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Basic Video Production

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Transcript

  • 1. Back to the Basics (Production Basics, that is) In a Cyber-media World
    • Basics of Video Production
  • 2. “ Those who tell stories hold the power in society. Today television tells most of the stories to most of the people, most of the time.” George Gerbner 1992
  • 3. Phases of Production
    • Pre-production : Planning, scheduling, and writing,…and storyboards
    • Production: Shooting, recording,…
    • Post-production: Editing
  • 4. What is the objective?
    • Inform
    • Entertain
  • 5. Who is your audience?
    • Background
    • Age
    • Motivation
  • 6. Parts Of Typical Camcorder Microphone Viewfinder Lens Assembly Tape Compartment Power / Record/ Playback Controls Tape Eject Control W Auto Zoom Control Switch W T Inset Detail Auto/Manual Focus Controls Battery Compartment
  • 7. Production Tools An introduction to types of camera shots and techniques
  • 8. Rule of thirds
  • 9. Anchorperson in left third. Eyes at important cross-section at top third line.
  • 10. How To Frame A Shot ( Subject Facing Camera) Center of Frame Headroom
  • 11. How to Frame A Shot (Subject looking to Side) Headroom Lead Room
  • 12. In this shot the lady is looking off camera to the left so she is placed in the right third so she seems to be looking at something on the left of the shot.    
  • 13. Follow the rule?
  • 14. Visual impact
  • 15. Yes or no?
  • 16. Washington Post, Sept. 17, 2007.
  • 17. Moving objects…
  • 18. Watch background!
  • 19. What’s wrong with this pic?
  • 20. Shot Glossary
    • (ECU) Extreme Close-up Shot
    • (CU) Close-up Shot
    • (Med) Medium Shot
    • (WS) Wide Shot
    • (POV) Point of View Shot
    • (OSS) Over the Shoulder Shot
    • (Noddy) Interview nods attentively
  • 21. Basic Shots Types Close-up (CU) Wide Shot (WS) Medium Shot (Med)
  • 22. Establishing shot: Wide
  • 23. Establishing: wide shot (WS)
  • 24. Another wide shot to establish scene: Washington Post, Sept. 16, 2007.
  • 25. Type of shot?
  • 26. More emotional impact: Medium (Med)
  • 27. Type of shot?
  • 28. Human level: close up (CU) Practice with digital cameras first then on to video cameras. Washington Post, Sept. 16, 2005.
  • 29.  
  • 30. XCU: Purpose?
  • 31. Camera Techniques
    • Pan
    • Tilt
    • Focus
    • Fade
    • High or low angle
    • Zoom
    • Point of view
    • Shot variation- Wide, Med., CU
  • 32. Camera Tips
    • Use a tripod
    • Position camera so greatest light is at videographer’s back
    • Use focus and white balance controls
    • Practice camera moves
    • Frame shots and moves with purpose
  • 33. Video Clip : Let’s review!
    • Watch the following clip for various camera shots.
    • Use the terms we learned!
    • What was the effect/purpose of the shots?
    • Raise your hand!
  • 34. Camera Tips (continued)
    • Vary shots
    • Don’t overuse zoom
    • Be sure to lay down pre and post-roll
    • Correct roll-back
  • 35. Basic editing
    • In camera editing
    • Assemble editing
    • ‘ A’ Roll
    • ‘ A/B’ Roll
    • Insert editing
  • 36. Disappearing Act ( In Camera Edit)
    • Record (Push red button.)
    • Establish subject, subject freezes
    • Pause (Push red button.)
    • Change scene.
    • Record (Push red button.)
  • 37. Activity
    • Make something disappear or animate an object through in-camera editing.
    • Keep background constant and camera position constant for best effect
    • Establish cues so crew knows what to expect
  • 38. Options for Transitions
    • Close-up of object
    • Fade-out of one scene, fade-in to next
    • Full screen text of poster or graphic
    • See someone walk out of room, walk in to next room
    • Create a walk-through effect
  • 39. Audio techniques
    • Voice-over narration
    • Sound effects
    • Music
    • Natural sound
  • 40. Audio Tips
    • Use music and natural sound
    • Use headphones
    • Select microphones based on project needs
    • Place microphone right distance from source
    • Listen for distracting background noises
  • 41. Planning Your Production
    • Two main ways of planning are scripts and storyboards
    • Scripts take many forms but should have a place for describing both audio and video
    • Storyboards are really comic strip versions of production where shots are drawn with audio written as captions underneath
  • 42. Script Example
    • Video
    • EST. Shot -of school exterior
    • Med. Shot- Student host pointing at
    • building
    • WS. Shot – Student walks through
    • door
    • Med. 2 shot- Host and school director
    • EST. Shot- Scriptwriter’s office with
    • her at her computer
    • Audio
    • V.O- Welcome to the ACME School of Production
    • Let’s go inside take a tour
    • Music
    • Host- This is the school’s director, Mr. Doe. What are you going to show us today?
    • Director – Well I thought we would start by talking with our scriptwriter, Ms. Smith
    • Director – Well hello Ms. Smith! We have a visitor with us, Mr. Host
  • 43. Sample Storyboard The veterinarian will take a blood sample She will use a special needle to take the sample She will check the sample under a microscope
  • 44. Common Video Mistakes…..
    • Too much headroom - bad frame
    • Subject in front of bright backlight
    • Shaky camera - no tripod
    • No shot variation - wide shot
    • Insufficient planning - no script
    • lack of pre and post roll
  • 45. Common Audio Mistakes…..
    • using only cam mike
    • mike too far from sound source
    • not monitoring audio
  • 46. Resources for Video Production
    • On KET EncycloMedia:
    • “ Lights, Camera, Action” series
    • On KET-ED Channel:
    • KET Newsquiz —streamed or live airings
    • Making of Grimm’s Fairy Tales (9/4@11am)
    • Hollywood Homeroom series (9/4 @10am)
  • 47. www.ket.org/makingnewsquiz
  • 48. Interview Tips
    • Research the subject thoroughly
    • Consider the knowledge and interest of the audience
    • Prepare a comprehensive list of questions
    • Group related questions and consider the order of importance and interest
    • Describe the purpose beforehand to the subject
  • 49. Interview No-No’s
    • Yes and no questions
    • “ I see” and “Uh-huh”
    • Two-part questions
    • Obvious questions
    • Questions in poor taste
    • Questions that have already been answered
  • 50. Interview Tips
    • Avoid interviewing the subject without the camera before the camera interview
    • LISTEN
    • Ask appropriate follow-up questions
    • Be polite and professional
  • 51. Dressing for Television
    • Choose clothes with simple, clean lines
    • Wear solid colors (blues and teals)
    • Women should apply foundation and wear make-up that emphasizes eyes and lips
    • Avoid white, black, shiny jewelry, and distracting patterns
  • 52. Video Assessment
    • Checklists
    • Storyboards
    • Rubrics
    • Scripts
    • Shot sheets
    • Peer and self-evaluation
  • 53. Roles in Production
    • Executive Producer - Oversees production (Teacher)
    • Producer - Guides idea
    • Director - Guides technical production
    • Associate Producer - Handles details
    • Talent - On-camera host or actor
    • Videographer - Operates camera
  • 54. Everybody is important
  • 55.
    • Missi Baker
    • [email_address]
    • 606.836.0474
    • KET conducts workshops
    • in video production
    • for Kentucky teachers and students.