Taking IT for Granted

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Taking IT for granted: a long view into the future, closing talk at IT as a Utility Conference, 20 June, Chilworth, Southampton, UK

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  • ESRC Cities Expert Group
  • Taking IT for Granted

    1. 1. Taking IT for granted: a long view from the future David De Roure
    2. 2. 1990s The co-creation of the largest scale most programmable and most useable distributed system, ever
    3. 3. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/technology/3357073.stm
    4. 4. Now is an opportune time to tackle the engineering of emergent order: to identify the engineering principles and languages that can be used to observe, control, organize, and exploit the behavior of programmable multitudes. http://groups.csail.mit.edu/mac/projects/amorphous/ Communications of the ACM, May 2000.
    5. 5. Social Machines Real life is and must be full of all kinds of social constraint – the very processes from which society arises. Computers can help if we use them to create abstract social machines on the Web: processes in which the people do the creative work and the machine does the administration... The stage is set for an evolutionary growth of new social engines. The ability to create new forms of social process would be given to the world at large, and development would be rapid. Berners-Lee, Weaving the Web, 1999 (pp. 172–175)
    6. 6. 2000s Data data everywhere The Grid versus Science 2.0
    7. 7. F i r s t
    8. 8. TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION IN PHYSICAL AND DIGITAL LIFE October 2000 - June 2007 The central goal of the equator IRC is to investigate the integration of the physical with the digital and the fundamental research needed to realise systems that promote this. In particular, we are concerned with uncovering and supporting the variety of possible relationships between physical and digital worlds. Our objective in doing this is to improve the quality of everyday life by building and adapting technologies for a range of user groups and application domains.
    9. 9. A revolutionary idea… Open Science! rstl.royalsocietypublishing.org
    10. 10. 2010s The Rise of the Social Shifts in Scholarship
    11. 11. Christine Borgman
    12. 12. Pip Willcox @marstonbikepath Datasets or dataflows?
    13. 13. Interdisciplinary and “in the wild” In it not on it Pull not Push
    14. 14. The Big Picture More people More machines Big Data Big Compute Conventional Computation “Big Social” Social Networks e-infrastructure online R&D Social Machines deeply about society
    15. 15. Nigel Shadbolt et al
    16. 16. SOCIAM: The Theory and Practice of Social Machines is funded by the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) under grant number EPJ017728/1 and comprises the Universities of Southampton, Oxford and Edinburgh. See sociam.org
    17. 17. www.zooniverse.org
    18. 18. Talk Forum Scientists Image Classification Citizen Scientists data reduction
    19. 19. Cat De Roure The Befriending of Raspberry Tree
    20. 20. RichardO’Bierne
    21. 21. 2020s Ludere Humanum Est Social Machines as disruptive technology Pip Willlcox
    22. 22. “Yet Wikipedia and its stated ambition to “compile the sum of all human knowledge” are in trouble. The volunteer workforce that built the project’s flagship, the English-language Wikipedia—and must defend it against vandalism, hoaxes, and manipulation— has shrunk by more than a third since 2007 and is still shrinking… The main source of those problems is not mysterious. The loose collective running the site today, estimated to be 90 percent male, operates a crushing bureaucracy with an often abrasive atmosphere that deters newcomers who might increase participation in Wikipedia and broaden its coverage…” http://www.technologyreview.com/featuredstory/520446/the-decline-of-wikipedia/
    23. 23. Stories within Social Machines Social Machines for stories Stories about Social Machines SOCIAL MACHINES AS STORIES
    24. 24. awards me pain of love's rite fair beseechers kill that thou none sweet some vial straight grow sad side against myself saw a goddess sad slave stay profitless usurer why physic did except part his function painted beauty to is youth some heart from serving for beauty's pattern eye i eyed doth thy beauty compare thou thine by spirits taught bids my heart beauty still three bear all wrong basest clouds to their youthful sap Pip Willlcox
    25. 25. There is no such thing as the Internet of Things There is no such thing as a closed system Humans are creative and subversive The Rise of the Bots A Swarm of Drones Accidents happen (in the
    26. 26. The Big Picture Social Machines More people More machines Big Data Big Compute Conventional Computation “Big Social” Social Networks deeply about society Automation
    27. 27. Big data elephant versus sense-making network? Iain Buchan The challenge is to foster the co-constituted socio-technical system on the right i.e. a computationally-enabled sense-making network of expertise, data, models, software, visualisations and narratives
    28. 28. The R Dimensions Research Objects facilitate research that is reproducible, repeatable, replicable, reusable, referenceable, retrievable, reviewable, replayable, re-interpretable, reprocessable, recomposable, reconstructable, repurposable, reliable, respectful, reputable, revealable, recoverable, restorable, reparable, refreshable?” @dder 14 April 2014 sci method access understand new use social curation Research Object Principles
    29. 29. Edwards, P. N., et al. (2013) Knowledge Infrastructures: Intellectual Frameworks and Research Challenges. Ann Arbor: Deep Blue. http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/97552
    30. 30. FUSING AUDIO AND SEMANTIC TECHNOLOGIES for INTELLIGENT MUSIC PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION
    31. 31. 2030 Where am I?
    32. 32. david.deroure@oerc.ox.ac.uk www.oerc.ox.ac.uk/people/dder @dder Thanks to: Christine Borgman, Iain Buchan, Cat De Roure, Dave Robertson, Nigel Shadbolt, SégolèneTarte and Pip Willcox. SOCIAM: The Theory and Practice of Social Machines is funded by the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) under grant number EPJ017728/1 and comprises the Universities of Southampton, Oxford and Edinburgh. See sociam.org
    33. 33. www.oerc.ox.ac.uk david.deroure@oerc.ox.ac.uk @dder

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