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Video And Audio Production


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Video And Audio Production

  1. 1. <ul><li>Telling Your Story With Video </li></ul>Reading and Writing Video
  2. 2. You’re Part of the Crew! <ul><li>Producer – oversees project, </li></ul><ul><li>guides idea, works with director </li></ul><ul><li>Director - guides actual production (really calls the shots!) </li></ul><ul><li>Assistant Producer/Assistant Director- finds resources, gets copyright okays, sets schedules, sets up interviews, locations </li></ul><ul><li>Talent - on-camera host, anchor, or actor delivers lines, acts in character, follows director’s cues </li></ul>
  3. 3. Roles in Production <ul><li>Camera person (videographer)– Runs the camera, tells story visually as guided by director </li></ul><ul><li>Sound person (Audio Engineer) – Records and manages sound, chooses music, sound effects </li></ul><ul><li>Scriptwriter – writes scripts & storyboards </li></ul><ul><li>Graphics Designer- Creates text, still images, and animations for onscreen and web use. </li></ul><ul><li>Website Designer- Many programs have websites or are delivered as part of a website. This person creates the site </li></ul>
  4. 4. Safety First! <ul><li>Use a tripod and make sure it is stable </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure camera is tight on tripod </li></ul><ul><li>Watch out for cables </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t point camera at bright light like the sun for long periods </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t try and force tape, data cards or sticks, cables, or attachments into place </li></ul>
  5. 5. Viewfinder (LCD Screen) Lens Assembly Auto Zoom Control Switch Wide Telephoto Inset Detail Auto/Manual Focus Controls W T Battery Compartment Power/ Record Controls Microphone Playback Controls Diagram of a Typical Camcorder
  6. 6. Close up of Controls (location of these will vary from camera to camera) Diagram of a Typical Camcorder Viewfinder Menu Access Mode Control Camera/Play Audio Video Port Record Button
  7. 7. Production <ul><li>Scenes are rehearsed, performed by talent, and taped </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting video (B-roll) is also shot to </li></ul><ul><li>“ cover” audio (the sound) and natural audio is captured </li></ul><ul><li>Video/audio clips are logged and labeled </li></ul>
  8. 8. The First Rule of Video Production No matter how good your equipment, editing, and graphics… Garbage In! Garbage Out! It takes high quality audio/video to make a good production!
  9. 9. Telling Your Story With Shots
  10. 10. Basic Shot Types Close-up (CU) Wide Shot (WS) Medium Shot (Med)
  11. 11. Shot Purposes <ul><li>Close-up/Extreme CU shots- “tell” what characters look like, show emotions, point out details </li></ul><ul><li>Medium shots- create comfortable “talking” distance </li></ul><ul><li>Wide Shots- Show setting or action. </li></ul><ul><li>Point of View (POV) shot lets viewer </li></ul><ul><li>“ see” through a character’s eyes </li></ul>
  12. 12. How To Frame A Shot ( Subject Facing Camera) Subject can be centered Headroom
  13. 13. How to Frame A Shot (Subject looking to one side) Headroom Give lead or “ talking” room
  14. 14. How to Frame A Shot Using the Rule of Thirds Place most interesting part of subject where lines cross. Notice body and eyes lie along these lines instead of picture’s center. 1 2 3 1 2 3
  15. 15. ZOOMING! <ul><li>Zoom – Zooming in or out can be used to “guide” viewer through a scene but should not be overused to avoid audience “seasickness” </li></ul>
  16. 16. Using Angles <ul><li>Bird’s Eye (High angle) </li></ul><ul><li>shots make characters or objects look small or weak </li></ul><ul><li>Worm’s Eye (low angle) shots make characters look big or strong </li></ul>
  17. 17. Camera Tips <ul><li>Use a tripod </li></ul><ul><li>Place camera so greatest light is at camera person’s back </li></ul><ul><li>Use focus and white balance controls </li></ul><ul><li>Practice camera moves (blocking shots) </li></ul><ul><li>Frame shots and moves with purpose </li></ul>
  18. 18. Camera Tips (continued) <ul><li>Vary shots </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t overuse zoom </li></ul><ul><li>Be sure to lay down pre and post-roll </li></ul><ul><li>Correct roll-back (only on tape cameras) </li></ul>
  19. 19. Don’t do This! The “witness Protection” shot <ul><li>When shooting don’t place your subject in front of a strong light like a window, lamp, mirror, etc. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Common Video Mistakes….. <ul><li>Too much headroom - bad framing </li></ul><ul><li>Subject in front of bright backlight </li></ul><ul><li>Shaky camera - no tripod </li></ul><ul><li>No shot variety- wide shot </li></ul><ul><li>lack of planning - no script </li></ul><ul><li>lack of pre and post roll </li></ul>
  21. 21. Audio Track Parts <ul><li>Talking </li></ul><ul><li>Sound effects </li></ul><ul><li>Music </li></ul><ul><li>Natural sound </li></ul>
  22. 22. Audio Tips <ul><li>Use headphones to listen to sound quality </li></ul><ul><li>Choose microphones based on project needs </li></ul><ul><li>Place microphone right distance from source </li></ul><ul><li>When using built-in microphone move closer and zoom out </li></ul><ul><li>Listen for and control distracting background noise </li></ul>
  23. 23. Common Audio Mistakes….. <ul><li>using only cam mike </li></ul><ul><li>mike too far from sound source </li></ul><ul><li>not monitoring (listening to) audio </li></ul>
  24. 24. On-Air Tips for Talent <ul><li>Make sure ahead of time that you can read and properly pronounce words (especially people’s names) </li></ul><ul><li>Wait for your cue before speaking </li></ul><ul><li>Smile! (when it feels right) </li></ul>
  25. 25. On-Air Tips for Talent <ul><li>When addressing audience, look into camera when speaking as much as possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Hold objects you are speaking about close to face when possible so it is easy to frame shot (spokesmodel pose) </li></ul><ul><li>Speak clearly, projecting your voice toward the microphone </li></ul>
  26. 26. Interview Tips <ul><li>Write a focus sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Research the subject </li></ul><ul><li>Target your audience correctly </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare a complete list of questions </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the purpose to the subject before the interview </li></ul>
  27. 27. Interview Tips <ul><li>Don’t interview the subject without the camera before the actual interview </li></ul><ul><li>LISTEN </li></ul><ul><li>Ask good follow-up questions </li></ul><ul><li>Be polite and professional </li></ul>
  28. 28. Interview No-No’s <ul><li>Yes and no questions </li></ul><ul><li>“ I see” and “Uh-huh” </li></ul><ul><li>Two-part questions </li></ul><ul><li>Obvious questions </li></ul><ul><li>Questions in poor taste </li></ul><ul><li>Questions that have already been answered </li></ul>
  29. 29. You may use this PowerPoint in whole or in part but please cite KET as the source!