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Civil rights legislation

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  • 1. Civil Rights Legislation
  • 2. Civil Rights: Rights of full citizenship and equality under the law.
  • 3. 13 th Amendment Abolished Slavery 14 th Amendment Guaranteed Equal Protection Under the Law 15 th Amendment Gave African-Americans the right to vote
  • 4. Supreme Court Decisions
    • Dred Scott (1857): Declared African-Americans were not and could never become citizens of the United States
    • Plessy vs. Ferguson (1896): Declared segregation was legal as long as the facilities offered both races were equal. Became known as the Separate But Equal Doctrine.
    • Brown vs. Board of Education (1954): Declared that segregation by race was unconstitutional.
  • 5. Little Rock Nine were nine students who attended Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas despite violent protests.
  • 6.
    • Students were initially prevented from entering the formerly racially segregated school by the Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus.
    • Finally, President Eisenhower ordered the Governor to allow the students to attend. The students had to be escorted by the Arkansas National Guard
  • 7.  
  • 8.  
  • 9.  
  • 10.  
  • 11.  
  • 12. Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968)
    • Baptist Minister
    • Nonviolent resistance
    • Youngest man to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
    • Assassinated in 1968
  • 13. Rosa Parks (1913-2005)
    • Refused to give up her seat to a white man
    • Arrested
    • Montgomery Bus Boycott
  • 14. Malcolm X- Born Malcolm Little (1925-1965)
    • Advocated black pride and economic self-reliance
    • Black Muslim Minister
    • “ X” symbolized rejection of slave names
    • Once a powerful member of the nation of Islam
    • Changed ways and was assassinated
  • 15. President John F. Kennedy (1917-1963)
    • Proposed the Civil Rights Act
    • Assassinated in 1963
  • 16. President Lyndon B. Johnson (1908-1973)
    • Pushed for passage of Civil Rights Act of 1965
    • Pushed for Voting Rights Act
    • Nominated the first African-American to the Supreme Court, Thurgood Marshall
  • 17. Civil Disobedience: A peaceful way to object to a law considered unjust.
  • 18. Sit-ins: Protests which involved African-Americans sitting at lunch counters and refusing to move until they had been served.
  • 19.  
  • 20.  
  • 21. Marches: peaceful forms of protest in which African-Americans and sympathetic Caucasians marched together to show unity.