Law 4:
The Law of
Retention
Method & Maximisers
Sunday 7 November 2010
The essence of the Law of
Retention is in these three
words:
“master the minimum.”
The teacher should enable all
students ...
Wilkinson introduces the Walk
Thru the Bible approach to speed
teaching - which as been used
successfully all over the wor...
Material
Research
Survey
Prepare
Minimum
Reduce
Select
Prioritise
Mindeasy
Rearrange
Simplify
Package
Sunday 7 November 20...
Master
Retain
Skillful
Proficiency
Memorise
Review
Solidify
Practice
Mindeasy
Rearrange
Simplify
Package
Sunday 7 November ...
Teacher does research and
gathers material - they
survey the entire subject.
The more painstaking the
preparation the bett...
Get a birds eye view of the
subject.
No in depth study here - glance
at things and get an idea of them.
Expose your mind t...
Categorise the subject into
major units of thought. Look at
the best sources and see how
they divide the material, make a
...
A = must be required
B = very helpful but not
required
C = might be of help but
somewhat optional
D = minimal help to
stud...
Review categories and
construct a logical order of
presentation for them.
You might review your A, B
and C categories at t...
Now boil down your content
to a minimum - reduce it by
selecting the appropriate
material - prioritise what you
want.
Be c...
You will discard some
material you had prepared -
not all content is equally
important. Great teachers
know what to exclud...
You will discard some
material you had prepared -
not all content is equally
important. Great teachers
know what to exclud...
There are levels of
awareness:
Surface - I have heard of it
and know a little
Average - I learned that and
generally know ...
In the law of retention the teacher is
responsible for:
1. Selection of information to be
taught
2. Determining which leve...
Identify the facts and concepts
required for an acceptable
level of comprehension - the
irreducible minimum. Review
this r...
Now you have to go from the
material to the minds of your
students!
“Too many teachers believe that
teaching is the presen...
If the teacher is responsible for
causing the student to learn
they have to identify and use
the most efficient methods so
...
He suggests 2 steps in moulding
content in this mind-easy stage:
1. Easy to understand
2. Easy to memorise
Consider first t...
Secondly look at the degree of memorability -
having made it easy to understand make it easy to
memorise.
Don’t expect stu...
Stages 1-3 take place outside
of the classroom.
Now you come to transferring
the truth - which is the goal of
this law - e...
Good teaching is not about lots of
new concepts.
Christ in the Gospels is seen to
review his main content repeatedly
simpl...
1. Review is the primary method by
which people memorise
2. ...is effective only if the students
understand the material
3...
5. ...should be regularly
practiced but spaced less
frequently over time
6. ...should continue until all
students demonstr...
This stage leads us from
memorisation to application of
material - now they have to
develop independent proficiency,
to hav...
Students know the content so
well it is stuck in their memory
forever.
This happens through regular
review; resulting in r...
Beyond surface meaning and
understanding -
understanding meaning and
significance of facts.
2. In-depth comprehension
Sunda...
When a class senses how the
facts can be used beyond the
immediate context.
One person said, “Now we
read books for answer...
When the teacher is not there
and there is no external
pressure - did the students use
the content you taught them?
Not di...
Wilkinson suggests you use
class and homework to
compliment each other, “as
memorisation and
comprehension of the facts
sh...
Sunday 7 November 2010
The essence of the Law of
Retention is in these three
words:
“master the minimum.”
The teacher should enable all
students ...
Retention Maximizers
Sunday 7 November 2010
Speed teaching enables speed
learning.
No matter how much the student
desires to learn quickly and
thoroughly in class the...
These methods are the primary
means a teacher uses to make
material memorable and easy for a
student to memorise.
They are...
Music has been used in speed
teaching across every age - the ABC
song - nothing else compares with it
because God put it i...
Most experiences blend different
senses.
We don’t describe the experience
using our senses - but as a result of
using thos...
Why do you take pictures
and put them in an album or
on facebook? Because they
are an incredibly effective
sensory lever i...
To be really effective develop
one picture which links all of
your content.
Many different things are
remembered by using ...
For many years stories were
the paper upon which facts
were written for the next
generation - extended
families gathered a...
Stories are very effective for passing
on information in preaching, teaching
and normal conversation. Often you
might reme...
Easiest and most used of the 7.
