The Congress of Vienna

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  • 1. Europe in 1812
  • 2. The Congress of Vienna (September 1, 1814 – June 9, 1815)
  • 3. Main Objectives The intent of the Congress was to undo everything that Napoléon had done: V Reduce France to its old boundaries--her frontiers were pushed back to 1792 boundaries. V Restore as many of the old monarchs as possible who had lost their thrones during the Revolutionary period. Coalition forces would occupy France for 3-5 years. France would have to pay an indemnity of 700,000,000 francs.
  • 4. Key Players at Vienna Tsar Alexander I (Russia) Foreign Minister Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh (Britain) The “Host” Prince Klemens von Metternich (Austria) Prince Karl August von Hardenberg (Prussia) Foreign Minister, Charles Maurice de Talleyrand (France)
  • 5. Key Principles Established at Vienna § Balance of Power § Legitimacy § Restoration § Compensation
  • 6. Decisions Made in Vienna  France was deprived of all territory conquered by Napoléon.
  • 7. Decisions Made in Vienna  Russia was given most of the Duchy of Warsaw (Poland).
  • 8. Decisions Made in Vienna  Prussia was given half of Saxony, parts of Poland, and other German territories.
  • 9. Decisions Made in Vienna • A Germanic Confederation of 39 states (including Prussia) was created from the previous 300, under Austrian supervision.
  • 10. Decisions Made in Vienna • Austria was given back territory it had lost to France, plus more in the German states and Italy. Hapsburgs were installed as the rulers of several Italian states.
  • 11. Decisions Made in Vienna • The House of Orange was given the Dutch Republic and the Austrian Netherlands to rule, along with Luxembourg, which was located within the German Confederation.
  • 12. Decisions Made in Vienna  Norway and Sweden were joined.
  • 13. Decisions Made in Vienna  The neutrality of Switzerland was guaranteed.
  • 14. Decisions Made in Vienna  Hanover was enlarged, and made a kingdom. (A family possession of King George III of Britain.
  • 15. Decisions Made in Vienna  Britain was given Cape Colony, South Africa, and various other colonies in Africa and Asia.
  • 16. Decisions Made in Vienna • The King of Sardinia was given Piedmont, Nice, Savoy, and Genoa.
  • 17. Decisions Made in Vienna • The Bourbon Ferdinand I was restored in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.
  • 18. Decisions Made in Vienna • The Duchy of Parma was given to Marie Louise.
  • 19. Decisions Made in Vienna • At British urging, the slave trade was condemned.
  • 20. Decisions Made in Vienna •Freedom of navigation was guaranteed for many rivers, including the Rhine and Danube.
  • 21. Europe After the Congress of Vienna