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Session i


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Session i

  1. 1. Studies in Literary Genre Cambridge College Lit 311 Instructor: Christina Brownell
  2. 2. Reading with or without a Theory <ul><li>How do you read? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do you read? </li></ul><ul><li>The “situated reader” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Narration <ul><li>The telling of a story </li></ul><ul><li>Recounting of the sequence of events </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Elements of Story <ul><li>Narration </li></ul><ul><li>Exposition </li></ul><ul><li>Characters (Protagonist, Antagonist) </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>Action </li></ul><ul><li>Interpretation </li></ul><ul><li>Symbol </li></ul>
  5. 5. Exposition <ul><li>Details and background needed to understand the characters and the circumstances in the story </li></ul>
  6. 6. Characters <ul><li>Protagonist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The central character </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Antagonist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The character who is in opposition to the central character </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Conflict <ul><li>The struggle between ideas, characters or groups that are essential to the story </li></ul>
  8. 8. Dialogue <ul><li>The verbal interplay between characters that provides us with information about the characters or conflict </li></ul>
  9. 9. Action <ul><li>The primary event or occurrence in the story </li></ul>
  10. 10. Interpretation <ul><li>The active engagement with the story to determine what it is really about </li></ul>
  11. 11. Symbol <ul><li>A word or object that stands for something else </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Structure of Story <ul><li>Story – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The whole arc of what happens; every detail from beginning to end </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A story can have many different plots </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plot – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The ordering of events </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes what happens but deals with why and how events unfold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How the story is told by a storyteller’s shaping of the details </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Plot <ul><li>Chronological </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Told from beginning to end </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flashback – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>an intentional break in the chronology of the story switching to past events </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Foreshadowing- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gives clues to readers what lies ahead </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Twists a clever surprise in the plot </li></ul>
  14. 14. Kate Chopin’s “The Story of An Hour” <ul><li>What is the plot structure of this story? </li></ul><ul><li>Why does Chopin choose to tell the story in this way? </li></ul><ul><li>How is this effective? </li></ul><ul><li>What would happen if this story were told from the beginning of the journey? </li></ul>
  15. 15. Talking about the Text <ul><li>What changes does Louise Mallard experience in the story? </li></ul><ul><li>When in the story do we get an account of what is happening inside Louise’s mind? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Character <ul><li>The people in the story </li></ul><ul><li>Protagonist—the leading character; the main character </li></ul><ul><li>Antagonist—the force acting against the main character </li></ul><ul><li>Flat character—a one-dimensional representation </li></ul><ul><li>Round character—a multi-dimensional representation </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic character—one who changes or grows from beginning to end </li></ul><ul><li>Static character—one who never changes or grows from beginning to end </li></ul>
  17. 17. Characters in “Stockings” <ul><li>What do we know about Dobbins’ character traits based upon what the narrator tells us directly in the first paragraph, as well as what you can determine from the details in the second and third paragraphs? </li></ul><ul><li>What type of character is he? (dynamic, static…) </li></ul>
  18. 18. Setting <ul><li>The time and location in which a story takes place   </li></ul><ul><li>a)  place - geographical location.  Where is the action of the story taking place? b)  time - When is the story taking place? (historical period, time of day, year, etc) c)  weather conditions - Is it rainy, sunny, stormy, etc? d)  social conditions - What is the daily life of the character's like? Does the story contain local color (writing that focuses on the speech, dress, mannerisms, customs, etc. of a particular place)? e)  mood or atmosphere - What feeling is created at the beginning of the story?  Is it bright and cheerful or dark and frightening?   </li></ul>