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  1. 1. Good vs Evil Family Theme A Writer’sMan vs Nature Message
  2. 2. The Reader’s JobPart of your job as a reader is to understand what awriter is trying to say. Writers seldom come rightout and tell you, “Hey, reader, this is what I wantyou to know.”You need to make inferences and draw conclusionsabout what the writer is trying to express. dreams
  3. 3. Today’s ObjectivesWhat we know: (Our Focus Skills) How to identifyAuthor’s Purpose and Perspective in a text. We arefamiliar with Story Elements-setting, characters, plot,conflict, climax and resolution. (Strategies) We are ableto make Connections, Infer ,and Evaluate whenreading.What we will learn: How to identify the Theme-the lifelesson, moral or message in a story. (fable)What we will do: Today’s Objective is HOT! You willparticipate in an interactive PowerPoint and complete atheme graphic organizer in groups to analyze the storyin order to identify the essential message or theme in afable. (I do…We do….You do!)
  4. 4. What is a Theme?Theme: Life lesson, meaning, moral, or message about life or human nature that is communicated by a literary work.In other words…Theme is what the story teaches readers.
  5. 5. ThemesA theme is not a word, it is a sentence.You don’t have to agree with the theme to identify it. ExamplesMoney can’t buy happiness.Don’t judge a book by its cover.
  6. 6. Finding A Theme What To Think About:
  7. 7. What is “The Big Idea” of a work?Themes are usually about Big WorldIdeas like freedom, trust, friendship,courage, family, nature, good vs.evil, and so on.
  8. 8. Movies: What is “The Big Idea” for these well-known story titles? Shoulder Partners• Beauty and the Beast •Harry Potter Series• Where the Red Fern Grows •Peter Pan• Cinderella •Finding Nemo• Goldilocks and the Three Bears •Three Little Pigs• Monsters, Inc. •Little Red Riding Hood• The Little Boy Who Cried Wolf
  9. 9. Were you correct?• Beauty and the Beast: Beauty• Where the Red Fern Grows: Friendship• Cinderella: Good vs. Evil• Goldilocks and the Three Bears: Respect• Monsters, Inc.: Helping Others• The Little Boy Who Cried Wolf: Honesty• Harry Potter Series: Good vs. Evil• Peter Pan: Growing Up• Finding Nemo: Growing Up/Honoring Parents• Three Little Pigs: Planning Ahead• Little Red Riding Hood: Strangers
  10. 10. What phrases Give Clues to “The Big Idea?” Title: Follow the TrailFar into the distance and to the very edge of the horizon wasa path cut out by wagon wheels. If you followed that pathyou would find a land of gold and opportunity. This path washard to travel and had many obstacles along the way.My travels have finally led me to my destination. Here I canstart a new life with my family. There will be no more dust,no more danger, and no more aching muscles. I can finallyrest my head. My big idea is that the story is about a journey.
  11. 11. What Do the Characters Say and Do That Relate to the Big Idea of Journeys?“We have passed the halfway mark. Soon we will arrive at ournew home,” father patiently explained.“Will we have anyone to play with,” Amy asked hopefully.“Yes, now climb back into the wagon and get ready to leave. Wehave many more miles to travel today.”Father took the horses reins into his hands and clicked his tongueto make the horses begin walking. The wagon moved slowlyacross the bumpy dirt path.
  12. 12. Decide What the Theme IsRemember, the theme is not the topic of the workbut a point made about the topic.It is a statement about life.A good theme statement shows what lesson aboutlife is important to learn.
  13. 13. What Do the Clues We Found Tell Us That Is Important to Learn About Life?The clues talk about taking a journey, that thejourney is difficult, and that the traveler will arriveat a destination with opportunities.The author’s message may be that even if a journey isdifficult to take, there are rewards when you reachyour destination.
  14. 14. Identifying ThemesThemes are not explicit. (clearly stated)Themes are implied. (something suggested but not actually said) You will need to INFER!Themes are bigger than the story. Big World of the Theme. Small Applies to the “Real” World. World of the Story
  15. 15. Extract the“BIG Idea”Don’t get hung up on thecharacters and eventsThink beyond the smallworld elements to extract theBIG World Lesson
  16. 16. Big Idea/ThemeTim despised his old baseball glove.He wanted to play with his new glove,but he didn’t have any money, so hedecided to steal it. But when Tim gotcaught stealing the glove, his parentssaid he couldn’t play baseball ALLsummer!What is the Big World Idea?What is the Theme?
  17. 17. The Big World Idea= ThemeThe Big Idea is: IntegrityThe lesson of the story is that ifyou want something, you should workfor it.
  18. 18. Match the Topic With a Theme Message Courage Revenge Jealousy DreamsBe careful how you treat other peoplebecause they may treat you the same. revenge ____________Face your fears and you can defeat them. courage ____________Do not wish for what others possess. Behappy with what you have. jealousy ____________Work for what you want in life and youcan achieve any goal. dreams____________
  19. 19. Review
  20. 20. Identifying THEME in a StoryThe theme of a Fable is its moral. Thetheme of a Parable is its teaching. Thetheme of a piece of Fiction is its viewabout life and how people behave.A good place to start when learning toidentify theme is to look at Aesop Fables.These are short tales written long ago forthe purpose of teaching little morals, orlessons.
  21. 21. Modeled PracticeLet’s determine theTheme using a GraphicOrganizer to analyze thestory structure for clues!
  22. 22. Theme ActivityMove quietly into your groups of 3 and select a “Recorder.”After receiving your text (fable) and Theme Worksheet(Graphic Organizer) read silently-tracking your thinking(Reread if you finish before your partners)Complete the Theme Graphic Organizer together-shareideas!Raise your hands when you have finished. (the teachers willcirculate and provide you with a sentence strip-for sharing)Meet with the same “Story Group” and share your Themes.Make sure to explain your thinking- use HOT Questions toguide your discussions if needed.Groups will present “A Fable a Day-will teach us to Live theRight Way!” We will take an assessment on Theme!Future Lessons-Determining Theme in Fiction!