Civil rights legislation

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Civil rights legislation

  1. 1. Civil Rights Legislation
  2. 2. Civil Rights: Rights of full citizenship and equality under the law.
  3. 3. 13 th Amendment Abolished Slavery 14 th Amendment Guaranteed Equal Protection Under the Law 15 th Amendment Gave African-Americans the right to vote
  4. 4. Supreme Court Decisions <ul><li>Dred Scott (1857): Declared African-Americans were not and could never become citizens of the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Plessy vs. Ferguson (1896): Declared segregation was legal as long as the facilities offered both races were equal. Became known as the Separate But Equal Doctrine. </li></ul><ul><li>Brown vs. Board of Education (1954): Declared that segregation by race was unconstitutional. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Little Rock Nine were nine students who attended Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas despite violent protests.
  6. 6. <ul><li>Students were initially prevented from entering the formerly racially segregated school by the Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus. </li></ul><ul><li>Finally, President Eisenhower ordered the Governor to allow the students to attend. The students had to be escorted by the Arkansas National Guard </li></ul>
  7. 12. Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968) <ul><li>Baptist Minister </li></ul><ul><li>Nonviolent resistance </li></ul><ul><li>Youngest man to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize </li></ul><ul><li>Assassinated in 1968 </li></ul>
  8. 13. Rosa Parks (1913-2005) <ul><li>Refused to give up her seat to a white man </li></ul><ul><li>Arrested </li></ul><ul><li>Montgomery Bus Boycott </li></ul>
  9. 14. Malcolm X- Born Malcolm Little (1925-1965) <ul><li>Advocated black pride and economic self-reliance </li></ul><ul><li>Black Muslim Minister </li></ul><ul><li>“ X” symbolized rejection of slave names </li></ul><ul><li>Once a powerful member of the nation of Islam </li></ul><ul><li>Changed ways and was assassinated </li></ul>
  10. 15. President John F. Kennedy (1917-1963) <ul><li>Proposed the Civil Rights Act </li></ul><ul><li>Assassinated in 1963 </li></ul>
  11. 16. President Lyndon B. Johnson (1908-1973) <ul><li>Pushed for passage of Civil Rights Act of 1965 </li></ul><ul><li>Pushed for Voting Rights Act </li></ul><ul><li>Nominated the first African-American to the Supreme Court, Thurgood Marshall </li></ul>
  12. 17. Civil Disobedience: A peaceful way to object to a law considered unjust.
  13. 18. Sit-ins: Protests which involved African-Americans sitting at lunch counters and refusing to move until they had been served.
  14. 21. Marches: peaceful forms of protest in which African-Americans and sympathetic Caucasians marched together to show unity.

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