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CFI Workshop - Module 3 Sport Pilot

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CFI Workshop - Module 3 Sport Pilot

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CFI Workshop - Module 3 Sport Pilot

  1. 1. Presented to: The FAASTeam CFI Workshops By: The FAASTeam Date: April 2011 Federal Aviation Administration CFI WORKSHOP MODULE 3 Core Topic #6 SPORT PILOT
  2. 2. 2Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot OBJECTIVE This presentation will familiarize Flight Instructors with Light Sport Aircraft and Light Sport Pilots. Upon completion, participants will have knowledge of this subject and directions to rules and other sources of important information. Light Sport Aviation is growing and it is essential that the nation’s certified flight instructors and other aviation professionals become involved.
  3. 3. 3Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot SPORT PILOT OVERVIEW In September 2004, the FAA enacted the final rule establishing the Light Sport Category of aircraft and the Sport Pilot Certificate. This rule inaugurated a new realm of aviation to bring flying to a wider group of participants and establish safety standards at an acceptable level.
  4. 4. Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot 5 AIRCRAFT CATEGORY AND CLASS OF LSA AIRPLANE LAND+SEA WEIGHT-SHIFT CONTROL LAND+SEA (“TRIKES”) GYROPLANE POWERED PARACHUTE GLIDERBALLOON + AIRSHIP
  5. 5. Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot 6 AIRCRAFT CATEGORY AND CLASS OF LSA AIRPLANE LAND+SEA WEIGHT-SHIFT CONTROL LAND+SEA (“TRIKES”) GYROPLANE POWERED PARACHUTE GLIDERBALLOON + AIRSHIP
  6. 6. 7Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot Image from: “A CFI’s Guide To Sport Pilot and Light Sport Aircraft.” – Produced for NAFI by Aviation Supplies & Academics, Inc (ASA), 2010.
  7. 7. 8Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot LIGHT SPORT AIRCRAFT (LSA) CERTIFICATION • Factory built and “Ready To Fly”. • Manufactured to consensus standards. • See 14 CFR 91.327 for Operating Limitations and Maintenance Requirements. SPECIAL LIGHT SPORT (S-LSA) AIRWORTHINESS CERTIFICATES (14 CFR 21.190)
  8. 8. 9Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot EXPERIMENTAL LIGHT SPORT AIRCRAFT (LSA) CERTIFICATION • Built from qualified E-LSA Kit. • Built in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions. • See 14 CFR 91.319 for Operating Limitations and Maintenance Requirements. EXPERIMENTAL LIGHT SPORT E-LSA (14 CFR 21.191i)
  9. 9. 10Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot • Type certificated aircraft that meet the definition of Light Sport (14 CFR 1). • Examples include Piper J-3, Ercoupe 415-C, Aeronca 7-AC. • EAA website link for complete listing: www.sportpilot.org/learn/aircraft.html STANDARD CATEGORY AIRCRAFT LIGHT SPORT AIRCRAFT (LSA) CERTIFICATION
  10. 10. 11Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot LIGHT SPORT AIRCRAFT (LSA) CERTIFICATION • Built by a person for education or recreation. • At least 51% of assembly / construction by the private builder. • May be eligible for LSA operation if: (meets definition Light Sport 14 CFR 1). • See 14 CFR 91.319 for Operating Limitations and Maintenance Requirements. EXPERIMENTAL AMATEUR BUILT (14 CFR 21.191g)
  11. 11. 12Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot TRUE OR FALSE DISCUSSION: IS THIS A LSA? ERCOUPE 415-C STANDARD DATA: Seats 2. Gross wt. 1,260. Empty wt. 749. Fuel capacity 14. Engine 75 HP flat-4. PERFORMANCE: Top speed 96 kts. Cruise 83 kts. Stall 42 kts. Initial climb rate 550. Ceiling 13,000. Range 261 nm. ADDITIONAL DISCUSSION: What is VH in this aircraft? What endorsement is required? OK to fly all other LSA aircraft? § Part 1.1 § 61.321 § 61.303
  12. 12. 13Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot TRUE OR FALSE DISCUSSION: IS THIS A LSA? CESSNA 150 STANDARD DATA: Seats 2. Gross wt. 1,600. Empty wt. 1060. Fuel capacity 26. Engine 100 HP Continental. PERFORMANCE: Top speed 106 kts. Cruise 85 kts. Stall 42 kts. Initial climb rate 670. Ceiling 12,650. Range 303 nm. § Part 1.1 § 61.321
  13. 13. 14Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot TRUE OR FALSE DISCUSSION: IS THIS A LSA? PIPER J-3 ON FLOATS STANDARD DATA: Seats 2. Gross wt. 1,220. Empty wt. 680. Fuel capacity 9. Engine 65 HP Continental. PERFORMANCE: Top speed 76 kts. Cruise 65 kts. Stall 33 kts. Initial climb rate 450. Ceiling 11,500. Range 191 nm. § Part 1.1 § 61.321
  14. 14. 16Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot WHO CAN FLY UNDER THE SPORT PILOT RULE? Pilots holding Sport Pilot Certificates. Pilots with Recreation or higher level privileges. Requirements are found in 14 CFR 61 Subpart J.
