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CFI Workshop - Module 4 Transportation Security Administration

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CFI Workshop - Module 4 Transportation Security Administration

CFI Workshop - Module 4 Transportation Security Administration

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  • Bob Newell April, 2011 405-951-4278 [email_address] Lisa Weightman (TSA HQ Point of Contact) February, 2011 [email_address] 571-227-5764
  • The TSA interim final rule provides 2 compliance dates: Flight training in aircraft with MTOW greater than 12,500 lbs effective 10/05/2004 Flight training in aircraft with MTOW of 12,500 lbs or less effective 10/20/2004
  • FTP- Flight Training Provider
  • Details about the TSA and the various GA security programs are available at the TSA Web site. At the main TSA Web site, search for flight training FTP@dhs.gov enables CFIs to email questions regarding the program to TSA Headquarters Staff
  • TSA’s definitions of flight training
  • MTOW >12,500: This training typically applies to Part 142 Training Centers
  • All non-US citizens must comply with the provisions of the AFSP prior to beginning flight training. Flight schools and instructors also must comply with the appropriate provisions. TSA Web Site: www.tsa.gov includes links to online application process, FAQs, and help.
  • This Letter of interpretation is available on the TSA web site and this excerpt is from 49 CFR 1552.1.
  • This Letter of interpretation is available on the TSA web site and this excerpt is from 49 CFR 1552.1.
  • This Letter of interpretation is available on the TSA web site and this excerpt is from 49 CFR 1552.1.
  • TSA has issued Title 49 of the United States Code of Federal Regulations Part 1552 that prohibits a flight school from providing flight training in an aircraft or aircraft simulator to non US Citizens unless the flight school or the candidate submits certain information to TSA. TSA will then determine that the candidate is not a threat to aviation or national security.
  • Make sure the photo is taken on the first day of training and it is A DIGITAL PHOTO. (Additional record-keeping requirements apply and will be addressed in later slides)
  • Application fees apply each time a candidate completes a new request.
  • TSA Web Site: www.tsa.gov includes links to online application process, FAQs, and help. Documents must be provided via the TSA internet connections
  • TSA Web site has separate sections for flight schools and students, plus phone and email contacts for help and further information.
  • Exempt individuals do not need to apply to the AFSP US Citizens and Nationals must provide proof of citizenship
  • Example: The FAA, other government agencies and the military can train their pilots pursuant to a contract with a public flight school or flight training center (simulator training) Example: DOD endorsees are typically foreign military pilots who are in the U.S. performing military functions but seek out FAA ratings
  • This is for US citizens only, logbook entries do not apply to alien candidates
  • *TSA Inspectors are not INS experts. TSA does not have the regulatory authority or expertise to make decisions on the suitability of visas. Therefore visa issues are handled by the appropriate agency when notified by TSA. Typically visas are not reviewed by the AFSP unless additional derogatory information is otherwise obtained.
  • AFSP registered flight school providers will have access to all of the candidates information via the provider website. However, hard copies of candidates passport, visa, current pilot certificate and photo need to be retained for 5 years.
  • *Completed within 1 calendar month before and 1 calendar month after the month that the individual’s recurrent training is due. The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) issued an exemption to this requirement to allow completion of the first recurrent FSSA training module within 18 months of the date of initial FSSA training. That exemption expired January 1, 2007.
  • AOPA (Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association) has many excellent background and training resources about aviation and airport security on its Web site. Keep a copy of your initial certificate and recurrent certificate. TSA inspectors will want to look at these during their inspection.
  • The checklist for TSA inspections is available in a printer-friendly version on the AOPA website
  • 15 minute Q&A, then on to a Quiz.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Presented to: Instructors and Pilot Examiners Date: July 1, 2011 By: The FAA Safety Team Federal Aviation AdministrationFAASTeamFAASTeam CFI Workshop #4CFI Workshop #4 Module 4, Core Topic 7 The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) In collaboration with TSA HQ Flight Training Provider Branch
    • 2. 2Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 Core Topic 7: TSA Objectives: • Learn which airman certificates and training are of security interest to the TSA • Review and understand requirements for citizenship verification and record-keeping • Review and Understand the Alien Flight Training Program, and record-keeping • Review TSA security awareness training requirements for certain Flight Training Provider (FTP) employees Are all of your students registered at FAASafety.gov?
