The Congress of Vienna


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The Congress of Vienna

  1. 1. Europe in 1812
  2. 2. The Congress of Vienna (September 1, 1814 – June 9, 1815)
  3. 3. Main Objectives The intent of the Congress was to undo everything that Napoléon had done: V Reduce France to its old boundaries--her frontiers were pushed back to 1792 boundaries. V Restore as many of the old monarchs as possible who had lost their thrones during the Revolutionary period. Coalition forces would occupy France for 3-5 years. France would have to pay an indemnity of 700,000,000 francs.
  4. 4. Key Players at Vienna Tsar Alexander I (Russia) Foreign Minister Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh (Britain) The “Host” Prince Klemens von Metternich (Austria) Prince Karl August von Hardenberg (Prussia) Foreign Minister, Charles Maurice de Talleyrand (France)
  5. 5. Key Principles Established at Vienna § Balance of Power § Legitimacy § Restoration § Compensation
  6. 6. Decisions Made in Vienna  France was deprived of all territory conquered by Napoléon.
  7. 7. Decisions Made in Vienna  Russia was given most of the Duchy of Warsaw (Poland).
  8. 8. Decisions Made in Vienna  Prussia was given half of Saxony, parts of Poland, and other German territories.
  9. 9. Decisions Made in Vienna • A Germanic Confederation of 39 states (including Prussia) was created from the previous 300, under Austrian supervision.
  10. 10. Decisions Made in Vienna • Austria was given back territory it had lost to France, plus more in the German states and Italy. Hapsburgs were installed as the rulers of several Italian states.
  11. 11. Decisions Made in Vienna • The House of Orange was given the Dutch Republic and the Austrian Netherlands to rule, along with Luxembourg, which was located within the German Confederation.
  12. 12. Decisions Made in Vienna  Norway and Sweden were joined.
  13. 13. Decisions Made in Vienna  The neutrality of Switzerland was guaranteed.
  14. 14. Decisions Made in Vienna  Hanover was enlarged, and made a kingdom. (A family possession of King George III of Britain.
  15. 15. Decisions Made in Vienna  Britain was given Cape Colony, South Africa, and various other colonies in Africa and Asia.
  16. 16. Decisions Made in Vienna • The King of Sardinia was given Piedmont, Nice, Savoy, and Genoa.
  17. 17. Decisions Made in Vienna • The Bourbon Ferdinand I was restored in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.
  18. 18. Decisions Made in Vienna • The Duchy of Parma was given to Marie Louise.
  19. 19. Decisions Made in Vienna • At British urging, the slave trade was condemned.
  20. 20. Decisions Made in Vienna •Freedom of navigation was guaranteed for many rivers, including the Rhine and Danube.
  21. 21. Europe After the Congress of Vienna