  15. 15. 17Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot MEDICAL REQUIREMENTS UNDER SPORT PILOT RULE See 14 CFR 61.303 for specific requirements. No medical certification requirements for gliders or balloons. For other aircraft, a valid US Drivers License. Not know or have reason to know of a medical condition that would make the pilot unable to operate the LSA in a safe manner.
  16. 16. 18Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot CONDITIONS RELATED TO PREVIOUS FAA MEDICAL CERTIFICATION If the pilot previously applied for an FAA Medical, he / she must have been eligible for issuance on their most recent application. Must not have had their most recent FAA medical denied, suspended or revoked. Must not have had their most recent Special Issuance/Medical Certificate withdrawn.
  17. 17. 19Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot MEDICAL REQUIREMENTS UNDER SPORT PILOT RULE Eligibility, Knowledge, and Flight Proficiency. Aeronautical Experience. Endorsements. Privileges and Limits.
  18. 18. 20Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot HOURS FOR INITIAL CERTIFICATION SPORT PILOT vs PRIVATE PILOT:
  19. 19. 21Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot DAY NIGHT IFR (Instrument Rated) PRIVATE vs SPORT PILOT LIMITATIONS: WEATHER VFR (less than 3mi vis) VFR (above clouds) VFR (greater than 3mi vis)
  20. 20. 22Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot PRIVATE vs SPORT PILOT LIMITATIONS: AIRSPACE CLASS A (Instrument Rated) CLASS B, C, D (Sport needs endorsement) ABOVE 10,000 MSL (Sport ok if 2,000’ AGL or less) CLASS E, G
  21. 21. 23Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot SPORT PILOT LIMITATIONS: TYPE OF FLIGHTS CHARITABLE SALES DEMOS Watch This! CROSS COUNTRY PASSENG ERS (Sport: only ONE) BUSINES S TOWING (UL or LSA glider)
  22. 22. 25Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot WHO MAY INSTRUCT SPORT PILOTS? Flight Instructors holding certificates issued under 14 CFR Subpart H. Sport Pilot Instructors holding certificates issued under 14 CFR Subpart K.
  23. 23. 26Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot Must refer to 14 CFR 61.429 for guidance. Must have appropriate category and class ratings – or equivalent light sport privileges. Must be acting as a light sport instructor while exercising these privileges. SUBPART H FLIGHT INSTRUCTORS EXERCISING SPORT PILOT INSTRUCTOR PRIVILEGES
  24. 24. 27Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot CAN A LIGHT SPORT INSTRUCTOR CONDUCT A PROFICIENCY CHECK? YES! A Light Sport Instructor can conduct a proficiency check for additional category or class privilege at the Light Sport level (see 14 CFR 61.321). The instruction and check flight must be performed by separate instructors. The instructor who conducts the check must submit documentation to the FAA.
  25. 25. 28Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot WHAT FLIGHT INSTRUCTORS SHOULD KNOW • VH = Maximum speed in level flight at maximum continuous power. • This V speed is important for Sport Pilot endorsement §61.327: • Aircraft VH less than 87kts CAS • Aircraft VH greater than 87kts CAS • Remember: initial sport pilot certificate requires fewer hours! When a sport pilot requests more privileges or flying other LSA makes/models, more training & individual endorsements are required • A CFI may not conduct instruction in an experimental aircraft that he or she provides unless a letter of deviation authorization (LODA) is received from a FSDO. VH AND SPORT PILOT ENDORSEMENTS
  26. 26. 29Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot WHAT FLIGHT INSTRUCTORS SHOULD KNOW • Meet minimum eligibility requirements (61.305) • Receive appropriate training for ground and flight (61.309, 61.311) • Take the knowledge test (61.307) • Complete the required hours for flight and instruction (61.313) • Have proper endorsements and submit application • Take the practical test based upon the Sport Pilot PTS (FAA-s-8081-29) SPORT PILOT TRAINING SIMILAR TO PRIVATE
  27. 27. 30Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot WHAT FLIGHT INSTRUCTORS SHOULD KNOW • AC 61-98 / 61.56 still apply • Stick and rudder skills or tailwheel endorsement • Crosswind practice and steeper approach profiles • Stall characteristics and aerodynamics • Use the flight review to assist in adding a new privilege •The ASF-610 website offers guidance for proficiency checks: http://www.faa.gov/about/office_org/headquarters_offices/avs/offices/afs/afs600/afs610/ A FLIGHT REVIEW IS STILL A FLIGHT REVIEW
  28. 28. 31Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot These aircraft may require a significant amount of hours retraining, especially if a pilot hasn’t flown in many years or is unfamiliar with aircraft characteristics. Descent profiles, stall and spin awareness & recovery, crosswind landings, slower speeds (VH), and weight / balance should be familiar to the instructor before launching out with a student. LSA FLIGHT CHARACTERISTICS MAY DIFFER
  29. 29. 32Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot • NTSB provides statistics for Amateur Built but not Light Sport • It is probable that some Light Sport accidents are included in this data • 2010 US General Aviation accidents: 1093 total 193 fatal (17%) • 2010 US Amateur Built accidents: 208 total 55 fatal (26%) ACCIDENT DATA FOR LIGHT SPORT
