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The Exemplary Middle School



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  • 1. Middle School Curriculum
    The Exemplary Middle School
  • 2. Early adolescence is a unique and significant period in human development….the end of an individual’s childhood years…the beginning of youth or young adulthood….in a state of metamorphosis. No longer children, but yet not adults, they are in a world of their own somewhere in between.
  • 3. Three Phases of Adolescence
    Early 10 – 14
    Middle 14 – 18
    Late 18 +
    What are the
    characteristics of MG?
  • 4. Eight Tasks to Successful Development
    * Mature socially with both sexes
    * Male or feminine social role
    * Health of the body
    * Independence from parents
    * Preparing for marriage/family life
    * Values and ethical framework
    * Socially responsible behavior
    **Robert J. Havinghurst 1972
  • 5. “Puberty and entrance into middle school typically define the beginning of adolescence.” Roth & Brooks-Gunn 1999
    What are the differences between boys and girls?
  • 6. Adolescent Development
    Average age of puberty
    dropped from 16 to 12
    AIDS is the 6th leading
    cause of MG death
    Each day 3,000 MG
    smoke their first cigarette
    More than half of
    MG are overweight
    (see p. 1 & 8 of textbook)
  • 7. Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences - 1983
  • 8. Spatial Intelligence
  • 9. Musical Intelligence
  • 10. Bodily Kinesthetic Intelligence
  • 11. Interpersonal Intelligence
  • 12. IntrapersonalIntelligence
  • 13. Linguistic Intelligence
  • 14. Logical Math Intelligence
  • 15. Emotional Intelligence
    Self-awareness *Read emotions
    Control impulses *Feels empathy
    Maintains relationships *Social deftness
    Self-motivated toward success despite defeat
  • 16. Stages of MG Moral Development
    #1 – What they
    can get away
  • 17. Stage # 2
    Where what is right
    and wrong depends
    on who is involved
    and their
  • 18. Stage # 3 – The desire to please others and win acceptance – group approval is now important
  • 19. Stage # 4 – Need for social order beyond individual benefit and beyond approval of the group (very advanced and rarely achieved by middle schoolers)
  • 20. The Major Task of Adolescence
    The struggle between identify versus isolation.
    To develop an identity of value & uniqueness.
    Self-respect – Relationships – Peers -- Intimacy
  • 21. 7 Cardinal Principals of Effective Schools for Adolescent Success
    # 1 --
    * Emotional support
    encouragement –
    Particularly so that
    students feel known
    and cared for
  • 22. # 2 --
    Opportunities for students
    to exercise appropriate
    autonomous control
    over certain aspects of
    their own learning.
  • 23. # 3 – Support for the development of noncompetitive, non-judgmental, and non-comparative ways.
  • 24. # 4 – Meaningful, rigorous, unfragmented, and socially approved curriculum, connected to the lives of the students with expectations for success for all students.
  • 25. # 5 – Organizational and operational strategies that yield a sense of personal identity – a feeling of smallness even in large schools.
  • 26. # 6 –
    Particular support for
    the growing number
    of students who need
    more than the basic
    services to be
  • 27. # 7 – Constructivist-style, active, social, experiental classroom learning experiences
  • 28. Summary –
    The development of a sense of identity may be the central task of early adolescence.
  • 29. Many millions of young adolescents are at risk of failing to craft such an identity and, consequently, are failing in middle school.
  • 30. Middle schools can make a big difference in the degree of success such students experience.
  • 31. My parents keep asking how school was. It’s like saying, “How was that drive-by shooting? You don’t care….You’re lucky you got out alive.” --XxDailyDreamsX
    My p
  • 32. Look at all the little girlstrying to be Beautifulbecause if your anything elseyou wont survive -- XxDailyDreamsX
  • 33. Middle School = DRAMA to the 10th Power….Squared !
  • 34.
  • 35. All materials and quotes are adapted from “The Exemplary Middle School” (3rd edition) by Paul S. George and William M. Alexander
    Thomson-Wadsworth Publishers 2003