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Graphic novel

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graphic novels

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Graphic novel

  1. 1. When I say “Graphic Novel” What do you think of?
  2. 2. COMICS EVOLVE INTO COMIC BOOKS
  3. 3. Grab a little attention . . . Use Graphic Novels In your classroom
  4. 4. Bayeux Tapestry
  5. 5. Graphic Novel or Comic Book? When most people hear the phrase ‘graphic novel’ they think ‘comic books.’ Superheroes like Wonder Woman, Wolverine and the Green Lantern come to mind.
  6. 6. CREATION AND EVOLUTION OF THE GRAPHIC NOVEL GENRE • Will Eisner receives credit for publishing the first graphic novel “A Contract with God” in 1978. • Eisner claims to have created the phrase “graphic novel” as a spontaneous marketing term used to convince his publisher to print his work. However, the term is said to have been used by comic fans in the 1960s. • Art Spiegelman receives the Pulitzer Prize in 1992 for “Maus: A Survivor’s Tale” about his father’s struggle to survive the Holocaust. • “Road to Perdition” - possibly best known graphic novel for Western audiences - published in 1998 and eventually made into major motion picture.
  7. 7. Graphic Novel or Comic Book? Graphic Novels are different from Comic Books iN a few important ways: • Comic Books are usually a ‘series.’ That means they are intended to come up with new stories every month. • Graphic Novels are one story (told in perhaps two or more volumes) that reach the end and stop. •Comic books are generally fantasy and science fiction. •Graphic Novels are more realistic – usually historical, autobiographical or a memoir. The mood of a comic book is generally suspenseful and exciting. The mood of a graphic novel can be more serious and reflective. So then …. How are comic books and graphics the same?
  8. 8. GRAPHIC NOVEL CONVENTIONS • Panels • Transitions/Gutter • Perspective • Time • Narrative • Words and Pictures
  9. 9. • Panel
  10. 10. • Transitions
  11. 11. 6 Types of Transitions
  12. 12. Perspective
  13. 13. • Time (1 of 2)
  14. 14. Time (2 of 2)
  15. 15. Narrative/Captions
  16. 16. Words and Pictures
  17. 17. Maus: The “Flow” of the Story Graphic novels rely on pictures and words to tell the story. These pictures and words are in panels. • Panels are the boxes in which the pictures and words appear. • The panels are read in sequence like the way you read the words of a page in a regular book. • Now you will look at two pages of MAUS – Don’t worry about reading the words, just follow the directions so you know how to move your eyes across the page. Graphic novels are like regular stories. They have a plot, characters , settings and all the other elements in stories we read in regular books.
  18. 18. Start here and follow the red arrows.
  19. 19. Start here and follow the red arrows.
  20. 20. Graphic Novel: The Parts of the Story • Graphic novels are like regular stories – they have a plot, characters and all the other parts of a regular story. • A caption is information from the author that gives us important information about the setting or what a character is experiencing. • Sometimes a “caption” can appear inside –or outside - the panel.
  21. 21. This is the first page of MAUS Caption #1Caption #1 Caption #2Caption #2 Caption #3Caption #3 Caption #4Caption #4 What captions tell us about the setting? What captions tell us about the experiences of a character?
  22. 22. Graphic Novel: The Parts of the Story • Another important part of a graphic novel is dialogue. – Dialogue is what characters say to each other. Dialogue is conveyed through word balloons. Each word balloon has a “tail” to let you know what character is talking.
  23. 23. This is the first page of MAUS (again) Word Balloon #1Word Balloon #1 Word Balloon #2Word Balloon #2 Word Balloon #5Word Balloon #5 Word Balloon #3 Word Balloon #4 Word Balloon #6 Is it clear which character is saying the dialogue in each word balloon?
  24. 24. MAUS: What to look for in words and pictures • In the captions and word balloons, some words are emphasized by being bigger or bolder. • This lets the reader know that there is a lot of emotion behind these words. • Look at Page One again and identify the emphasized words.
  25. 25. This is the first page of MAUS (again) Word Balloon #1Word Balloon #1 Word Balloon #2Word Balloon #2 Word Balloon #5Word Balloon #5 Word Balloon #3 Word Balloon #4 Word Balloon #6 What words are emphasized? What emotions are the communicating?
  26. 26. MAUS: What to look for in words and pictures • In the pictures, the artist can use devices like shadow and style to help create a mood. • Dark shadows usually create a mood of fear or despair.
  27. 27. MAUS: What to look for in words and pictures • The style of the art can also help connect the creator to the reader. • In this story, we find out very early the author’s mother killed herself. • Later on, he tries to tell that story by dramatically changing the style – the way – he creates the art. • He even uses an actual picture of his mother with him when he was a small boy. Does this make his pain more real to the reader? Why?

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