Social Technologies for Informaticians and Researchers

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Created as a podcast for the Dental Informatics Online Community [http://www.dentalinformatics.com/], this is a snapshot / overview of social technologies (web 2.0) used by and for science …

Created as a podcast for the Dental Informatics Online Community [http://www.dentalinformatics.com/], this is a snapshot / overview of social technologies (web 2.0) used by and for science researchers, bioinformaticians and health informatics geeks. These include those used to build their communities, ways they have engaged with broader communities, examples of research opportunities, and crowdsourcing, as well as much more.

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  • 1. Social Technologies (Web 2.0) for Informatics & Research Patricia F. Anderson <pfa@umich.edu> UM Health Sciences Libraries November 28, 2007 © 2007 Regents of the University of Michigan. All rights reserved.
  • 2. Outline
    • Background: Social tech and scholarly publication
    • What are social technologies?
    • Professional social communities
    • Informatics in general social tech tools
    • Informatics & research 2.0
      • Open science
    • Social tech for research
    • Crowdsourcing
    • Potential concerns
    • Case study
  • 3. Social Tech and Scholarly Publication
    • University of Washington Libraries: Scientific Publication Cycle <http://www.lib.washington.edu/subject/environment/imt220/pubcycle.jpg>
  • 4. Social Tech and Scholarly Publication
    • Publishing without the academic infrastructure?
    • Problematic
  • 5. Social Tech and Scholarly Publication
    • Publication 200 years ago
      • Soapbox model
        • Say what you want to say
        • If you have the money to print it
    • Copyright 200 years ago
      • Nurtured the creative process
      • Facilitated connection between the creator and the consumer
  • 6. Social Tech and Scholarly Publication
    • Scholarly publication 50 years ago
      • Peer review
      • Publisher driven
    • Copyright 50 years ago
      • Purpose of copyright inverted
        • ‘Feeds’ the publisher and middle man
        • Creative process driven by tenure and grants
  • 7. Social Tech and Scholarly Publication
    • Via the web and social tech, we are returning to our beginnings
    Graphic: Interarchive
  • 8. Social Tech and Scholarly Publication
    • Interarchive.org
  • 9. Social Tech and Scholarly Publication
    • What will drive scholarly publication?
    • Recognition metrics
  • 10. What Social Technologies Are All About
    • Collaboration & community
      • Who are your people?
      • Who do you want to tell what?
      • Who do you want information from?
  • 11. Tim O’Reilly on Web 2.0
    • Slide from his talk, one week ago, in Europe
    • How did I get it?
    • Social tech -- Slideshare
    • http://www.slideshare.net/adunne/what-is-web-20-157107/
  • 12. Social Technologies Are …
    • “ Essentially, the Web is shifting from an international library of interlinked pages to an information ecosystem, where data circulate like nutrients in a rain forest.”
      • Johnson, Steven. “Emerging Technology: Software upgrades promise to turn the Internet into a lush rain forest of information teeming with new life.” Discover Magazine 10.24.2005
  • 13. Social Technologies Are …
    • Web 2.0
    • Social tech
    • Social media
    • Social computing
    • Social networking
    • Relationship media
  • 14. Social Technologies Are …
    • Example Types:
      • Blogs
      • Citation Sharing
      • Collaboratories
      • Email Groups
      • Forums
      • Social Bookmarking
      • Wikis
    • Example Tools:
      • Del.icio.us
      • Facebook
      • Flickr
      • Second Life
      • Slideshare
      • Twitter
      • YouTube
  • 15. Professional Organizations as Communities
    • Example: IADMFR
  • 16. Professional Organizations as Communities
    • Member forums, newsletters, meetings, etc.
  • 17. Professional Organizations as Communities
    • Email lists for professional community
  • 18. Professional Organizations as Communities
    • Discussion topics and image sharing
  • 19. Informatics in General Social Tech Tools: Sharing
    • Social bookmarking
  • 20. Informatics in General Social Tech Tools: Sharing
    • Microblogging: Twitter
  • 21. Informatics in General Social Tech Tools: Sharing
    • Image sharing: Flickr
  • 22. Informatics in General Social Tech Tools: Sharing
    • Video sharing: Youtube
  • 23. Informatics in General Social Tech Tools: Communities
    • Facebook: Group: Health Informatics
  • 24. Informatics in General Social Tech Tools: Communities
    • Facebook: Group: Informatics Forum
  • 25. Informatics in General Social Tech Tools: Communities
    • Informatics groups in Second Life
  • 26. Informatics in General Social Tech Tools: Collaboration
    • Nanotechnology Island in Second Life
  • 27. Informatics in General Social Tech Tools: Collaboration
    • Wikipedia: Dental informatics
  • 28. Informatics in General Social Tech Tools: Collaboration
    • Wikipedia: Dental informatics (stub)
  • 29. Informatics in General Social Tech Tools: Collaboration
    • How did I build this graphic?
