Nutrition
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Transcript

  • 1. Nutrition 101 Are your food choices making the grade?
  • 2. ~ You are What you Eat ~
    • Nutrition is the study of how our body uses the food we eat to maintain our health.
  • 3. Diet
    • A diet is a pattern of eating that includes what a person eats, how much a person eats, and when a person eats.
  • 4. Nutrition Facts
  • 5. Six Essential Nutrients
    • Carbohydrates
    • Fats
    • Proteins
    • Vitamins
    • Minerals
    • Water
  • 6. Carbs
    • Monosaccharides are the major source of energy
    • Mono’s and Di’s metabolize quickly, while Poly’s take longer.
    • 4 calories per gram
  • 7. Low Carb / No Carb “Diets”
  • 8. Fats
    • Maintain healthy skin and hair, insulating body organs against shock, maintaining body temperature, and promoting healthy cell function.
    • Energy stores for the body. Fats are broken down in the body to release glycerol.
    • 9 Calories per gram
  • 9. The Skinny on Fat
    • Fat gives us twice as many calories per gram as carbohydrates and protein
    • Quality v. Quantity
  • 10. Protein
    • Used to build and repair cellular structures.
    • Amino acids, Essential Vs Nonessential
    • 4 Calories per gram
  • 11. Vitamins
    • Organic compounds used as coenzymes
    • Regulate proper body function
    • 0 Calories per gram
    • Deficiencies
  • 12. Minerals
    • Chemical elements (inorganic) that our bodies need to function properly
    • Also used mostly as coenzymes or for building structures
    • 0 calories per gram
  • 13. Serving Size
    • Not a portion, which is the amount of food a person wants to eat; In essence whatever amount you put on your plate
    • A serving size is the amount of food considered healthy for an average adult
    • Need v. Want
  • 14. Portion Distortion
  • 15. Reasons Why we eat
    • It (food) was there
    • Social (family, holiday, outing)
    • Emotions (anger, sadness, happiness)
    • Someone Else
    • Nervousness
    • Stress
  • 16. Factors that affect food choices
    • Personal preference
    • Convenience
    • Cost
    • Cultural
    • Social
    • Religious
    • Availability/Variety
  • 17. Hunger v. Appetite
    • They are the same thing right?
  • 18. Appetite
    • Appetite is the psychological desire for food
  • 19. Hunger Hunger is a physiological need for food.
  • 20. What’s a Calorie?
    • Unit of measurement for energy
    • The amount of energy needed to raise one gram of water 1 degree C.
    • 3 of the 6 nutrients provide us with energy
  • 21. Out with the old…       Food Guide Pyramid
  • 22. In with the new… United States Department of Agriculture
  • 23. Obesity
    • Obesity is a condition characterized by a large percentage of body fat
      • High cholesterol
      • High Blood Pressure
      • Heart disease
      • Diabetes
      • Stroke
      • Cancer (certain forms)
  • 24. Let’s get physical
    • Partnership
    • Pedometer
    • Compare yourself to Yourself
  • 25. Think outside the Box…
  • 26. Bag…
  • 27. Can
  • 28. Body Image
    • Body Image is the way you feel about and perceive your body
  • 29. Eating Disorders
    • A disease that involves an unhealthy concern with one’s body weight and shape.
      • Anorexia Nervosa
        • Self-starvation
        • Extreme weight loss
      • Bulimia Nervosa
        • Binge & Purge
      • Binge-eating Disorder
        • Bingeing
  • 30. Top 10 Leading Causes of Death
    • Top 6 leading causes of death all associated with obesity
    • Heart Disease
    • Cancer
    • Stroke
    • Chronic lower respiratory diseases
    • Diabetes
    • Accidents (unintentional injuries)
    National Center for Health Statistics