FE401: Chapter IV - Socialization


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Foundation of Education
Semester 1, Year 4

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FE401: Chapter IV - Socialization

  1. 1. 1<br />ROYAL UNIVERSITY OF PHNOM PENH<br />INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES<br />DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH<br />Chapter IV<br />SOCIALIZATION<br />COURSE LECTURER:<br />Mr. IN Vichea<br />Class: E4.5<br />Year 2010-2011<br />GROUP: I<br /><ul><li>Mr. BUT Boreth
  2. 2. Mr. CHEA Piseth
  3. 3. Ms. CHOUP Soksetha
  4. 4. Ms. DAV Sokunthea
  5. 5. Mr. HEANG Dolla</li></li></ul><li>OUTLINE:<br />Chapter IV: Socialization<br /> - Unit 1: Introduction to Socialization<br /> - Unit 2: The Individual and Society<br />2<br />
  6. 6. Unit 1: Introduction to Socialization<br />Definition: <br /> Socialization is the process of learning the customs, attitudes, and values of a racial group, community, or culture.<br />3<br /><ul><li>Importance of socialization for individual
  7. 7. Socialization Vs enculturation (anthropologist)
  8. 8. Successful Socialization</li></ul>© geocities.com<br />
  9. 9. How children are socialized?<br /><ul><li>Begins shortly after birth
  10. 10. Most intense and crucial socialization is childhood
  11. 11. As entering to new statuses, we need to learn the appropriate role for them
  12. 12. Experience can change our expectation, beliefs and personality</li></ul>4<br />© preschools4all.com<br />
  13. 13. 5<br />Socialization: taught through formal and informal education<br /><ul><li>Formal: in class, structured, controlled and directed primarily by adult teachers
  14. 14. Informal: involved imitation of what others do, say, experiment and repetitive practice</li></ul>© hdc.com.mv<br />© hubpages.com<br />
  15. 15. Early socialization<br />6<br />
  16. 16. Two general conclusions from the study:<br />Socialization practices varied markedly from society to society.<br />Socialization practices were generally similar <br />among people of the same society<br />We socialize our children in much the same way that our parents socialize us<br />7<br />
  17. 17. Will you do the same way to your children as you were raised?<br />Would you spank them?<br />Would you threaten or praise?<br />Would you try to make your children self-reliant or dependent?<br />8<br />© healthandlife.in<br />Significant actions of parents can have major impacts on their children’s socialization<br />
  18. 18. Unit 2:<br />THE INDIVIDUAL AND SOCIETY<br />I- Socialization through the Life Course<br />9<br /><ul><li>No social scientists would raise an infant without socialization
  19. 19. Socialization is particularly important during childhood </li></ul>(Two evidences)<br />© mediaphilosopher.com<br />
  20. 20. 10<br />I- Socialization through the Life Course (cont.)<br /><ul><li>Anna, the illegitimate and unwanted child of a famer’s (K.Davis, 1949)
  21. 21. Rene Spitz (1951) and Bowlby (1973) have the same results of the studies of infants in orphanages</li></li></ul><li>11<br />I- Socialization through the Life Course (cont.)<br /><ul><li>Adult socialization</li></ul>When two people who have been living together for years<br /><ul><li>When people immigrate to other countries</li></ul>© qwickstep.com<br />
  22. 22. II- Socialization and Social Interaction<br /><ul><li> Socialization Theories:</li></ul>1<br />The Looking-Glass Self<br />(by Charles Horton Cooley, 1864-1929)<br />2<br />Role-Taking<br />(by George Herbert Mead, 1863-1931)<br />3<br />The Internal Dynamics of Socialization<br />(by Sigmund Freud, 1856-1939)<br />12<br />
  23. 23. 1<br />The Looking-Glass Self<br />(by Charles Horton Cooley, 1864-1929)<br />13<br /><ul><li> Sense of “Self”:</li></ul>  not born with<br />  but we construct it from our interaction<br /><ul><li>Mixture of social action:</li></ul>  observation<br />  imagination<br />  subjective interpretation<br />
  24. 24. 14<br />1<br />The Looking-Glass Self<br />(by Charles Horton Cooley, 1864-1929)<br />1- We imagine how <br />we appear to others<br />2- We interpret<br />other’s reaction<br />3- We develop a <br />self-concept<br />© Wikipedia.org<br />
  25. 25. 15<br />2<br />Role-Taking<br />(by George Herbert Mead, 1863-1931)<br />- Trace the development of self-awareness to early social interaction<br />- Self – from experience as we learn to interpret situation by “taking on the role of other”<br />Self-monitoring<br /><br />Feedback<br /><br />Social actions<br />
  26. 26. 16<br />2<br />Role-Taking<br />(by George Herbert Mead, 1863-1931)<br />A sense of self emerge<br /><br />“I” and “me”<br />“I” <br /><ul><li> self as subject
  27. 27. initiator of thoughts and actions</li></ul><br />ex: I am hungry.<br />“me”<br /><ul><li> self as object
  28. 28. the part that the “I” and other observe, respond to, and assess.</li></ul><br />ex: Mummy feeds me.<br />
  29. 29. 17<br />2<br />Role-Taking<br />(by George Herbert Mead, 1863-1931)<br /><ul><li>Children learn to take role of other from:</li></ul>1- imitation (gesture, words)<br /><br />2- significant others (specific role)<br />example: - playing mother fussing babies<br />- playing teacher presenting a lesson to the class<br /><br />3- generalized other (role of the group)<br />
  30. 30. 18<br />3<br />The Internal Dynamics of Socialization<br />(by Sigmund Freud, 1856-1939)<br /><ul><li>ID
  31. 31. Ego
  32. 32. Superego
  33. 33. Psyche develop
  34. 34. Demand</li></ul> Conclusion<br />
  35. 35. 19<br />Thank you for your attention.<br />Questions and Answers<br />Q&A<br />