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Part I
WHY?
Persuade    convince
Inform      give facts
Entertain   fiction
Compare     two or more
Express     feelings
Persuade
Written convince you to change your thinking, spend
money, support a cause, or offer a solution to a
problem

                       Examples
   Advertisements/Commercials
   Political Speeches                  VOTE
   Church sermons or literature
   Opinion Editorials
   Movie or book reviews
Inform
Written to give information or describe something.
Authors use facts and reasons to get the point
across.

                     Examples
 Textbooks
 News articles
 Informational Brochures
 Encyclopedias
 Schedules, charts, instructions
Entertain
Written to interest the reader, or appeal to
emotions such as pleasure, sadness, anger, or
humor.

                        Examples
   Fiction books and other stories
   Plays and movies
   Comic strips
   Video games
   Sports articles or programs
Compare
Examines the way two or more things are alike or
different. Can have a secondary purpose to either
inform or persuade.

                       Examples
 Comparison essays
 Political analysis
 Consumer or product reports
Express
Written to share a writer’s feelings or express
opinions.

                     Examples
 Poetry
 Songs
 Blogs
 Love letters
 Journals and diaries
 Letters to the editor
Practice Session
Identify the author’s purpose for each
    of the following types of text.
What is the Purpose?
 A song about a father’s joy and love for his new
    baby girl.
   A political speech recommending that you support
    a tax increase.
   A poster in the hall that encourages students to
    say no to drugs.
   A pamphlet in a doctor’s office that explains the
    disease diabetes.
   A letter explaining the differences between two
    types of medical insurance.
Part II
Question Stems
• The purpose…
 What is the most likely reason the author wrote …
 …author probably wrote to…
 Why do you think the author choose…
 How do you think the author would feel about…
 Why do you think the author decided to…
 Why does the author begin (end) the story with…
Answer Choices
The types of author’s purposes are often revealed
in the answer choices. Learning key words will help
identify the purpose each answer choice
represents.

  A) To solve the problem…
  B) To encourage…
  C) To describe…
  D) To show…
Example 1
  What is the most likely reason the author wrote
 “Picture This”?
 A)to persuade readers to learn photography
 B) to share the benefits of a career in
    photography
 C) to explain how photographic film captures an
    image
 D)to encourage readers to develop their own film
Example 2
 Source #1 and Source #2 are written on the
 same topic. What was the purpose of each
 passage? Were the purposes of the passages the
 same? Did the articles achieve their
 purposes? Use text evidence to support your
 answer.
Example 3
   Which detail supports the author’s purpose for
  writing this selection?
  A) Dog owners spend as much as $11,000 on their
     dogs in their lifetime
  B) Dogs in other countries live in packs
  C) There are more than 65 million pet dogs in the
     U.S.
  D) People think that their dogs need only love from
     them
Example 4
   This article would most likely be found in a…
  A)Textbook about animal behavior.
  B) Popular science or health magazine.
  C) Newspapers local news section.
  D)Professional journal for veterinarians.
Key Words
Persuade    Influence
Encourage   Convince
Prove       Urge
Sell        Inspire
Convert
Assure
Key Words
Inform             Understand
Show               Describe
Educate            Discuss
Explain            Teach
Give information
Illustrate
Key Words
Entertain
Tell
Share an experience
Relate
Provide details
Create
Key Words
Compare
Contrast
Both
Alike/Different
Key Words
Express
Share
Feelings
Emotions
Practice Session
 Identify the key words in the answer
choices to each question. Explain which
 author’s purpose is indicated by that
               key word.
 You can tell from the first paragraph that
this excerpt comes from a biography because
the author…
A)explains what Latimer thought and felt
B) encourages readers to choose careers
   that use their talents
C) creates suspense about a fictional
   character.
D)uses stanzas and rhyming words to express
   an idea.
 What is the most likely reason the author
wrote the article?
A)To convince the reader to purchase a
   meerkat for a pet.
B)To compare the meerkats ability to hunting
   for food to that of the domestic cat.
C) To describe the characteristics of the
   meerkat.
D)To discuss the importance of cooperation
  for meerkats and humans.
 The author probably wrote this selection
to…
A)educate pet owners about the best ways to
   care for their pets
B)urge pet owners to make regular visits to
   their vet
C) describe the process of adopting a pet
D)influence readers to adopt pets from
   shelters
Created by
  Barbara Yardley, M.Ed.
            For more resources and ideas visit:
            www.readingandwritingoutloud.com

http://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Store/Barbara-Yardley/

