Nutrition

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  • Nutrition

    1. 1. Nutrition 101 Are your food choices making the grade?
    2. 2. ~ You are What you Eat ~ <ul><li>Nutrition is the study of how our body uses the food we eat to maintain our health. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Diet <ul><li>A diet is a pattern of eating that includes what a person eats, how much a person eats, and when a person eats. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Nutrition Facts
    5. 5. Six Essential Nutrients <ul><li>Carbohydrates </li></ul><ul><li>Fats </li></ul><ul><li>Proteins </li></ul><ul><li>Vitamins </li></ul><ul><li>Minerals </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul>
    6. 6. Carbs <ul><li>Monosaccharides are the major source of energy </li></ul><ul><li>Mono’s and Di’s metabolize quickly, while Poly’s take longer. </li></ul><ul><li>4 calories per gram </li></ul>
    7. 7. Low Carb / No Carb “Diets”
    8. 8. Fats <ul><li>Maintain healthy skin and hair, insulating body organs against shock, maintaining body temperature, and promoting healthy cell function. </li></ul><ul><li>Energy stores for the body. Fats are broken down in the body to release glycerol. </li></ul><ul><li>9 Calories per gram </li></ul>
    9. 9. The Skinny on Fat <ul><li>Fat gives us twice as many calories per gram as carbohydrates and protein </li></ul><ul><li>Quality v. Quantity </li></ul>
    10. 10. Protein <ul><li>Used to build and repair cellular structures. </li></ul><ul><li>Amino acids, Essential Vs Nonessential </li></ul><ul><li>4 Calories per gram </li></ul>
    11. 11. Vitamins <ul><li>Organic compounds used as coenzymes </li></ul><ul><li>Regulate proper body function </li></ul><ul><li>0 Calories per gram </li></ul><ul><li>Deficiencies </li></ul>
    12. 12. Minerals <ul><li>Chemical elements (inorganic) that our bodies need to function properly </li></ul><ul><li>Also used mostly as coenzymes or for building structures </li></ul><ul><li>0 calories per gram </li></ul>
    13. 13. Serving Size <ul><li>Not a portion, which is the amount of food a person wants to eat; In essence whatever amount you put on your plate </li></ul><ul><li>A serving size is the amount of food considered healthy for an average adult </li></ul><ul><li>Need v. Want </li></ul>
    14. 14. Portion Distortion
    15. 15. Reasons Why we eat <ul><li>It (food) was there </li></ul><ul><li>Social (family, holiday, outing) </li></ul><ul><li>Emotions (anger, sadness, happiness) </li></ul><ul><li>Someone Else </li></ul><ul><li>Nervousness </li></ul><ul><li>Stress </li></ul>
    16. 16. Factors that affect food choices <ul><li>Personal preference </li></ul><ul><li>Convenience </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural </li></ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul><ul><li>Religious </li></ul><ul><li>Availability/Variety </li></ul>
    17. 17. Hunger v. Appetite <ul><li>They are the same thing right? </li></ul>
    18. 18. Appetite <ul><li>Appetite is the psychological desire for food </li></ul>
    19. 19. Hunger Hunger is a physiological need for food.
    20. 20. What’s a Calorie? <ul><li>Unit of measurement for energy </li></ul><ul><li>The amount of energy needed to raise one gram of water 1 degree C. </li></ul><ul><li>3 of the 6 nutrients provide us with energy </li></ul>
    21. 21. Out with the old…       Food Guide Pyramid
    22. 22. In with the new… United States Department of Agriculture
    23. 23. Obesity <ul><li>Obesity is a condition characterized by a large percentage of body fat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High cholesterol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High Blood Pressure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heart disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diabetes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stroke </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cancer (certain forms) </li></ul></ul>
    24. 24. Let’s get physical <ul><li>Partnership </li></ul><ul><li>Pedometer </li></ul><ul><li>Compare yourself to Yourself </li></ul>
    25. 25. Think outside the Box…
    26. 26. Bag…
    27. 27. Can
    28. 28. Body Image <ul><li>Body Image is the way you feel about and perceive your body </li></ul>
    29. 29. Eating Disorders <ul><li>A disease that involves an unhealthy concern with one’s body weight and shape. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anorexia Nervosa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Self-starvation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Extreme weight loss </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bulimia Nervosa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Binge & Purge </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Binge-eating Disorder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bingeing </li></ul></ul></ul>
    30. 30. Top 10 Leading Causes of Death <ul><li>Top 6 leading causes of death all associated with obesity </li></ul><ul><li>Heart Disease </li></ul><ul><li>Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Stroke </li></ul><ul><li>Chronic lower respiratory diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Accidents (unintentional injuries) </li></ul>National Center for Health Statistics

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