Unit 1, lesson 1


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4th Grade Introduction to Geography

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Unit 1, lesson 1

  1. 1. What is Geography?<br />
  2. 2. Welcome to Geography<br />Geography: the study of people and places of Earth. <br />
  3. 3. Why Is It Important?<br />It explains the forces that shape the land.<br />It explores how living things are connected to the places where they live.<br />Helps us understand our environment.<br />
  4. 4. Environment?<br /><ul><li>Environment: Includes ALL the surroundings and conditions that affect living things.
  5. 5. Water, land, plants, animals, and weather are all part of the environment.</li></li></ul><li>Environment? So What?<br />People DEPEND on the environment for food and fuel!<br />What you eat, drink, wear, work all depends on your environment.<br />
  6. 6. So….Who Studies Geography?<br />Geographers!<br />Do you like to ask questions?<br />Do you like to find answers?<br />Do you like being outside?<br />Then being a geographer may be just the job for you someday!<br />
  7. 7. Three Essential Questions<br />Where is it?<br />Why is it there?<br />What is it like there?<br />These are the questions geographers ask about different environments. Their job is to find the answers.<br />
  8. 8. “Where is it?”<br />Geographers answer this question by describing the location of a place?<br />How would you describe the location of your home?<br />Explain what is close to it.<br />Give the address<br />**Geographers do both of these!**<br />
  9. 9. An Address?<br />Geographers give places an address by using lines of latitude and longitude. Check it out!<br />
  10. 10. Latitude<br />These lines are also called parallels. Degrees of latitude measure how far north or south of the equator a place is.<br />Each line has a number, called degrees.<br />The equator is 0 degrees latitude.<br />Other latitude lines are measured in degrees north or south of the equator.<br />
  11. 11. Longitude<br />Also known as meridians.<br />Also have numbers, called degrees, to name each line.<br />The prime meridian is at 0 degree longitude.<br />The rest of the longitude lines measure east or west of the prime meridian.<br />
  12. 12. “Why Is It There?”<br />After answering the “where” question, geographers are ready to tackle the “why” question.<br />This takes detective work.<br />Look for clues about the forces that created mountains, rivers, and other features.<br />Look for clues about why people settled there.<br />Look for clues about why communities grew or disappeared<br />
  13. 13. What Kind of Clues?<br />Natural Clues: landforms, bodies of water, wind, rainfall, plants, animals, trees, and soil.<br />Human Clues: languages, food eaten, jobs, religion, and types of buildings. <br />
  14. 14. “What Is It Like?”<br />This is where the geographer takes the clues used to answer the “why” question and describe them!<br />
  15. 15. Let’s Be Geographers!<br />Now it’s your turn to be a geographer! <br />Let’s take some time right now to answer those three questions geographers use to learn about our area!<br />
  16. 16. “Where is it?”<br />Let’s look at a globe. What do you notice?<br />Sphere shaped<br />7 Continents<br />Africa<br />Antarctica<br />Asia<br />Australia<br />Europe<br />North America<br />South America<br />4 Oceans<br />Atlantic Ocean<br />Arctic Ocean<br />Indian Ocean<br />Pacific Ocean<br />4 Hemispheres<br />Hemisphere: one half of Earth’s surface<br />Lines of Latitude and Longitude<br />
  17. 17. So….Where are we?<br />Northern and Western Hemisphere<br />North American Continent<br />United States of America<br />Illinois<br />Stephenson County<br />German Valley<br />
  18. 18. “What is here?”<br />What are some landforms in our area?<br />What kinds of work do people do?<br />What plants and animals do you see?<br />
  19. 19. “Why is it here?”<br />The why we will be learning more about in the two lessons when we discuss erosion.<br />In the meantime, continue to describe the world around you! Let’s be successful geographers!<br />