The Exemplary Middle School

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The Exemplary Middle School

  1. 1. Middle School Curriculum<br />The Exemplary Middle School<br />
  2. 2. Early adolescence is a unique and significant period in human development….the end of an individual’s childhood years…the beginning of youth or young adulthood….in a state of metamorphosis. No longer children, but yet not adults, they are in a world of their own somewhere in between.<br />
  3. 3. Three Phases of Adolescence<br />Early 10 – 14<br />Middle 14 – 18<br />Late 18 + <br />What are the <br />characteristics of MG?<br />
  4. 4. Eight Tasks to Successful Development<br /> * Mature socially with both sexes<br /> * Male or feminine social role<br /> * Health of the body<br /> * Independence from parents <br /> * Preparing for marriage/family life<br /> * Values and ethical framework<br /> * Socially responsible behavior <br /> **Robert J. Havinghurst 1972<br />
  5. 5. “Puberty and entrance into middle school typically define the beginning of adolescence.” Roth & Brooks-Gunn 1999<br />What are the differences between boys and girls?<br />
  6. 6. Adolescent Development<br />Average age of puberty <br />dropped from 16 to 12 <br />AIDS is the 6th leading<br />cause of MG death<br />Each day 3,000 MG<br />smoke their first cigarette<br />More than half of<br />MG are overweight<br />(see p. 1 & 8 of textbook)<br />
  7. 7. Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences - 1983<br />
  8. 8. Spatial Intelligence<br />
  9. 9. Musical Intelligence<br />
  10. 10. Bodily Kinesthetic Intelligence<br />
  11. 11. Interpersonal Intelligence<br />
  12. 12. IntrapersonalIntelligence<br />
  13. 13. Linguistic Intelligence<br />
  14. 14. Logical Math Intelligence<br />
  15. 15. Emotional Intelligence<br />Self-awareness *Read emotions<br />Control impulses *Feels empathy<br />Maintains relationships *Social deftness<br />Self-motivated toward success despite defeat<br />
  16. 16. Stages of MG Moral Development<br />#1 – What they <br />can get away <br />with<br />
  17. 17. Stage # 2<br />Where what is right<br />and wrong depends<br />on who is involved<br />and their<br />relationship<br />
  18. 18. Stage # 3 – The desire to please others and win acceptance – group approval is now important <br />
  19. 19. Stage # 4 – Need for social order beyond individual benefit and beyond approval of the group (very advanced and rarely achieved by middle schoolers)<br />
  20. 20. The Major Task of Adolescence<br />The struggle between identify versus isolation.<br />To develop an identity of value & uniqueness. <br />Self-respect – Relationships – Peers -- Intimacy<br />
  21. 21. 7 Cardinal Principals of Effective Schools for Adolescent Success<br /> # 1 --<br /> * Emotional support <br /> and<br /> encouragement –<br /> Particularly so that <br /> students feel known<br /> and cared for<br />
  22. 22. # 2 --<br /> Opportunities for students<br /> to exercise appropriate<br /> autonomous control <br /> over certain aspects of<br /> their own learning. <br />
  23. 23. # 3 – Support for the development of noncompetitive, non-judgmental, and non-comparative ways.<br />
  24. 24. # 4 – Meaningful, rigorous, unfragmented, and socially approved curriculum, connected to the lives of the students with expectations for success for all students.<br />
  25. 25. # 5 – Organizational and operational strategies that yield a sense of personal identity – a feeling of smallness even in large schools.<br />
  26. 26. # 6 –<br />Particular support for <br />the growing number <br />of students who need<br />more than the basic<br />services to be<br />academically<br />successful.<br />
  27. 27. # 7 – Constructivist-style, active, social, experiental classroom learning experiences<br />
  28. 28. Summary –<br />The development of a sense of identity may be the central task of early adolescence.<br />
  29. 29. Many millions of young adolescents are at risk of failing to craft such an identity and, consequently, are failing in middle school.<br />
  30. 30. Middle schools can make a big difference in the degree of success such students experience.<br />
  31. 31. My parents keep asking how school was. It’s like saying, “How was that drive-by shooting? You don’t care….You’re lucky you got out alive.” --XxDailyDreamsX<br />My p<br />
  32. 32. Look at all the little girlstrying to be Beautifulbecause if your anything elseyou wont survive -- XxDailyDreamsX<br />
  33. 33. Middle School = DRAMA to the 10th Power….Squared !<br />
  34. 34.
  35. 35. All materials and quotes are adapted from “The Exemplary Middle School” (3rd edition) by Paul S. George and William M. Alexander <br />Thomson-Wadsworth Publishers 2003<br />

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