Maximiser 3: Transfer the
facts by alphabet
Sunday 7 November 2010
Popular uses of this method include:
1. Using all the same letter:
Romans outlined using the letter S
1. Salutation 1:1-17...
2. All the same last
letters which rhyme:
The doctrine of scripture;
Inspiration
Revelation
Illumination
Preservation
This...
2. All the same last
letters which rhyme:
The doctrine of scripture;
Inspiration
Revelation
Illumination
Preservation
This...
3. All the first letters form
a word.
The 7 Laws of the Learner
Learner
Expectation
Application
Retention
Need
Equipping
Re...
God used memory objects
such as; the tabernacle, the
ark, tablets of stone, a pile of
stones
and, memory actions like;
the...
Real life dramatic
moments are very
powerful - violence,
passion, loss etc. - they
can be ones we try to
remember or forge...
This is useful for some
information - it is limited
and best for just one point
- a person bringing a lamb
and laying thei...
People listen to music all the
time - we pick up many
songs, adverts, jingles
through music.
The book of Psalms
Eph 5:18-1...
Very good for relationships,
flow, direction etc.
Maximiser 7: Summarise the
facts with graphs and charts
Sunday 7 November...
Sunday 7 November 2010
Sunday 7 November 2010
Sunday 7 November 2010
The essence of the Law of
Retention is in these three
words:
“master the minimum.”
The teacher should enable all
students ...
1. Why do so few teachers boil down their content
to the minimum?
2. How do you make cramming for exams most
effective? Ca...
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Bruce Wilkinson, 7 Laws of the Learner: Law 4 Retention_b maximisers

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Bruce Wilkinson, 7 Laws of the Learner: Law 4 Retention_b maximisers

  1. 1. Law 4: The Law of Retention Method & Maximisers Sunday 7 November 2010
  2. 2. The essence of the Law of Retention is in these three words: “master the minimum.” The teacher should enable all students to enjoy maximum mastery of the irreducible minimum Sunday 7 November 2010
  3. 3. Wilkinson introduces the Walk Thru the Bible approach to speed teaching - which as been used successfully all over the world. It has 5 stages and will be followed here by 7 universal ways to make all material “mind easy” so students can memorise the irreducible minimum easily and enjoyably. Retention Method Sunday 7 November 2010
  4. 4. Material Research Survey Prepare Minimum Reduce Select Prioritise Mindeasy Rearrange Simplify Package Sunday 7 November 2010
  5. 5. Master Retain Skillful Proficiency Memorise Review Solidify Practice Mindeasy Rearrange Simplify Package Sunday 7 November 2010
  6. 6. Teacher does research and gathers material - they survey the entire subject. The more painstaking the preparation the better the results Stage 1: Material Sunday 7 November 2010
  7. 7. Get a birds eye view of the subject. No in depth study here - glance at things and get an idea of them. Expose your mind to the major sections of material 1. Overview the subject Sunday 7 November 2010
  8. 8. Categorise the subject into major units of thought. Look at the best sources and see how they divide the material, make a list of possible categories. Then evaluate what you have done, giving a code to each subject area. 2. Organise the subject Sunday 7 November 2010
  9. 9. A = must be required B = very helpful but not required C = might be of help but somewhat optional D = minimal help to students F = not helpful, maybe even confusing List your categories in order of priority - you now should feel comfortable with the broader concepts Sunday 7 November 2010
  10. 10. Review categories and construct a logical order of presentation for them. You might review your A, B and C categories at this stage. After doing this for major categories construct minor ones. 3. Outline the subject Sunday 7 November 2010
  11. 11. Now boil down your content to a minimum - reduce it by selecting the appropriate material - prioritise what you want. Be careful: we wrongly believe that a greater quantity of content covered is better than a greater quantity of content learned - what do you want the student to have learned? Stage 2: Minimum Sunday 7 November 2010
  12. 12. You will discard some material you had prepared - not all content is equally important. Great teachers know what to exclude and include. Eliminate average material! How do you choose? 1. Audience 2. Time 3. Purpose Sunday 7 November 2010
  13. 13. You will discard some material you had prepared - not all content is equally important. Great teachers know what to exclude and include. Eliminate average material! How do you choose? 1. Audience 2. Time 3. Purpose When a student asks, “Do I really need to know this” they are really asking, “How important is this material?” - is it important enough to memorise? Sunday 7 November 2010
  14. 14. There are levels of awareness: Surface - I have heard of it and know a little Average - I learned that and generally know how it works Thorough - I know all about it, here are the key points Each level is taught, and assessed differently. Sunday 7 November 2010