    • 3. 3Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 TSA’s Roles and Responsibilities Aviation and Transportation Security Act • Enacted 11/19/2001, Created a new Federal Agency, the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) • 02/11/2003: Department of Justice rule went into effect for training in aircraft with a maximum take-off weight (MTOW) of 12,500 pounds or more • 10/05/2004:TSA assumed responsibility for aviation security
    • 4. 4Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 TSA Regulation Part 1552 49 CFR 1552 (October 20, 2004) • This rule outlines Flight Training for Aliens and Other Designated Individuals and Security Awareness Training for FTPs and Employees • Establishes standards relating to the security threat assessment process that TSA conducts to determine whether such individuals are a threat to aviation or national security, and thus are prohibited from receiving flight training.
    • 5. 5Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 TSA’s Roles and Responsibilities • Establishes requirements for FTPs: – Verification of U.S. citizenship – Initial approval as provider of flight training to aliens – Initial and recurrent training for instructors – Record keeping for flight schools and instructors • Conduct inspections to verify compliance – All FTPs must keep required records and make them available to the TSA upon request – Records must be kept for 5 years
    • 6. 6Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 Information at TSA • www.tsa.gov • FTP@tsa.dhs.gov
    • 7. 7Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 Flight Training • For aircraft with a maximum take-off weight (MTOW) 12,500 pounds or less, rule applies only to flight training for: • Recreational pilot certificate • Sport pilot certificate • Private pilot certificate • Commercial certificate only if issued as an initial certificate • Instrument rating • Multiengine rating • Training for each pilot certificate or rating requires a separate training request from Alien Candidates
    • 8. 8Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 Flight Training • For aircraft with a MTOW of greater than 12,500 pounds: • This includes flight simulator, and in-flight training, but not the provision of training manuals or other materials or mechanical training that would not enable the trainee to operate such an aircraft in flight Note: Flight instruction in the operation of airships, balloons, or gliders are exempt from this rule
    • 9. 9Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 TSA Alien Flight Student Program • Alien: Any person not a citizen or national of the United States. – A U.S. National is a citizen of Swains Island or U.S. Samoa, – A citizen of the Philippines prior to 1946 – Born to a non-U.S. citizen of the Panama Canal Zone prior to 1979 • Alien also refers to permanent resident aliens (green-card holders) and visa holders in the United States
    • 10. 10Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011
    • 11. 11Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 What about Recurrent Training? • A letter of Interpretation dated October 1, 2010, defines the term “recurrent training,” as periodic training required under 14 CFR part 61, 121, 135 or Subpart K of part 91. • Recurrent training does not include training that would enable a candidate who has a certificate for a particular aircraft to receive a certificate or type rating for another aircraft.
    • 12. 12Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 What is not considered as recurrent training? The following examples are not considered recurrent training, rather they are checks or tests, or they do not affect the validity of the certificate(s) and or qualifications of a type rating. And, do not require the submission of a Category 4 request.
    • 13. 13Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 • Instrument Proficiency Check, 14CFR 61.57(d) • Heads Up Display (HUD) Training, FAA AFS-205, Flight Simulator Training Device (FSTD) Guidance Bulletin 03-02 • Enhanced Vision System (EVS) Qualification, FAA AFS-205, FSTD Guidance Bulletin 03-03 • Line Oriented Flight Training (LOFT), FAA Advisory Circular AC-120-51E • Operator Specific Proficiency Checks, 14 CFR 121.441, 135.301 and ………………….
    • 14. 14Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 • Landing Currency, 14 CFR 61.57 • Category I/II Qualification, 14 CFR 61.67 • Special Airport Qualification, 14 CFR 121.445 • Examiner Training, 14 CFR 183.23 • Differences Training, FAA Handbook, Section 9, Chapter 19 Volume 3 • Training Center Instructors, Not a U.S. Citizen Assisting with a training event.
    • 15. 15Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 What are the four (4) categories of Training Pilots? OVERVIEW - TSA has issued Title 49 of the United States Code of Federal Regulations Part 1552 that prohibits a flight school from providing flight training in an aircraft or aircraft simulator to non US Citizens unless the flight school or the candidate submits certain information to TSA. TSA will then determine that the candidate is not a threat to aviation or national security. For each Category of Training pilots must create or update their TSA account at: www.flightschoolcandidates.gov Under this Rule, there are four categories of candidates:
    • 16. 16Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 • Category 1: is for pilots who do not have a heavy type rating (over 12,500 lbs.) on their FAA or foreign airman certificate. Initial Type Rating TSA Approval Process • Category 2: is for pilots who do have a heavy type rating (over 12,500 lbs.) on their FAA or foreign airman certificate, but are training in an aircraft they are not currently qualified in. Initial Type Rating TSA Approval Process • Category 3: is for pilots training in any aircraft with a MTOW of 12,500 lbs. or less. (Note: in many cases Category 3 is waived and no TSA application is required. Check with your learning center). • Category 4: is for pilots who are training in aircraft they are already qualified in, for example recurrent training. No fingerprints are required. Recurrent TSA Approval Process
    • 17. 17Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 TSA Alien Flight Student Program • A candidate must not submit fingerprints until the AFSP acknowledges receipt payment of the required fee • A candidate’s flight training must be initiated within 180 days of receipt of AFSP approval to train. • A candidate must complete his/her flight training within 365 days of receipt of AFSP approval to train. • Detailed procedures are on the TSA AFSP Web sites.
