England
Parliament and Civil War
The War of the Roses

                  House
                    of
                  Tudor
Lancaster                    ...
Henry VII        Henry VIII        Edward VI
 1485-1509                            1547-53
                   1509-47




...
Elizabeth I
•Greatly loved and successful


•Unified and brought peace after
her sister, “Bloody Mary”


•Brought her king...
James I
•King of Scotland (since 1567),
became King of England when
Elizabeth died in 1603

•First Monarch to combine the
...
Charles I
•Like Dad, he believed in divine
right & absolute power

•In 1628, in need of $, he
was forced to open
Parliamen...
The English Civil War
•The Long Parliament
moves to reduce the power
of the king
•In 1642, Charles sends his
troop into th...
•The Long Parliament moves to
reduce the power of the king


•In 1642, Charles sends his
troop into the house of
Commons t...
The English Civil War

•The Cavaliers have early
advantage due to better
discipline
•With the rise of Oliver
Cromwell and ...
Oliver Cromwell

•After the war, England is
declared a Republic, and O.C.
is named -
•O.C. runs the nation under
a very st...
The Restoration

•Upon Cromwell’s death, and
after years of Puritan rule, the
population had enough

•King Charles’ son is...
The Glorious Revolution

•1685, Charles II dies, his
Catholic brother James II
becomes King
•When James had a son,
the ide...
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English Civilwar

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English Civilwar

  1. 1. England Parliament and Civil War
  2. 2. The War of the Roses House of Tudor Lancaster York In 1485, Lancastrian Henry Tudor, defeats the Yorks at the Battle of Bosworth Field, later Henry marries Elizabeth of York King Henry VII of the House of Tudor
  3. 3. Henry VII Henry VIII Edward VI 1485-1509 1547-53 1509-47 Mary I Elizabeth I 1553-58 1558-1603
  4. 4. Elizabeth I •Greatly loved and successful •Unified and brought peace after her sister, “Bloody Mary” •Brought her kingdom through threats from Spain, France, and Scotland •Died with no direct heir
  5. 5. James I •King of Scotland (since 1567), became King of England when Elizabeth died in 1603 •First Monarch to combine the crown of Scotland, England, & Ireland •Thought of himself as a divine absolute King, ignoring Parliament •Jamestown & King James Bible
  6. 6. Charles I •Like Dad, he believed in divine right & absolute power •In 1628, in need of $, he was forced to open Parliament, when he did, they made him sign the •1640, he needs them again -
  7. 7. The English Civil War •The Long Parliament moves to reduce the power of the king •In 1642, Charles sends his troop into the house of Commons to arrest it’s leaders • Parliament forces are known as • The king’s supporters are known as
  8. 8. •The Long Parliament moves to reduce the power of the king •In 1642, Charles sends his troop into the house of Commons to arrest it’s leaders • Parliament forces are known as • The king’s supporters are known as
  9. 9. The English Civil War •The Cavaliers have early advantage due to better discipline •With the rise of Oliver Cromwell and his “New Model Army”, the Roundheads gain control of England by 1646 • King Charles I is executed in 1649
  10. 10. Oliver Cromwell •After the war, England is declared a Republic, and O.C. is named - •O.C. runs the nation under a very strict Puritan rule • O.C. persecutes Ireland & Scotland • O.C. dies in 1658, powerful but not popular
  11. 11. The Restoration •Upon Cromwell’s death, and after years of Puritan rule, the population had enough •King Charles’ son is invited back and crowned •Cromwell’s body is dug up and “executed” • Charles is allowed to rule as a weak
  12. 12. The Glorious Revolution •1685, Charles II dies, his Catholic brother James II becomes King •When James had a son, the idea of another Catholic monarch was too much for protestants • James Protestant daughter Mary and her husband are “invited” to rule • James flees, no blood is shed

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