Growing Connections AP World History
1250 - 1450 <ul><li>Travelers, explorers, and merchants visiting distant empires and kingdoms </li></ul><ul><li>Improved m...
Exchanges <ul><li>Magnetic Compass from China - increases maritime trade, exploration </li></ul><ul><li>Sugarcane from S.E...
Exchanges <ul><li>Gunpowder from China - leads to weapon technology advances, mainly in Europe </li></ul>One of the first ...
Travelers <ul><li>Marco Polo (1253-1324) </li></ul><ul><li>Italian Merchant from Venice </li></ul><ul><li>Traveled over Si...
Travelers <ul><li>Ibn Battuta (1304-1369) </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim Scholar from Morocco </li></ul><ul><li>Ultimate freeloa...
 
Maritime Trade <ul><li>Global economy of Middle Ages created by linking Mediterranean Sea trade networks to Indian Ocean t...
Maritime Trade <ul><li>Trade in west and east timed to monsoon winds. </li></ul><ul><li>Venetian merchants arrived in Alex...
Chinese Expeditions <ul><li>Recovering from Mongol domination, look beyond borders of China </li></ul><ul><li>Zheng He mad...
Chinese Expeditions
Portuguese Expeditions <ul><li>Atlantic-bound Europe excluded from profitable Mediterranean trade </li></ul><ul><li>High s...
Portuguese Expeditions <ul><li>Oversaw first European trading post used for slaves on Arguin Island in 1448 </li></ul>
Portuguese Expeditions <ul><li>Bartholomew Dias was first to round the Cape of Good Hope in 1488 </li></ul><ul><li>Vasco d...
Portuguese Expeditions <ul><li>Once in the Indian Ocean, Portuguese dominated because they had been forced to arm ships - ...
Reflection <ul><li>How could the world balance of power easily have shift to Asia? </li></ul><ul><li>Why would the Europea...
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World Connections 1250-1450

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World Connections 1250-1450

  1. 1. Growing Connections AP World History
  2. 2. 1250 - 1450 <ul><li>Travelers, explorers, and merchants visiting distant empires and kingdoms </li></ul><ul><li>Improved maritime navigation, protection of travelers (Mongols, Dar-al-Islam) </li></ul><ul><li>Trading of goods, spread of ideas lead to major economic and political shifts </li></ul>
  3. 3. Exchanges <ul><li>Magnetic Compass from China - increases maritime trade, exploration </li></ul><ul><li>Sugarcane from S.E. Asia - Spreads to Italy& Europe, new need for slavery </li></ul>
  4. 4. Exchanges <ul><li>Gunpowder from China - leads to weapon technology advances, mainly in Europe </li></ul>One of the first gunshot victims in the New World (from an Incan cemetary)
  5. 5. Travelers <ul><li>Marco Polo (1253-1324) </li></ul><ul><li>Italian Merchant from Venice </li></ul><ul><li>Traveled over Silk Roads through Mongol Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Spent 17 years in Kublai Khan’s court </li></ul><ul><li>Returned to Europe with unbelievable stories - inspired merchants and explorers </li></ul>
  6. 6. Travelers <ul><li>Ibn Battuta (1304-1369) </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim Scholar from Morocco </li></ul><ul><li>Ultimate freeloader? </li></ul><ul><li>Traveled through Dar al-Islam: West Africa, Middle East, India, S.E. Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Recorded widespread influence of Islam - from China to Mali </li></ul>
  7. 8. Maritime Trade <ul><li>Global economy of Middle Ages created by linking Mediterranean Sea trade networks to Indian Ocean trade networks </li></ul><ul><li>Venice dominated Mediterranean Sea trade </li></ul><ul><li>In 1200’s Venice made an economic treaty with Mamluk Sultan in Egypt and Syria </li></ul>
  8. 9. Maritime Trade <ul><li>Trade in west and east timed to monsoon winds. </li></ul><ul><li>Venetian merchants arrived in Alexandria as merchants from Indian Ocean arrived </li></ul>
  9. 10. Chinese Expeditions <ul><li>Recovering from Mongol domination, look beyond borders of China </li></ul><ul><li>Zheng He made 7 voyages between 1405 - 1433 </li></ul><ul><li>Ming Dynasty ended voyages, destroyed ships and records </li></ul><ul><li>What potential was lost? </li></ul>
  10. 11. Chinese Expeditions
  11. 12. Portuguese Expeditions <ul><li>Atlantic-bound Europe excluded from profitable Mediterranean trade </li></ul><ul><li>High stakes competition forced merchants to arm ships </li></ul><ul><li>Portuguese, Spanish look to Atlantic </li></ul><ul><li>Prince Henry the Navigator begins sending sailors south along African coast </li></ul>
  12. 13. Portuguese Expeditions <ul><li>Oversaw first European trading post used for slaves on Arguin Island in 1448 </li></ul>
  13. 14. Portuguese Expeditions <ul><li>Bartholomew Dias was first to round the Cape of Good Hope in 1488 </li></ul><ul><li>Vasco da Gama sailed to India in 1498 </li></ul>
  14. 15. Portuguese Expeditions <ul><li>Once in the Indian Ocean, Portuguese dominated because they had been forced to arm ships - unlike their Islamic counterparts in the Indian Ocean </li></ul>
  15. 16. Reflection <ul><li>How could the world balance of power easily have shift to Asia? </li></ul><ul><li>Why would the Europeans dominate in Asia and the New World? </li></ul>

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