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Grand tour presentation


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Grand tour presentation

  1. 1. The Grand Tour: A Journey Through Europe BY: KIMBERLY PENNA
  2. 2. The Beginning  Travel for pleasure did not begin until the 16-18th centuries  Tourism was developed with the emergence of the Railroad system  “Ideal period in the fusion of tourism and social status (Black, 1)”  Associated with young, aristocratic, British travelers
  3. 3. The Travelers Young aristocrats, in their early 20s would travel after finishing University-”social elite” Trips usually lasted 2-4 years Rite of Passage Usually traveled with a tutor William Weddel, Reverend William Palgrave and his servant Janson, by Nathanial Dance, 1765
  4. 4. Italy: The Primary Destination  “A man who has not been in Italy is always conscious of an inferiority, from his not having seen what it is expected a man should see. The grand object of raveling is to see the Shores of the Mediterranean.”-Samuel Johnson
  5. 5. Traveling Through Italy  Traveled through cities such as Venice, Tuscany, Florence, Rome and Naples.  Rome was highlight of the Grand Tour for most.  Many were surprised by what they saw in Venice.
  6. 6. The Sights: Venice Feast of Ascension (Holy Thursday) The Feast of Sensa in St. Mark's Square. Francesco Guardi, 1780
  7. 7. Venice: “The City of Masks” PietroLonghi, artist who was able to capture the spirit of the Carnivale in Venice Venice Carnivale, 1755 A Masked Party in a Courtyard, 1755
  8. 8. The Sights: Naples Famous sights in Naples include Mount Vesuvius and the Ruins of Pompeii Vesuvius from Portici, Joseph Wright, 1785 The Excavations of Pompeii, Jakob Phillip Hackert,1799
  9. 9. The Sights: Rome View of the Coliseum and the Arch of Constantine, Antonio Joli, 1748
  10. 10. Thomas Cook: The Expansion of the Grand Tour  In 1845, He began to arrange travel accommodations and had a passion for planning excursions.  In 1850s, could offer more affordable tours of Scotland.  Tour Expanded to all parts of the world in 1870  Opened up Grand Tour to middle class
  11. 11. Mark Twain and the Grand Tour Mark Twain took his own Grand Tour in 1867, inspired by Thomas Cook. Wrote Innocents Abroad about his travels. “One must travel, to learn. Every day, now, old Scriptural phrases that never possessed any significance for me before, take to themselves a meaning.”- Mark Twain, Innocents Abroad
  12. 12.  The Euro Pass was invented in 1954  Allowed access to all trains in Europe  Affordable  Popular Among American College students and Americanized the Grand Tour  Ended its popularity among the young aristocrats of Britain