    • With an online mindmapping tool
    • It also makes flowcharts
    • I can share the picture with my team
    • I can allow them to make suggestions and edit it.
  • 30. Informatics & Research 2.0
    • Social bookmarking: 2collab, from Elsevier
  • 31. Informatics & Research 2.0
    • Social bookmarking
      • CiteULike
  • 32. Informatics & Research 2.0
    • Social bookmarking
      • Connotea, from Nature
  • 33. Informatics & Research 2.0
    • Social bookmarking: Digg
  • 34. Informatics & Research 2.0: Blogs
    • Method: http://science.blogdig.net/
    • MORE: http://www.slideshare.net/umhealthscienceslibraries/staying-current-with-science-blogs-wikis/
  • 35. Informatics & Research 2.0: Blogs Plus
    • SEED: http://seedmagazine.com
  • 36. Informatics & Research 2.0: Blogs Plus
    • Nature: Nascent: Web 2.0 in Science
  • 37. Informatics & Research 2.0: Blog Communities
    • My Biotech Life: The DNA Network hits 25
  • 38. Informatics & Research 2.0: Wikis
    • Fred Hutchinson Computational Proteomics Laboratory (CPL) Proteomics Repository: https://proteomics.fhcrc.org/CPAS/Project/home/home.view
  • 39. Informatics & Research 2.0: Wikis
    • Open Wetware: http://openwetware.org/wiki/Main_Page
  • 40. Informatics & Research 2.0: Wikis
    • Proteome Commons: http://www.proteomecommons.org/archive.jsp
  • 41. Informatics & Research 2.0: Research Collaboration
  • 42. Informatics & Research 2.0: Communities
    • Social networking: nanohub
  • 43. Informatics & Research 2.0: Communities
    • Social networking: Fq(x) community
  • 44. Informatics & Research 2.0: Communities
    • Social networking: Science Commons
  • 45. About Open and Closed Science Traditional Lab Notebook (unpublished) Traditional Journal Article Open Access Journal Article Open Notebook Science (full transparency) CLOSED OPEN Slide from Jean-Claude Bradley, Open Notebook Science & Malaria, September 6, 2007
  • 46. About Open and Closed Science
    • Gunther Eysenbach: Citation Advantage of Open Access Articles. PLoS Biology
  • 47. Open Science - Proposal
    • Science in the open: E-Science for Open Science
  • 48. Open Science
    • An Experiment in Open Notebook Science - Sortase Mediated Protein-DNA Ligation
  • 49. Open Science
    • Useful Chemistry (blog): Definitions in Open Science SFLO Transcript
  • 50. Open Science
    • Open Notebook projects, from the Useful Chem Wiki
  • 51. Social Tech for Research
    • Research happens
      • Pubmed article list for Web 2.0
        • MN Boulos on Second Life in medical and health education
        • IS Yang on Infectious Disease Biomarker Database with Web 2.0 elements
  • 52. Social Tech for Research
    • Research happens
      • Pubmed: (myspace OR facebook OR del.icio.us OR youtube OR flickr OR twitter OR &quot;social technology&quot; OR &quot;second life&quot; OR &quot;web 2.0&quot;) = 72 results
      • Google Scholar: (myspace OR facebook OR del.icio.us OR youtube OR flickr OR twitter OR &quot;social technology&quot; OR &quot;second life&quot; OR &quot;web 2.0&quot;) (~health OR healthcare OR ehealth OR ~medicine OR ~surgery OR ~clinical OR treatment OR epidemiology OR prognosis OR ~infectious OR therapy OR psychology OR psychiatry OR physician OR ~informatics OR nursing OR &quot;evidence based&quot;) = 31,500 results
      • <http://del.icio.us/rosefirerising/websearch+health2.0>
  • 53. Social Tech for Research
    • Ethnicity’s Role in Social Networking
  • 54. Social Tech for Research
    • Envisioning feelings on the web
  • 55. Social Tech for Research
    • Virtual epidemics in Lancet
  • 56. Social Tech for Research
    • Virtual epidemiology
  • 57. Social Tech for Research
    • Presenccia: Research encompassing sensory enhancement, neuroscience, cerebral-computer interfaces and applications
  • 58. Social Tech for Research
    • Presence and Interaction in Mixed-Reality Environment (10th, 2007)
      • “ Current virtual and augmented realtiy environments try to provide the best realism, while it is simply taken for granted that this leads to the best user=experience. Practice shows that this is not true: users do not easily feel fully engaged in high-tech VR worlds. On the other hand they can feel extremely present in simpler environments, like when chatting on line or when reading a book. The feeling of being there, in other words, is the result of a complex interation of many technological, contextual, biological, cognitive and personal factors, among others.”
