STRUCTURE?A “text” is the actual or original words of an author, as distinguished from notes, commentary, paraphrase, translation etc.A “structure” is a building or framework.
Narrative genre generally follows astandard story grammar that includesthe following components: Setting Conflict Mood Theme Character Plot
WHAT IS SETTING?The setting is an environment in which a story or an event takes place.It can includes specific information about time and place or can simply be descriptive
IMPORTANT?Think about setting not just as factual information but as an essential part of a storys mood and emotional impact.Careful portrayal of setting can convey meaning through interaction with characters and plot
IT? To create a setting:• provide an information about time and place and use descriptive language to evoke vivid sights, sounds, smells, and other sensations.• Pay close attention to the mood a setting conveys.
WHAT IS MOOD?• Mood is a feeling that is conveyed to the reader in a literary work.• The writer can develop mood through word choice, dialogue, sensory details, description, and plot complications.
The mood conveyed in a literary piece can be a variety of feelings. Ashort list is as follows:
ROUND CHARACTER A round character is one who is capable of change and evolution throughout a story.
FLAT CHARACTERA flat character is one who lacks a complex and realistic personality.A flat character is a term referring to a character who boasts, no mental or emotional development
The main character in a story is generallyknown as the protagonist: is the characterwho experiences the main conflict or problemin the plot.
A dynamiccharacter is onewho changesduring the courseof the story.
A static character doesntchange during the story.
• The character who opposes the protagonist is the antagonis t.
Characters can beexamined and studied using the three As criteria: Appearance, Actions, Attitude
Appearance - thecharacters body structure(height, weight, proportion),facial features (hair, eyes,complexion, notable features),and clothing.
Actions - what thecharacter does. For everyattitude there will be anaction that proves it.
Attitude - how a characterthinks. The character may beintelligent, determined, curious,talented, brave, stubborn,humorous, pessimistic, etc.
WHAT IS CONFLICT? Conflict is most visiblebetween two or more characters,usually a protagonists andan antagonist, but can occur inmany different forms.
THREE BASIC CONFLICTS Internal conflicts occur whena character is in disagreement withhim or herself. Specifically, thisoccurs when a character has two ormore values or traits in opposition
Relational conflictsare incompatibilitieshow two or moreindividuals relate to oneanother - Fathers toSons, Bosses toEmployees, Slavesto Masters, etc.
External conflicts arisefrom obstacles locatedoutside the protagonistincluding nature, thesupernatural, or society.
WHAT IS PLOT? Plot is a series of episodes which hold the reader’s attention while they are reading the story.
FIVE PARTS OF PLOTExposition The exposition introduces all ofthe main characters in the story.It shows how they relate to oneanother, what their goals andmotivations are, and the kind ofperson they are.
RISING ACTIONGenerally, in this phase theprotagonist understands hisor her goal and begins towork toward it.
CLIMAXThe point of climax is the turningpoint of the story, where the maincharacter makes the single bigdecision that defines the outcome oftheir story and who they are as aperson.
FALLING ACTIONIn the sense that the loose ends are being tied up.However, it is often the time of greatest overall tension in the play, because it is the phase in which everything goes most wrong.
RESOLUTIONThere is a finalconfrontation between theprotagonist and antagonist,where one or the otherdecisively wins.
WHAT IS THEME? Outside of the plot, thetheme is often used to describe atopical issue that runs through thestory, for example, fatherhood,unrequited love, racism.
The theme is the idea of theauthor wishes to conveyabout that subject. It isexpressed as a sentence orgeneral statement about lifeor human nature.