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Nutrition 101

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Nutrition from A to Z
-nutrients
-calories
-fat
-carbs
-appetite v. hunger
-breakfast
-body image
-eating disorders
-portion control
-diseases
-obesity
-nutrition facts
-serving size
-food guide pyramid

Published in: Health & Medicine
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Nutrition 101

  1. 1. Nutrition 101 Are your food choices making the grade?
  2. 2. ~ You are What you Eat ~ <ul><li>Nutrition is the study of how our body uses the food we eat to maintain our health. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>“It’s good to Eat When You are Hungry” </li></ul><ul><li>BREAK FAST </li></ul>
  4. 4. Hunger v. Appetite <ul><li>They are the same thing right? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Hunger Hunger is a physiological need for food.
  6. 6. Appetite <ul><li>Appetite is the psychological desire for food </li></ul>
  7. 7. Diet <ul><li>A diet is a pattern of eating that includes what a person eats, how much a person eats, and when a person eats. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Ask the Right questions <ul><li>Why? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Reasons Why we eat <ul><li>It (food) was there </li></ul><ul><li>Social (family, holiday, outing) </li></ul><ul><li>Emotions (anger, sadness, happiness) </li></ul><ul><li>Someone Else </li></ul><ul><li>Nervousness </li></ul><ul><li>Stress </li></ul>
  10. 10. Factors that affect food choices <ul><li>Personal preference </li></ul><ul><li>Convenience </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural </li></ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul><ul><li>Religious </li></ul><ul><li>Availability/Variety </li></ul>
  11. 11. Body Image <ul><li>Body Image is the way you feel about and perceive your body </li></ul>
  12. 12. Eating Disorders <ul><li>A disease that involves an unhealthy concern with one’s body weight and shape. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anorexia Nervosa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Self-starvation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Extreme weight loss </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bulimia Nervosa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Binge & Purge </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Binge-eating Disorder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bingeing </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>The latest data from the National Center for Health Statistics show that 30 percent of U.S. adults 20 years of age and older are obese. </li></ul><ul><li>An estimated 119 million Americans, or 64.5 percent, of adults are either overweight or obese. </li></ul>Centers for Disease Control
  14. 14. Obesity <ul><li>Obesity is a condition characterized by a large percentage of body fat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High cholesterol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High Blood Pressure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heart disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diabetes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stroke </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cancer (certain forms) </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Top 10 Leading Causes of Death <ul><li>Top 6 leading causes of death all associated with obesity </li></ul><ul><li>Heart Disease </li></ul><ul><li>Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Stroke </li></ul><ul><li>Chronic lower respiratory diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Accidents (unintentional injuries) </li></ul>National Center for Health Statistics
  16. 16. Infamous Freshman 15
  17. 17. Dietary Guidelines <ul><li>Guide for healthy eating for Americans age 2 and up </li></ul>USDA & DHHS
  18. 18. Moderation <ul><li>Moderation </li></ul><ul><li>Moderation </li></ul><ul><li>Moderation </li></ul>
  19. 19. What’s a Calorie? <ul><li>Unit of measurement for energy </li></ul><ul><li>3 of the 6 nutrients provide us with energy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbohydrate – 1 g = 4 calories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protein – 1 g = 4 calories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fat – 1 g = 9 calories </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Nutrition Facts
  21. 21. The Skinny on Fat <ul><li>Fat gives us twice as many calories per gram as carbohydrates and protein </li></ul><ul><li>Quality v. Quantity </li></ul>
  22. 22. Serving Size <ul><li>Not a portion, which is the amount of food a person wants to eat; In essence whatever amount you put on your plate </li></ul><ul><li>A serving size is the amount of food considered healthy for an average adult </li></ul><ul><li>Need v. Want </li></ul>
  23. 23. Portion Distortion
  24. 24. Carb Count <ul><li>Carbohydrates are vital for our diet </li></ul><ul><li>One of the six essential nutrients </li></ul><ul><li>Source of energy for the body </li></ul><ul><li>Similar to gas for the car, our body will not function without carbohydrates. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Low Carb / No Carb “Diets”
  26. 26. Baked Potato
  27. 27. “ Loaded” Baked Potato
  28. 28. Load of Calories <ul><li>Butter </li></ul><ul><li>Sour cream </li></ul><ul><li>Cheese </li></ul><ul><li>Bacon </li></ul><ul><li>Ranch </li></ul>
  29. 29. 5 A Day
  30. 30. Add Color to your plate
  31. 31. Out with the old…       Food Guide Pyramid
  32. 32. In with the new… United States Department of Agriculture
  33. 33. Let’s get physical <ul><li>Partnership </li></ul><ul><li>Pedometer </li></ul><ul><li>Compare yourself to Yourself </li></ul>
  34. 34. Think outside the Box…
  35. 35. Bag…
  36. 36. Can
  37. 37. Homework <ul><li>“Diet” Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>“SuperSize Me for a Week” caloric calculations </li></ul><ul><li>Visit mypyramid.gov </li></ul>
  38. 38. Evaluation <ul><li>One thing you learned from the presentation </li></ul><ul><li>A question that the presentation evoked </li></ul><ul><li>Something you will do as a result of today’s presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Additional comments </li></ul>
  39. 39. <ul><li>Thank you for your time. I have enjoyed meeting with you today. </li></ul><ul><li>Charlotte R. Williams, MAEd, CHES </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>“ Providing timely solutions for </li></ul><ul><li>Community Health needs” </li></ul>Nutrition 101 Are your food choices making the grade?

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