Five Themes Of Geography

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Five Themes Of Geography

  1. 1. AIM: What are the five themes of geography? <ul><li>Do Now: How does geography shape the way human beings live? </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>I. Location </li></ul><ul><li>A. Exact Location is measured in latitude and longitude </li></ul><ul><li>1. Latitude lines measure distance north and south </li></ul><ul><li>of the equator. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Longitude lines measure distance east and west </li></ul><ul><li>of the Prime Meridian. </li></ul><ul><li>B. Relative location is in relation to some other place. </li></ul><ul><li>Activity: What is the exact location of the following places? Find them on Google Earth: JFK, Mt. Everest, Los Angeles, Tokyo, Rome, Sydney Australia, Your house… </li></ul><ul><li>Now describe them in relative terms. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>II. Place </li></ul><ul><li>A. Place is described in terms of physical and human features </li></ul><ul><li>1. physical includes climate, soil, plant life, animal </li></ul><ul><li>life, and bodies of water </li></ul><ul><li>2. human means kinds of houses, language, </li></ul><ul><li>and transportation. </li></ul><ul><li>Activity: Write a description of the place on the index card without naming it, then exchange it with the person sitting next to you. Can you identify the place from the description alone? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Activity: How does this song describe a place? What kind of place is this? What are its physical and human characteristics? What other songs do you know that describe places? <ul><li>Home on the range </li></ul><ul><li>Oh, give me a home where the buffalo roam Where the deer and the antelope play Where seldom is heard a discouraging word And the skies are not cloudy all day Home, home on the range Where the deer and the antelope play Where seldom is heard a discouraging word And the skies are not cloudy all day How often at night when the heavens are bright With the light from the glittering stars Have I stood there amazed and asked as I gazed If their glory exceeds that of ours </li></ul><ul><li>Home, home on the range Where the deer and the antelope play Where seldom is heard a discouraging word And the skies are not cloudy all day Where the air is so pure, the zephyrs so free The breezes so balmy and light That I would not exchange my home on the range For all of the cities so bright Home, home on the range Where the deer and the antelope play Where seldom is heard a discouraging word And the skies are not cloudy all day Oh, I love those wild flow'rs in this dear land of ours The curlew, I love to hear scream And I love the white rocks and the antelope flocks That graze on the mountaintops green Home, home on the range Where the deer and the antelope play Where seldom is heard a discouraging word And the skies are not cloudy all day </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>III. Interaction </li></ul><ul><li>A. Interaction between people and their environment </li></ul><ul><li>Activity: List ways that people affect their environment. Are these harmful or helpful? </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>IV. Movement </li></ul><ul><li>A. Movement of people, goods, and ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>Activity: Find the origin of manufacture of as many items as you can on your body or in your bookbag. Examples: shirt, sneakers, jewelry, backpack, folders, pens pencils, and anything else you can find out the origin of manufacture. Make a list of the item and where it was made. How many of the items in the classroom can you name that have been manufactured in another country? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the raw materials needed to make these items, the most likely place of production or manufacture, and the most likely form of transportation from the place of manufacture to the classroom? </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>V. Region </li></ul><ul><li>A. A region is an area of the world that has similar, unifying characteristics. The characteristics may be physical, human, or cultural. </li></ul><ul><li>How do people from different climatic regions dress? What different foods do they eat? </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>1. Pacific Coast and Intermountain Region </li></ul><ul><li>a) includes mountains along coast </li></ul><ul><li>2. Rocky Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>a) highest peaks in the U.S, above tree level </li></ul><ul><li>3. Great Plains </li></ul><ul><li>a) flat grassland with little trees </li></ul><ul><li>4. Appalachian Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>a) lower and less rugged than the Rockies </li></ul><ul><li>5. Atlantic Coastal Plain </li></ul><ul><li>a) flat lowlands along the coast </li></ul>5 Physical Regions of the U.S
  9. 10. Guess what Region of the country this is! <ul><li>THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>GREAT PLAINS </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>SAN DIEGO, </li></ul><ul><li>CA, </li></ul><ul><li>PACIFIC COAST </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>APPALACHIAN MOUNTAINS </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>ATLANTIC COASTAL PLAIN </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>GREAT PLAINS </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>APPALACHIAN MOUNTAINS </li></ul>
  17. 18. <ul><li>PACIFIC COAST </li></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>ATLANTIC COASTAL PLAIN </li></ul>
  19. 20. <ul><li>DALLAS, TEXAS- GREAT PLAINS </li></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><li>THE GREAT PLAINS </li></ul>
  21. 22. <ul><li>THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS </li></ul>
  22. 23. <ul><li>ATLANTIC COASTAL PLAIN </li></ul>
  23. 24. <ul><li>ATLANTIC COASTAL PLAIN </li></ul>
  24. 25. <ul><li>PACIFIC COAST </li></ul>
  25. 26. <ul><li>DENVER, COLORADO- ROCKY MTN </li></ul>

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