Maritime Trade Routes between A Coruña and FlandersPresentation Transcript
Corunna Brugges Universidad Senior A Coruña - Ferrol
From XIII to XVI century MaritimeTraderoutes between Corunna and Brugges
La Coruña foundedbyHercules, accordingto local beliefs,known at the time as Brigantium. Duetoitsstrategic position, thecitysoonbecameimportantfor sea trade, as shows thebuilding of thelighthouseonthe 2nd century AD.
Burges was founded in the ninth century by Vikings who settled in the river "of Reie. In the fourteenth century became the international financial and trading center and the store of the Hanseatic cities of northern Europe.
Maritime trade can be considered as one of the oldest manifestations of the humanity. This activity documented for thousands of years, was in parallel with development of man, following it in moments of crisis and expansion.
The city of Bruges shone itself in European trade in the late Middle Ages for its excellent connections with the sea through the port of L'Ecluse.
From s. XIII in Europe there are two traditions of ship building: the Mediterranean,with the galley, and the Nordic, with the cog. In the s. XV both traditions we fused and the Caravel ship and the Nao raised, technically suitable for Atlantic crossings. From s. XIII in Europe there are two traditions of ship building: the Mediterranean,with the galley, and the Nordic, with the cog. In the s. XV both traditions we fused and the Caravel ship and the Nao raised, technically suitable for Atlantic crossings.
The Galley is a type of ship that has been used since antiquity to the eighteenth century. It is a warship or transport. TheCaravelis a smallfishingorcoastingtradeboat of the XIV century
The Cog is a merchant ship or passenger. It is of Nordic origin and appears in the Mediterranean by 1300. The Urca is a cargo ship, the nederland origin, too wide for the center and rounded stern, very heavy and slow.
The galleon was the hero of the war armed s. XVI.The spanish design probably....its shape is quickly adopted by other countries.
The ships sailed the northern coast from Spain in early April to Flanders . They were returning from L'Ecluse on the month of August orearly September.
In general, Spanish shipowners were both owners of the goods which composed the cargo of ships and came in Brugges to sell or exchange them for products of the country.
In the navigation, the most problematic courses were in the longitudinal routes, because to their calculation it is necessary to have precise tools .
To follow the courses the sailors had, since ancient times, the quadrant and the astrolabe to measure the latitude and thus checking the advance of the ship. "Since the direct route to Flanders is basically north or south direction back, with the astrolabe could be known at all times the ship's progress through the calculation of the altitude of the sun or stars”.
The compass entered the Western world around 1200, but the magnetic variation will not be known until the early fifteenth century.The compass is a vital tool to navigate in winter. The charts are developed as an element of support for marine navigation in the moment itself, which is the esteem.
European trade experimented significant changes in the course of centuries XIV and XV. Perhaps the most important of all was the definitive translation of the Mediterranean Sea to the Atlantic Ocean due to Islam that forced the Christian merchants to fall back toward the West.
The Foreign trade was characterized by the export of raw materials (oil, wine, wool) and imports of manufactures, especially in the fifteenth century when the nobility became addicted to luxury (cloths and artwork).
Maritime trade route between Coruña and Flanders began in the thirteenth century and spread to the sixteenth century, when the trade boom fell as a result the black plague and the war for independence of Flanders in the reign of Charles I and Philip II.
A section that influenced heavily on the freight traffic was generated for pilgrims to Compostela, especially, from the British Isles including the Hanseatic ports and Britain because Pilgrims also brought in and carried goods. This would generate exceptional contacts between Galicia and other countries.
The old Camino de Santiago or Camino Francés Since the beginning of the thirteenth century the major port cities of the Cantabrian and the cities of the plateau definitely become the main commercial axis.
Pórtico de la Gloria
However, there was no cohesion to commercial supply and demand in Galicia.A product such as the wine began to esport from the middle of the fourteenth century after the crisis caused by the Black Death in the Gascon wine.
It is in the maritime sector of export and import where Coruña will develop its commercial maritime activity.In the same way that the regular liners Genoese and Venetian, Florentine and Catalan calling at La Corunna who followed direct trip to England and Flanders.
Galician Imported virtually everything. The imports were higher than exports, the result was a very unbalanced BOP. Looking for ways to reduce this deficit partly, Galicia offers transportation services from their own ships as one of the ways to cover their import costs.
They used another way, the Tramping and Cabotage that they practiced.The main points were in the export of fish-salting because they controlled the entire process. But they had weak points; they did not risk because they had no speculative and adventurous spirit.
It is possible that the cottage industry of flax, common to the families of Galicia, had its origin in Flanders. It is known, at least, the presence of tissues from Flanders in Coruña.
The development of marine insurance runs parallel to Commercial activity since ancient times, although it does not stabilize as an institution until much later.
Spain and Flanders continued exchange people, interests and ideas. The history of the region keeps brigantina archaeological evidence and documents that prove the presence of flamingos in Betanzos and Corunna.
Facingthe sea, facingthewind as Simbols of the time