Nutrition 101 Are your food choices making the grade?
~ You are What you Eat ~
- Nutrition is the study of how our body uses the food we eat to maintain our health.
- A diet is a pattern of eating that includes what a person eats, how much a person eats, and when a person eats.
Six Essential Nutrients
- Monosaccharides are the major source of energy
- Mono’s and Di’s metabolize quickly, while Poly’s take longer.
Low Carb / No Carb “Diets”
- Maintain healthy skin and hair, insulating body organs against shock, maintaining body temperature, and promoting healthy cell function.
- Energy stores for the body. Fats are broken down in the body to release glycerol.
The Skinny on Fat
- Fat gives us twice as many calories per gram as carbohydrates and protein
- Used to build and repair cellular structures.
- Amino acids, Essential Vs Nonessential
- Organic compounds used as coenzymes
- Regulate proper body function
- Chemical elements (inorganic) that our bodies need to function properly
- Also used mostly as coenzymes or for building structures
- Not a portion, which is the amount of food a person wants to eat; In essence whatever amount you put on your plate
- A serving size is the amount of food considered healthy for an average adult
Reasons Why we eat
- Social (family, holiday, outing)
- Emotions (anger, sadness, happiness)
Factors that affect food choices
Hunger v. Appetite
- They are the same thing right?
- Appetite is the psychological desire for food
Hunger Hunger is a physiological need for food.
What’s a Calorie?
- Unit of measurement for energy
- The amount of energy needed to raise one gram of water 1 degree C.
- 3 of the 6 nutrients provide us with energy
Out with the old… Food Guide Pyramid
In with the new… United States Department of Agriculture
- Obesity is a condition characterized by a large percentage of body fat
Let’s get physical
- Compare yourself to Yourself
Think outside the Box…
- Body Image is the way you feel about and perceive your body
- A disease that involves an unhealthy concern with one’s body weight and shape.
Top 10 Leading Causes of Death
- Top 6 leading causes of death all associated with obesity
- Chronic lower respiratory diseases
National Center for Health Statistics
- Accidents (unintentional injuries)