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Author’s Purpose

  • 3. Persuade convince Inform give facts Entertain fiction Compare two or more Express feelings
  • 4. Persuade Written convince you to change your thinking, spend money, support a cause, or offer a solution to a problem Examples  Advertisements/Commercials  Political Speeches VOTE  Church sermons or literature  Opinion Editorials  Movie or book reviews
  • 5. Inform Written to give information or describe something. Authors use facts and reasons to get the point across. Examples  Textbooks  News articles  Informational Brochures  Encyclopedias  Schedules, charts, instructions
  • 6. Entertain Written to interest the reader, or appeal to emotions such as pleasure, sadness, anger, or humor. Examples  Fiction books and other stories  Plays and movies  Comic strips  Video games  Sports articles or programs
  • 7. Compare Examines the way two or more things are alike or different. Can have a secondary purpose to either inform or persuade. Examples  Comparison essays  Political analysis  Consumer or product reports
  • 8. Express Written to share a writer’s feelings or express opinions. Examples  Poetry  Songs  Blogs  Love letters  Journals and diaries  Letters to the editor
  • 9. Practice Session Identify the author’s purpose for each of the following types of text.
  • 10. What is the Purpose?  A song about a father’s joy and love for his new baby girl.  A political speech recommending that you support a tax increase.  A poster in the hall that encourages students to say no to drugs.  A pamphlet in a doctor’s office that explains the disease diabetes.  A letter explaining the differences between two types of medical insurance.
  • 12. Question Stems • The purpose…  What is the most likely reason the author wrote …  …author probably wrote to…  Why do you think the author choose…  How do you think the author would feel about…  Why do you think the author decided to…  Why does the author begin (end) the story with…
  • 13. Answer Choices The types of author’s purposes are often revealed in the answer choices. Learning key words will help identify the purpose each answer choice represents. A) To solve the problem… B) To encourage… C) To describe… D) To show…
  • 14. Example 1  What is the most likely reason the author wrote “Picture This”? A)to persuade readers to learn photography B) to share the benefits of a career in photography C) to explain how photographic film captures an image D)to encourage readers to develop their own film
  • 15. Example 2  Source #1 and Source #2 are written on the same topic. What was the purpose of each passage? Were the purposes of the passages the same? Did the articles achieve their purposes? Use text evidence to support your answer.
  • 16. Example 3  Which detail supports the author’s purpose for writing this selection? A) Dog owners spend as much as $11,000 on their dogs in their lifetime B) Dogs in other countries live in packs C) There are more than 65 million pet dogs in the U.S. D) People think that their dogs need only love from them
  • 17. Example 4  This article would most likely be found in a… A)Textbook about animal behavior. B) Popular science or health magazine. C) Newspapers local news section. D)Professional journal for veterinarians.
  • 18. Key Words Persuade Influence Encourage Convince Prove Urge Sell Inspire Convert Assure
  • 19. Key Words Inform Understand Show Describe Educate Discuss Explain Teach Give information Illustrate
  • 20. Key Words Entertain Tell Share an experience Relate Provide details Create
  • 23. Practice Session Identify the key words in the answer choices to each question. Explain which author’s purpose is indicated by that key word.
  • 24.  You can tell from the first paragraph that this excerpt comes from a biography because the author… A)explains what Latimer thought and felt B) encourages readers to choose careers that use their talents C) creates suspense about a fictional character. D)uses stanzas and rhyming words to express an idea.
  • 25.  What is the most likely reason the author wrote the article? A)To convince the reader to purchase a meerkat for a pet. B)To compare the meerkats ability to hunting for food to that of the domestic cat. C) To describe the characteristics of the meerkat. D)To discuss the importance of cooperation for meerkats and humans.
  • 26.  The author probably wrote this selection to… A)educate pet owners about the best ways to care for their pets B)urge pet owners to make regular visits to their vet C) describe the process of adopting a pet D)influence readers to adopt pets from shelters
  • 27. Created by Barbara Yardley, M.Ed. For more resources and ideas visit: www.readingandwritingoutloud.com http://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Store/Barbara-Yardley/

Editor's Notes

  1. Why do you text our friends? Post to your facebook page? Pass a note? Briefly list some of the reasons for communicating in these written formats. Ask students to suggest reasons that writers create scripts for movies, write songs, or create advertising campaigns.
  2. We often classify the purposes for writing into different categories. This unit introduces the five most common. They can be remembered by using the acronym PIECE. Recognizing what an author’s purpose is helps you to better understand the text you are reading. This skill is often tested on important reading assessments.
  3. Caution: Just because an article or speech doesn’t convince you doesn’t change the intended purpose. Always consider what the author intended.
  4. Caution: Just because an article or speech doesn’t convince you doesn’t change the intended purpose. Always consider what the author intended.
  5. Caution: Some students will misidentify this purpose because they are not interested in the story. Since they are not entertained, they incorrectly assume that the author’s purpose must be something else. Caution students to always consider what the author intended when writing the piece, as opposed to the effect the writing has on them personally.
  6. Caution: Just because an article or speech doesn’t convince you doesn’t change the intended purpose. Always consider what the author intended.
  7. Poems and songs are in this category because the author purpose in writing the piece originally was to express some type of feeling. Although songs and poems do entertain us, when identifying an author’s purpose we always go back to the original intent.
  8. Why would it be important to know when something is intended to inform or persuade?
  9. Recognize when a question is asking about the author’s purpose or intent. Provide handout for reader’s journals.
  10. Key words often appear at the beginning of the answer choices. Teach students to highlight these words and connect them to the author’s purposes.
  11. Have students identify the key words in each of the answer choices and identify the type of author’s purpose it represents.
  12. Discuss the audience and possible purpose of each one of these publications. Help students make the connection between the type of publication and the purpose of a text.
  13. Look for key words in the answer choices. They often come at the beginning of the answer choice. For example: To encourage the reader to recycle paper waste; or To prove that buying products manufactured in America will decrease unemployment.
  14. Examples: To explain how the Emperor Nero came to power; or To help the reader understand the process of photosynthesis; to instruct the reader on how to create a dream catcher; to give readers examples of different types of volcanoes
  15. Examples: To create suspense; or To tell a humorous story about growing up.
  16. Examples: To explain how both players have similar styles; to show how the National Parks in Utah and Florida are alike; to contrast the administrations of the two presidents
  17. Examples: To share her feelings about being young and heart broken; to discuss the emotions Wendy felt when Peter takes her flying