Napoleon

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  • Napoleon

    1. 1. Napoleon
    2. 2. Napoleon as dictator 3 consuls - Napoleon named 1st consul Executive Napoleon - Army/Navy, appointments/ dismissals, proposed laws Legislative could only approve or disapprove Constitution plebiscite - only yes or no vote
    3. 3. Accomplishments • Napoleonic Code - organized French laws • Bank of France - central financial institution • Public Education - universities,high schools, technical schools • Concordat - ended conflict with the Catholic church and allowed religious toleration
    4. 4. Enlarging the French Empire • crowned himself emperor • blockaded the British Isles (Continental System) • crushed Russian and Austrian forces • forced Austrians and Prussians to sign peace treaties • ruled the Netherlands and Spain directly and formed alliances with Denmark and Papal States
    5. 5. Setbacks • lose to Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson • British blockade of the French • inspired nationalism in other countries • lost the Peninsular War (Spain) to Great Britain led by the Duke of Wellington
    6. 6. Russia Campaign • Grand Army consisted of 600,000 soldiers from all over the empire • 1812 - long march to Russia • Russia used scorched earth policy and led them deeper into Russia • October 1812 began the return home (lost army)
    7. 7. Restoring the Monarchy • Prussia, Austria, and Great Britain joined Russia to defeat France • lost at Leipzig • allies captured Paris in 1814 • Napoleon gave up claims to throne retired to island of Elba • Returned the the Bourbon Monarchy - Louis XVIII
    8. 8. The Hundred Days • March 1 1815 - Napoleon escaped Elba • Prussia, Great Britain, and Netherlands sent armies toward France • June 18 1815 - British defeated Napoleon at Waterloo by Duke of Wellington • Napoleon gave up throne again - Bourbon • sent to St. Helena - 1821 Napoleon dies

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