  • 59. Social Tech for Research
    • NewScientistTech: Anti-social bot invades Second Lifers’ personal space
  • 60. Crowdsourcing: What is it?
    • Getting people to volunteer information or resources that you need for your research, with no cost or harm to them
  • 61. Crowdsourcing: What is it?
    • Using data for research that other people create and make available freely
  • 62. Crowdsourcing: What is it?
    • Crowdsourcing: Tracking the rise of the amateur
  • 63. Crowdsourcing: Examples: General
    • Audobon Christmas Bird Count
  • 64. Crowdsourcing: Examples: General
    • eBird
  • 65. Crowdsourcing: Everyone: General
    • ClimatePrediction.net
  • 66. Crowdsourcing: Examples: General
    • The Future Place Blog: Red Lake Crowdsourcing Case Study
    • UnlockTheValue.com
  • 67. Crowdsourcing: Examples: General
    • NASA: Clickworkers
  • 68. Crowdsourcing: Examples: General
    • OpenStreetMap
  • 69. Crowdsourcing: Examples: General
    • USGS Did You Feel It
  • 70. Crowdsourcing: Examples: Corporate
    • Amazon Mechanical Turk
  • 71. Crowdsourcing: Examples: Corporate
    • IBM: Many Eyes
  • 72. Crowdsourcing: Examples: Corporate
    • innocentive
  • 73. Crowdsourcing: Health
    • Using Facebook to trace public health concerns
    • What else could you track this way?
  • 74. Crowdsourcing: Health
    • Geni: Create your family tree
    • Could you use this to track the historical incidence and genetics of health conditions in the general population?
  • 75. Crowdsourcing: Health
    • Houston Chronical Special Report: In Harm’s Way
    • Tracking toxic chemicals in the water supply by having residents test their own water
  • 76. Crowdsourcing: Health
    • World Community Grid: Help Conquer Cancer
      • Like SETI and Stardust @ Home, uses computing cycles
  • 77. Crowdsourcing: Health
    • MedHelp.org
    • What questions do people ask? Questioning behavior studies.
  • 78. Crowdsourcing: Health
    • Organized Wisdom
    • What resources are considered quality by general public?
  • 79. Crowdsourcing: Health
    • Who is Sick?
      • Condition tracking
      • Epidemiology and public health
  • 80. Crowdsourcing: Health
    • Who is Sick?
      • Condition tracking
      • Epidemiology and public health
  • 81. Crowdsourcing: Health
    • SLHealthy wiki
  • 82. Crowdsourcing: Peers
    • Chemmunity
      • “ an experiment to see whether the internet and Web 2.0 technologies can facilitate a global collaboration to solve interesting and novel chemistry questions”
  • 83. Crowdsourcing: Peers
    • Bioforge
  • 84. Convergence in Social Tech
    • Medicine and Web 2.0 @ SciFoo live on (Second Life)
      • Blogs
      • Podcasts
      • Social e-communities
      • Second Life
      • Wikis
  • 85. Potential Problems
    • eHealthRisk Wiki
  • 86. Potential Problems
    • The Register: Scientists shun Web 2.0
      • Why?
      • Generational dynamics?
      • Comfort with adopting tech innovations?
      • Lack of perceived relevance?
      • ?????
  • 87. Potential Problems
    • Adoption
    • Skepticism
    • Integrity
    • Authority
    • Version control
    • Hackers
    • Engagement
    • Durability
  • 88. Solutions? More about Social Tech and Publication Models
    • arXiv.org - the killer app for science social technologies
  • 89. Solutions? More about Social Tech and Publication Models
    • An American Physics Student in England: If Digg (or Reddit) ran the arXiv
  • 90. Solutions? More about Social Tech and Publication Models
    • An American Physics Student in England: If Digg (or Reddit) ran the arXiv
  • 91. Solutions? More about Social Tech and Publication Models
    • An American Physics Student in England: If Digg (or Reddit) ran the arXiv
  • 92. Solutions? More about Social Tech and Publication Models
    • An American Physics Student in England: If Amazon ran the arXiv
  • 93. Solutions? More about Social Tech and Publication Models
    • An American Physics Student in England: If Amazon ran the arXiv
  • 94. Solutions? More about Social Tech and Publication Models
    • An American Physics Student in England: If Google ran the arXiv
  • 95. More
    • Links to these resources and more:
      • http://del.icio.us/rosefirerising/science2.0/
    • More podcasts:
      • http://www.dentalinformatics.com
      • http://www.dent.umich.edu/informatics/bootcamp/
      • http://www.lib.umich.edu/hsl/podcasts/
    • More slide presentations:
      • http://www.slideshare.net/umhealthscienceslibraries/slideshows/
  • 96. Questions?
      • Contact: Patricia Anderson at pfa@umich.edu