Chapter 5, Section 3

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chapter 5, section 3: SOC

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Chapter 5, Section 3

  1. 1. Chapter 5, section 3 <ul><li>Agents of Socialization </li></ul><ul><li>Goals: </li></ul><ul><li>To identify the most important agents of socialization in the US. </li></ul><ul><li>2. To analyze and discuss how family and education are important social institutions. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Agents of socialization <ul><li>Describes the specific individuals, groups, and institutions that enable socialization to take place </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1. Family <ul><li>Most important? </li></ul><ul><li>Deliberate and unintended - how to be or how to do… </li></ul><ul><li>Do as I say </li></ul><ul><li>Differs from family to family, ethnicities to ethnicities, religion to religion </li></ul>
  4. 4. 2. Peer Group <ul><li>Primary group composed of individuals of equal age and similar social characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Peer pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Different norms and values than larger culture </li></ul><ul><li>Think about your peer groups, how do you think they have helped you with socialization? </li></ul>
  5. 5. 3. School <ul><li>30 weeks a year at school - major socialization… </li></ul><ul><li>Deliberate - reading, writing, arithmetic, school dances, clubs, athletic events, patriotism, responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Unintended - role models </li></ul>
  6. 6. 4. Mass Media <ul><li>Books, films, internet, magazines, newspapers, radio, television </li></ul><ul><li>Television probably has most influence…or is it the internet? </li></ul><ul><li>TV = primary after-school activity for 6 to 17 year olds </li></ul><ul><li>How does this affect us? By 18 kids will have seen 200,000 fictional acts of violence </li></ul><ul><li>Does TV influence us to be more violent? </li></ul><ul><li>OR, does TV expand the viewers’ world </li></ul>
  7. 7. 5. Resocialization <ul><li>Total institution: setting in which people are isolated from the rest of society for a set period of time and are subject to tight control </li></ul><ul><li>Prisons, military boot camp, monasteries, psychiatric hospitals </li></ul><ul><li>A break with past experiences and the learning of new values and norms </li></ul><ul><li>Must strip away semblance of individual identity and replace it with institutional identity </li></ul>

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