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Elements of a Story
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Elements of a Story



Elements of a short story, including plot line

Elements of a short story, including plot line



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Elements of a Story Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Elements of a Story English 9
  • 2. The four main elements
    • Point of View
      • Every story needs a person to tell it.
    • Characters
      • If you’re telling a story, you need someone to be in it!
    • Plot
      • If there’s a character, something needs to happen.
    • Setting
      • It must take place some where!
  • 3. But aren’t they more specific?
    • Point of view
      • First person
      • Third-person omniscient
      • Third-person limited
    • Setting
      • A time and place
  • 4.  
  • 5. 6 Points on a plot curve
    • Exposition
      • The introduction, where we’re EXPOSed to the characters and essential details
    • Inciting moment
      • aka – narrative hook
      • Where the action kicks into gear
      • The conflict is introduced here
      • Where it starts getting interesting
  • 6. 6 Points on a plot curve
    • Rising action
      • Where the story gets complicated and more intense
      • Takes up the bulk of the story
    • Climax
      • The emotional peak of the story
      • Where the conflict reaches its ultimate intensity/complication
  • 7. 6 Points on a plot curve
    • Falling Action
      • “ Tying up loose strings” – sorting out the details that are left after the climax
    • Resolution (aka denouement)
      • Conflict is resolved, and the story has finished
  • 8.  
  • 9. Characters
    • Static Character
      • Does not change through the course of the story
    • Dynamic Character
      • Changes / learns / grows during the course of a story
  • 10. Characterization
    • How a character is portrayed (displayed/developed)
    • Direct characterization
      • When a writer tells us directly what a character is like
      • “ He was an impolite oaf who had never made a good first impression.”
  • 11. Characterization
    • Indirect Characterization
      • When a writer shows us what a character is like without telling us directly
      • through actions, words, physical appearances, etc.