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Word order
Word order
Word order
Word order
Word order
Word order
Word order
Word order
Word order
Word order
Word order
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Word order

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  • 1. W O R D O R D E R
  • 2. BASIC WORD ORDER IN ENGLISH
    • (TIME) SUBJECT + VERB + OBJECT(S) + ADVERBIAL PHRASE(S)
    thing + to + person person + thing place + time Susan went to school on Monday . I eat bananas twice a week . My father gave me a present for my birthday . We will send this letter to Peter tomorrow morning. Last week, I didn’t enjoy Sam’s party.
  • 3. ADJECTIVES
    • They can be part of the predicate after some verbs: be, look, feel, sound …
    • She looks beautiful today.
    • They can be part of a noun phrase.
    • In a noun phrase, they should be placed after the determiner ( articles, demostratives, quantifiers, possessives, etc) and before the noun.
    • When there’s more than one adjective before the noun, the correct order is:
    • NUMBER + OPINION + SIZE + AGE + SHAPE + COLOUR + ORIGIN + MATERIAL + PURPOSE
    • 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
    • 1- Numbers: ordinal ( first, second, third …) + cardinal ( one, two, three …) ;
    • 2- O pinion  adjectives: silly, beautiful, horrible, difficult
    • 3- S ize  adjectives: large, tiny, enormous, little
    • 4- A ge  adjectives: ancient, new, young, old
    • 5- S hape  adjectives: square, round, flat, rectangular
    • 6- C olour  adjectives: blue, pink, reddish, grey
    • 7- Origin  adjectives: French, lunar, American, eastern, Greek
    • 8- M aterial  adjectives: wooden, metal, cotton, paper
    • 9- P urpose  adjectives: sleeping (as in "sleeping bag")
    • Finally, you will write the noun in apposition (as in “ car keys ”)
  • 4.
    • NUMBER + OPINION + SIZE + AGE + SHAPE + COLOUR + ORIGIN + MATERIAL + PURPOSE
    • 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
    • This is a huge three-year-old car. “three-year s -old car” is incorrect!
    • He was a difficult , stubborn child.
    • I bought a wonderful old Italian clock.
    • She’s got lovely long wavy brown hair.
    • He is an extraordinary tall thirty-nine-year-old well-built Italian actor.
    • These are the first two cars to reach the end.
    • ordinal + cardinal
    • The Irish Philology students must enter this room.
    • noun in apposition
    • I’ve found a disgusting pink plastic ornament.
    • In my nice big flat
    • There's an old round box
    • For my green Swiss hat
    • And my woolly walking socks.
    Use commas to coordinate adjectives from the same group.
  • 5. ADVERBS
    • BEGINNING OF SENTENCE (before the subject ):
    • Connecting adverbs : Then, next, however, suddenly, etc
    • Suddenly the door opened.
    • Next, a ghost floated into the room.
    • Comment adverbs: Luckily, unluckily, fortunately, surprisingly, stupidly, etc
    • Stupidly, I forgot my keys.
    • Fortunately, she has decided to help us.
    • Frequency adverbs (special emphasis, indefinite frequency ) : usually, normally, often, frequently, sometimes and occasionally (NOT: always, ever, rarely, seldom and never ).
    • Sometimes I think I’d like to live somewhere else.
    • Usually I get up early.
    • Some adverbs of certainty : maybe, perhaps.
    • Maybe I’m right.
    • Perhaps her train is late.
  • 6.
    • Adverbs of place (special emphasis ): here, there, at the end, etc.
    • Here comes your bus. The word order changes in this sentence.
    • There she is.
    • On the bus sat a pretty girl with a blue hat. The word order changes here.
    • Adverbs of time (special emphasis ): today, in 1956, etc.
    • Today, I’m going to London.
    • In June we went to Cornwall.
  • 7.
    • MID-POSITION (before the main verb, after an auxiliary verb or after “be” ) :
    • Adverbs of certainty : certainly, definitely, clearly, obviously, probably;
    • He probably thinks you don’t like him.
    • There is clearly something wrong.
    • It will certainly rain today.
    • Adverbs of frequency : never, rarely, sometimes, often, usually, always, ever, seldom, etc
    • We usually go to Scotland in August.
    • I’m seldom late for work.
    • Focusing adverbs : even, only, also, mainly, etc
    • She’s also my friend.
    • We are only going for two days.
    • Some adverbs of time: already, still, finally, eventually, soon, last, just;
    • She’s still working in the office.
    • They’ve just arrived.
  • 8.
    • Adverbs of manner (when they are not important): slowly, suddenly, happily, etc
    • I slowly started to feel better again.
    • We will happily start moving to London next month.
    • Some a dverbs of degree: almost, greatly, mostly, etc
    • She’s almost finished.
    • He totally agrees with you.
  • 9.
    • END OF SENTENCE (after the verb ):
    • A dverbs of manner: slowly, suddenly, badly, quietly, etc
    • He drove off angrily .
    • You speak English well.
    • Adverbs of place: upstairs, around, here, to bed, from school, etc
    • The children are playing upstairs .
    • Come and sit here .
    • Frequency expressions (definite frequency) : once a month, every week, etc
    • She buys the newspaper twice a week .
    • I visit my grandma every day .
    • Adverbs of time: today, finally, soon, yet, etc
    • I’m going to Paris today .
    • She’ll be coming soon .
    • Expressions of purpose: to + infinitive, in order to + infinitive, etc.
    • I will use this new red pen to mark the exams .
    • You have to study in order to pass the school year .
  • 10.
    • If there’s more than one adverb after the
    • verb, the correct order is:
    • Manner + place + frequency + time + purpose
    • 1 2 3 4 5
    • Beth swims enthusiastically in the pool every morning before lunch to keep in shape .
  • 11.
    • Adverbs can also modify adjectives and other adverbs:
    • He is very talkative. Mark is exceptionally bright .
    • adverb adjective adverb adjective
    • He speaks too slowly. Tom ran extremely fast.
    • adverb adverb adverb adverb
    • Commas with adverbs:
    • Use a comma after certain adverbs: however, in fact, therefore nevertheless, moreover, furthermore, still, instead, too (meaning 'also').
    • Therefore , he didn't say a word.
    • If these adverbs appear in the middle of a sentence, they are enclosed
    • in commas.
    • The thief , however , was very clever.
    • The comma is optional in many cases, depending on the context and on the intention of the writer.
    •   So , she entered the house.
    •   So she entered the house.

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