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Civil Rights


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Civil Rights

  1. 1. Civil Rights
  2. 2. <ul><li>What do you know about the civil rights movement? </li></ul><ul><li>What are civil rights? </li></ul><ul><li>Who was involved? </li></ul><ul><li>What events took place? </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>“ We are here in a general sense because first and foremost we are American citizens, and are determined to apply our citizenship to the fullness of its means. You know, my friends, there comes a time when people get tired of being trampled over by the iron feet of oppression.” </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Martin Luther King, December 5, 1955 </li></ul><ul><li>How can you apply citizenship to the fullest? </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>1865 - 13th Amendment- abolishes slavery. </li></ul><ul><li>1868 - 14th Amendment- gives full citizenship to all people born or naturalized in the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>1870 - 15th Amendment- gives African-American men the right to vote. </li></ul><ul><li>1896 - Plessy v. Ferguson - Supreme Court establishes the “separate but equal” doctrine for public facilities. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>1948 - Executive Order #9981- President Truman orders the desegregation of the armed forces. </li></ul><ul><li>1950 - McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents - Supreme Court rules that the University of Oklahoma violated the 14th Amendment by segregating an African American graduate student within classrooms, in the cafeteria, and at the library. </li></ul><ul><li>Sweatt v. Painter – Supreme Court rules that a hastily established law school for African Americans does not meet the standard of “separate but equal.” </li></ul><ul><li>1954 - Brown v. Board of Education - Supreme Court declares segregation in public schools unconstitutional. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Events of civil rights <ul><li>1954 – Brown v Board of Education </li></ul><ul><li>1955 – Montgomery Bus boycott </li></ul><ul><li>1957 – Little Rock Nine </li></ul><ul><li>1963 – “I have a dream speech” </li></ul><ul><li>1964 – Civil Rights Act of 1964 </li></ul><ul><li>1965 – Voting Rights Act of 1965 </li></ul><ul><li>1968 – Civil Rights Act of 1968 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Non-violent protest <ul><li>Sit ins </li></ul><ul><li>Boycotts </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom rides </li></ul><ul><li>Marches </li></ul>
  8. 8. Violent protest <ul><li>Nation of Islam – Led by Elijah Muhammad in the early 1930’s. Called African Americans to be disciplined and to not rely on the government for assistance. Membership grew from 8000 in 1930 to 100,000 in 1970 </li></ul>
  9. 9. Malcolm X <ul><li>Malcolm X – Born Malcolm Little in 1925. Father was killed in a racially motivated murder. </li></ul><ul><li>Sent to prison and became a Black Muslim. </li></ul><ul><li>Called for freedom “by any means necessary” </li></ul>
  10. 10. Malcolm X <ul><li>Visited Mecca in 1964 and broke with Black Muslim views and gained a more peaceful outlook. </li></ul><ul><li>“ We will work with anyone, no matter what their color is, as long as they are interested in taking the steps necessary to bring an end to the injustices…in this country” </li></ul><ul><li>Killed by three Black Muslims in 1965 </li></ul>
  11. 11. Black Panthers <ul><li>The “Black Power” message led to the creation of the Black Panthers a political power movement. </li></ul><ul><li>Believed “black people wont be free unless we are free to determine our own destiny”. </li></ul><ul><li>Involved in many publicized gun fights with police and often went in public armed. </li></ul>