Modes of transport like wagons, donkeys/mules were introduced.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>The Greeks:</li></ul> Greeks were the first, who shaped the modern day travel.<br />Pleasure travel was popular.<br />Travel was advanced by two developments:<br /><ul><li> Currency exchange: Greek cities accepted foreign currency,making it easier for travelers.
Communication: The Greek empire covered the entire Mediterrenian thus the language was widely understood.</li></ul>They provided all the ammenities required.<br />
<ul><li>The Romans</li></ul>The prosperity of the roman empire was reflected in the development of travel.<br />The Romans included a large group of middle class who had money and time to travel.<br />They built excellent roads, transportation and communication systems.<br />They built rest houses.<br />
<ul><li>RENAISSANCE AND GRAND TOUR</li></ul> (AD 1763-1773)<br /><ul><li>The rise of Italy as intellectual capital of Europe .
GRAND TOUR – a tour to the principal cities and places of interest in Europe, formerly said to be an essential part of the education of the young man of ‘good birth’ and ‘fortune’.</li></ul> Main travelers were diplomats, business people, and scholars<br /> Mainly for career, education, culture, literary, health, scientific, business, and economic reasons.<br />
FATHER OF TOURISM AND TRAVEL<br />Thomas Cook is the Father of Tourism.<br />His first organized trip was ‘Leicester to Loughborough ’ in 1841.<br />It covered a distance of 22 km for 570 members.<br />He acted as an agent by buying tickets in bulk and selling it to others on a non profit basis.<br />This gave him an idea to package tours in a profitable manner.<br />
He organized the travel arrangements, accommodations, transport at the destinations and return to the homeland.<br /> He organized the first ‘inclusive tour’ to Paris Exhibition in 1855.<br /> ‘Hotel voucher’ was introduced by Thomas Cook in 1867 and ‘Circular Note’ in 1873 which made travel easier. <br /> First ‘Round the world tour’ in 1872.<br />