    • 18. 18Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 TSA Alien Flight Student Program • An application fee of $130 for the background check is required • $70 (as of May 2009) for Recurrent Training. • Flight Training Providers (FTP) must : – Verify a candidate’s training request – Submit a digital photo taken of the candidate on the day the student reports for training to verify the student’s identity. – Respond to any AFSP email requests regarding the application process
    • 19. 19Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 TSA Alien Flight Student Program • Prior to providing training to any alien, a FTP must establish an AFSP account at: https://www.flightschoolcandidates.gov • Prior to obtaining flight training, an alien must apply online through the AFSP Web site and provide: – Biographical information – Security documents, including passport copies – Specific information about desired training events – Fingerprints • TSA does not accept documents via regular US mail.
    • 20. 20Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 TSA Alien Flight Student Program • Candidates https://www.flightschoolcandidates.gov • Providers https://www.flightschoolcandidates.gov/fsindex.html • AFSP Help Desk Phone: (571) 227-4544 • AFSP email: AFSP.help@dhs.gov • For compliance and enforcement issues: FTP@tsa.dhs.gov
    • 21. 21Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 US Citizens and Nationals • U.S. Citizens and Nationals are exempt from the TSA security threat assessment. • Flight students must provide a FTP with one of the following proofs of U.S. citizenship: – Valid, unexpired U.S. passport; or – Certified birth certificate AND government-issued photo ID; or – U.S naturalization certificate with raised seal AND government-issued photo ID; or – Certificate of U.S. citizenship with raised seal AND government-issued photo ID
    • 22. 22Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 Federal Employees and D.O.D. Endorsees • Federal employees (including military personnel) training pursuant to a contract between a federal agency and a flight school: – Agency's written certification as to it’s employees citizenship AND employee’s government-issued credentials or federally-issued picture ID • Department of Defense Endorsees: -Individual must present to the flight school a written statement acceptable to TSA from the U.S. D.O.D. attaché in the individual’s country of residence together with a government-issued picture ID
    • 23. 23Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 FTP Recordkeeping for US Citizens and Nationals • An FTP must keep for five years a copy of the documents that are used to prove U.S. citizenship, OR • make an endorsement in both the student’s AND the instructor's logbook, or other record routinely used by the instructor to record flight student endorsements • NOTE: If the endorsement is made by a CFI and that CFI terminates employment with that FTP, the FTP must retain a copy of the records used to verify citizenship continued ……………..
    • 24. 24Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 FTP Recordkeeping (cont.) • If logbook entry method is used, the FTP must endorse the student's logbook and instructor’s logbook as follows: – I certify that [insert student's name] has presented me a [insert type of document presented, such as a U.S. birth certificate or U.S. passport, and the relevant control or sequential number on the document, if any] establishing that [he or she] is a U.S. citizen or national in accordance with 49 CFR 1552.3(h). [Insert date and instructor's signature and CFI number.] – The FTP must enter the type of document(s) and document ID number of each document used for verification
    • 25. 25Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 FTP Recordkeeping for Alien Candidates • The FTP must keep a record of the following for five years for each alien candidate: – The photograph it took of the candidate. – A copy of the approval email sent by the AFSP confirming the candidate's eligibility for flight training. – A copy of candidate's valid, unexpired passport and visa (if applicable)* – A copy of all information submitted to the AFSP by the candidate except the fingerprints continued …………….
    • 26. 26Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 FTP Recordkeeping (cont.) • Records for alien students (cont.) – Copy of all previous passports and visas held by the candidate and all the information necessary to obtain a passport and visa. – Candidate's country of birth, current country or countries of citizenship, and each previous country of citizenship, if any. – Candidate's requested dates, type, and location of training. continued ……………..
