Parts of the short story pp


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Parts of the short story pp

  1. 1. Parts of the Short Story English 9 Fall 2006
  2. 2. The Setting <ul><li>The setting is where and when the story takes place </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General Setting – Time period, geographic area, level of realism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specific Setting – An office, an apartment, a spaceship </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Characters <ul><li>Characters are the people, animals, or things that the story is about </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Main Character – the primary and most important characters in the movie; these characters are affected by the story </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supporting characters – characters that have smaller parts; these characters affect the story </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Characters, continued <ul><ul><li>Protagonist – The “good guy,” the hero, the main character </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Antagonist – The “bad guy,” the person who stands in the way of the protagonist </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Character Types <ul><ul><li>Round – A character who resembles a real person; a character who changes and acts as a real person would </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flat – A character who does not change or experience emotional growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stock – A cliched character; a type of character you have seen before </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Example – McDonald’s worker, cab driver, storm trooper </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Characterization <ul><li>Direct Characterization – How the author describes the character </li></ul><ul><li>Indirect Characterization – What other characters say about the character, what you learn through action and dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>Dialogue – Two characters speaking to each other </li></ul>
  7. 7. Point of View <ul><li>From what perspective is the story told? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First person – POV of the main character, uses “I” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second person – POV of the reader, uses “you” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Third person – POV of an outside observer, uses “he” & “she” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Limited – the observer can only “see” what happens </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Omniscient – the observer knows the characters’ thoughts, can “see” inside their heads </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Plot <ul><li>The plot of the story is what happens in the story </li></ul><ul><li>Almost every plot is based on a conflict </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Person vs. Person </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Person vs. Self </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Person vs. Nature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Person vs. Society </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. The Plot Curve <ul><li>Exposition – Beginning of the story; characters are introduced, setting is established, tone and mood are set </li></ul><ul><li>Rising Action – The conflict begins; the protagonist works towards settling the conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Climax – The pinnacle of the story; the protagonist solves the conflict (or doesn’t) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Plot Curve, continued <ul><li>Falling Action – The specifics of the climax play out; what happens as a result of the climax </li></ul><ul><li>Resolution (Denouement) – Loose ends are wrapped up; the reader sees the new and changed protagonist; life goes on </li></ul>
  11. 12. Tone, Mood, Theme <ul><li>Tone – The attitude of the author toward the story – sarcastic, anger, affection, approval, disapproval </li></ul><ul><li>Mood – The emotion of the story – happy, sad, depressing, tragic </li></ul><ul><li>Theme – The “moral” of the story – what message does the story send? </li></ul>