs.
  4. 4. Key Players at Vienna Tsar Alexander I (Russia) Foreign Minister Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh (Britain) The “Host” Prince Klemens von Metternich (Austria) Prince Karl August von Hardenberg (Prussia) Foreign Minister, Charles Maurice de Talleyrand (France)
  5. 5. Key Principles Established at Vienna § Balance of Power § Legitimacy § Restoration § Compensation
  6. 6. Decisions Made in Vienna  France was deprived of all territory conquered by Napoléon.
  7. 7. Decisions Made in Vienna  Russia was given most of the Duchy of Warsaw (Poland).
  8. 8. Decisions Made in Vienna  Prussia was given half of Saxony, parts of Poland, and other German territories.
  9. 9. Decisions Made in Vienna • A Germanic Confederation of 39 states (including Prussia) was created from the previous 300, under Austrian supervision.
  10. 10. Decisions Made in Vienna • Austria was given back territory it had lost to France, plus more in the German states and Italy. Hapsburgs were installed as the rulers of several Italian states.
  11. 11. Decisions Made in Vienna • The House of Orange was given the Dutch Republic and the Austrian Netherlands to rule, along with Luxembourg, which was located within the German Confederation.
  12. 12. Decisions Made in Vienna  Norway and Sweden were joined.
  13. 13. Decisions Made in Vienna  The neutrality of Switzerland was guaranteed.
  14. 14. Decisions Made in Vienna  Hanover was enlarged, and made a kingdom. (A family possession of King George III of Britain.
  15. 15. Decisions Made in Vienna  Britain was given Cape Colony, South Africa, and various other colonies in Africa and Asia.
  16. 16. Decisions Made in Vienna • The King of Sardinia was given Piedmont, Nice, Savoy, and Genoa.
  17. 17. Decisions Made in Vienna • The Bourbon Ferdinand I was restored in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.
  18. 18. Decisions Made in Vienna • The Duchy of Parma was given to Marie Louise.
  19. 19. Decisions Made in Vienna • At British urging, the slave trade was condemned.
  20. 20. Decisions Made in Vienna •Freedom of navigation was guaranteed for many rivers, including the Rhine and Danube.
  21. 21. Europe After the Congress of Vienna
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