    • 27. 27Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 FTP Recordkeeping (cont.) • Records for alien students (cont.) – The candidate's current U.S. pilot certificate and certificate number (if any). – For DOD endorsees, a copy of the required written statement/letter and a copy of a picture ID
    • 28. 28Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 Security Awareness Training • A flight school must ensure that each employee receives initial security awareness training within 60 days of being hired • This applies only to employees having direct or substantial contact with flight students • Training is available via an online course at www.tsa.gov – click on “what we do” tab at top of page then click TSNM on left side, then General Aviation, and then training • Each person required to take initial training must complete recurrent training annually. Note: Completed within 1 calendar month before and 1 calendar month after the month that the individual’s recurrent training is due.
    • 29. 29Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 Recurrent Security Awareness Training The AOPA offers a general aviation security on-line course that may be used to satisfy the initial and recurrent Flight School Security Awareness Training http://flash.aopa.org/asf/gasecurity/gasecurity.cfm In accordance with 1552.23(d) 1,2(i)-(iv) When using this course to satisfy the requirements for recurrent security awareness training, individuals must on their own review (1) any new security measures or procedures implemented by the flight school; and (2) any security incidents at the flight school and any lessons learned as a result of such incidents.
    • 30. 30Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 TSA Resources • Department of State-USCIS-VISA INFO http://travel.state.gov/visa/temp/types/types_1268.html • Fingerprint Provider Locations http://www.tsc-csc.com/printoffices/ • TSA-Access General Aviation • Waiver FORMS • Twelve Five Rule • Private Charter Rule • GA Hotline http:// www.tsa.gov/what_we_do/tsnm/general_aviation/index.shtm
    • 31. 31Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 AOPA Additional Resources • AOPA has partnered with the TSA to develop a nationwide Airport Watch Program that uses the more than 650,000 pilots as eyes and ears for observing and reporting suspicious activity. • Participate with your fellow pilots in the safekeeping of general aviation’s local neighborhoods—our home airports. Report suspicious activity to 866/GA-SECURE (866/427-3287).
    • 32. 32Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 QUIZ
    • 33. 33Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 Transportation Security Administration (TSA) Quiz 1. A Flight School must ensure that a. Each student receives initial and recurrent security awareness training. b. Each student and instructor receives initial and recurrent security awareness training. c. Each person operating on the airport receives initial and recurrent security awareness training. d. Each flight school employee receives initial and recurrent security awareness training.
    • 34. 34Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 2. Which of the following is not considered behavior that may be considered suspicious? a. Refusal to pay for instruction received. b. Unusual questions or interest regarding aircraft capabilities. c. Sudden termination of the customer’s instruction d. Loitering
    • 35. 35Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 3. Where can you find a FREE, initial or recurrent approved Security Awareness Training course for Certified Flight Instructors or flight school employees? a. TSA web site (www.TSA.gov) or www.AOPA.org b. Local District Office c. Customs and Border Patrol d. Immigrations and Alien certifications
    • 36. 36Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 4. Initial Flight Schools Security Awareness (FSSA) Training for flight instructors, or flight school employees hired after January 18, 2005, training must be completed with a specified period of time; and retraining completed during the month of hire every year thereafter. The specified period of time is: a. 30 days b. 60 days c. 90 days d. 120 days answers follow ……………
    • 37. 37Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 1. A Flight School must ensure that a. Each student receives initial and recurrent security awareness training. b. Each student and instructor receives initial and recurrent security awareness training. c. Each person operating on the airport receives initial and recurrent security awareness training. d. Each flight school employee receives initial and recurrent security awareness training. d. Each flight school employee TSR 1552
    • 38. 38Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 2. Which of the following is not considered behavior that may be considered suspicious? a. Refusal to pay for instruction received. b. Unusual questions or interest regarding aircraft capabilities. c. Sudden termination of the customer’s instruction d. Loitering a. Refusal to pay TSR 1552
    • 39. 39Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 3. Where can you find a FREE, initial or recurrent approved Security Awareness Training course for Certified Flight Instructors or flight school employees? a. TSA web site (www.TSA.gov) or www.AOPA.org b. Local District Office c. Customs and Border Patrol d. Immigrations and Alien certifications a. TSA web site (www.TSA.gov) or www.AOPA.org
    • 40. 40Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 4. Initial Flight Schools Security Awareness (FSSA) Training for flight instructors, or flight school employees hired after January 18, 2005, training must be completed with a specified period of time; and retraining completed during the month of hire every year thereafter. The specified period of time is: a. 30 days b. 60 days c. 90 days d. 120 days b. 60 days - FSSA on-line training or CD can be also obtained at www.tsa.gov
    • 41. 41Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #4 July 1, 2011 B R E A