  30. 30. 33Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot FAR PART 61 Sport Pilot Certificate – Part 61 Subpart J Sport Pilot Flight Instructor Certificate – Part 61 Subpart K FAA WEBSITES (FAA.GOV, ASF-610, and FAA Safety.GOV) http://www.faa.gov/aircraft/gen_av/light_sport/ http://www.faa.gov/licenses_certificates/airmen_certification/sport_pilot/ http://www.faa.gov/about/office_org/headquarters_offices/avs/offices/afs/afs600/afs610/ http://www.faa.gov/aircraft/gen_av/light_sport/media/ExistingModels.pdf http://faasafety.gov/gslac/onlineresources.aspx?masterId=3 FAA Safety.gov/Resources/Online Resources/Type of Operations…162 links to Sport Pilot! AOPA http://www.aopa.org/sportpilot/ http://www.aopa.org/asf/publications/sport_pilot_check.html NAFI and EAA http://faaflighttest.us/cfisportguide.pdf http://www.nafinet.org/news.aspx?id=7 EAA http://www.sportpilot.org/ Many other great resources exist, but the LSA and Sport Pilot community needs more CFI’s and DPE’s to support the growing industry…get involved and instruct in Sport!
  31. 31. 35Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot 1. What are the medical requirements for a person exercising Sport Pilot privileges? a)Must hold a medical certificate issued under 14 CFR Part 67 or a valid U.S. driver’s license. b)A person flying a balloon or a glider does not need a medical certificate or a driver’s license. c)A person exercising Sport Pilot privileges must not know or have reason to know of a medical condition that would make that person unable to operate a Light Sport Aircraft in a safe manner. d)All of the above.
  32. 32. 36Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot 2. True or False: A light Sport Aircraft can have a maximum takeoff weight of 1480 lbs?
  33. 33. 37Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot 3. A pilot holding a recreational pilot certificate or above may exercise light sport privileges… a)In any 2 place aircraft of the same category and class on his/her pilot certificate. b)Only in a light sport aircraft or certificated aircraft that meets the light sport aircraft rule. c)Only with a CFI endorsement. d)In a light sport aircraft under day or night because the higher level of pilot certification allowed those privileges.
  34. 34. 38Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot 4. True or False: A CFI may conduct a test for issuance of an additional category and class endorsement for a sport pilot?
  35. 35. 39Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot 5. A 14 CFR 61 Subpart H CFI instructing in a light sport aircraft… a)Must have an endorsement in a light sport aircraft. b)Must have 5 hours of experience in a make and model light sport aircraft within the same set of aircraft being used. c)Does not have any limitations different from other aircraft. d)Must use an aircraft that has at least 2 pilot stations.
  36. 36. 41Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot 1. What are the medical requirements for a person exercising Sport Pilot privileges? a)Must hold a medical certificate issued under 14 CFR Part 67 or a valid U.S. driver’s license. b)A person flying a balloon or a glider does not need a medical certificate or a driver’s license. c)A person exercising Sport Pilot privileges must not know or have reason to know of a medical condition that would make that person unable to operate a Light Sport Aircraft in a safe manner. d)All of the above. 14 CFR 61.23
  37. 37. 42Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot 2. True or False: A light Sport Aircraft can have a maximum takeoff weight of 1480 lbs? FALSE 14 CFR Part 1: 1320 lbs land use;1430 lbs water use
  38. 38. 43Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot 3. A pilot holding a recreational pilot certificate or above may exercise light sport privileges… a)In any 2 place aircraft of the same category and class on his/her pilot certficiate. b)Only in a light sport aircraft or certificated aircraft that meets the light sport aircraft rule. 14 CFR 61.303(a) c)Only with a CFI endorsement. d)In a light sport aircraft under day or night because the higher level of pilot certification allowed those privileges.
  39. 39. 44Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot 4. True or False: A CFI may conduct a test for issuance of an additional category and class endorsement for a sport pilot? TRUE 14 CFR 61.321 … A CFI may conduct a proficiency check and issue an endorsement for those privileges
  40. 40. 45Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot 5. A 14 CFR 61 Subpart H CFI instructing in a light sport aircraft… a)Must have an endorsement in a light sport aircraft. b)Must have 5 hours of experience in a make and model light sport aircraft within the same set of aircraft being used. c)Does not have any limitations different from other aircraft. d)Must use an aircraft that has at least 2 pilot stations. 14 CFR 61.415 e. and i.
  41. 41. 46Federal Aviation Administration FAASTeam CFI Workshop #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot END OF CFI WORKSHOP MODULE #3 Core Topic #6: Sport Pilot

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