  15. 15. In the law of retention the teacher is responsible for: 1. Selection of information to be taught 2. Determining which level the material should be learned. 3. Communicating material to the student at the right level. 4. Presenting selected information in a way that it is learned at the right level. 5. Examination of material at the level of understanding announced. Sunday 7 November 2010
  16. 16. Identify the facts and concepts required for an acceptable level of comprehension - the irreducible minimum. Review this repeatedly. By the end of the minimum stage the content has been reevaluated and reprioritised - large areas of fat have been ruthlessly trimmed off. More space is now given to the important and have been very careful about secondary material. Sunday 7 November 2010
  17. 17. Now you have to go from the material to the minds of your students! “Too many teachers believe that teaching is the presentation of facts by the teacher rather than memorisation by the students.” We have to be student orientated in our approach. Stage 3: Mind-Easy Sunday 7 November 2010
  18. 18. If the teacher is responsible for causing the student to learn they have to identify and use the most efficient methods so the students learn in the class. You rearrange and simplify your material - moulding the package so it slips effortlessly into students minds Wilkinson likens this to cramming for an exam - except the teacher does it, taking the randomness out of the process. Sunday 7 November 2010
  19. 19. He suggests 2 steps in moulding content in this mind-easy stage: 1. Easy to understand 2. Easy to memorise Consider first the degree of understandability required Different Bibles require different levels of English reading ability NIV - 7th grade, KJV 12th grade. Simplify material without harming its nature - a great teacher makes the complex appear simple. Sunday 7 November 2010
  20. 20. Secondly look at the degree of memorability - having made it easy to understand make it easy to memorise. Don’t expect students minds to memorise if there is no logical connection or relationship - prepare the facts for quick permanent entry into their mind - you will see this more in the maximisers section Sunday 7 November 2010
  21. 21. Stages 1-3 take place outside of the classroom. Now you come to transferring the truth - which is the goal of this law - enable your students to memorise by reviewing it where it is solidified into their minds as you practice it over and over again. Stage 4: Memorise Memorise Review Solidify Practice Sunday 7 November 2010
  22. 22. Good teaching is not about lots of new concepts. Christ in the Gospels is seen to review his main content repeatedly simply in different ways - e.g. a conversation then a parable followed by a miracle, all making the same point. The key to memorisation is review. Review is either, “The mother of all learning” or “the father of all boredom” Sunday 7 November 2010
  23. 23. 1. Review is the primary method by which people memorise 2. ...is effective only if the students understand the material 3. ...should be practiced in the same order and with the same words until the IR is fully memorised 4. ...should be most intense and frequent when the facts are first taught Principles for effective review Sunday 7 November 2010
  24. 24. 5. ...should be regularly practiced but spaced less frequently over time 6. ...should continue until all students demonstrate a mastery of the IR 7. ...should be done using a variety of methods Sunday 7 November 2010
  25. 25. This stage leads us from memorisation to application of material - now they have to develop independent proficiency, to have mastered the material. As masters they will retain the material and be skillful and proficient in their use of it. There are 4 parts to this: Stage 5: Master Master Retain Skillful Proficiency Sunday 7 November 2010
  26. 26. Students know the content so well it is stuck in their memory forever. This happens through regular review; resulting in recall not being a chore, it is always there. 1. Indelible memorisation Sunday 7 November 2010
  27. 27. Beyond surface meaning and understanding - understanding meaning and significance of facts. 2. In-depth comprehension Sunday 7 November 2010
  28. 28. When a class senses how the facts can be used beyond the immediate context. One person said, “Now we read books for answers, but we just don’t think” This is a move from knowledge to wisdom - you know the facts and can apply them in a real and useful way. 3. Intuitive integration Sunday 7 November 2010
  29. 29. When the teacher is not there and there is no external pressure - did the students use the content you taught them? Not did the student know it for a test but did it shape or change their lives? Did they change their behaviour as a result of the content? 4. Independent utilisation Sunday 7 November 2010
  30. 30. Wilkinson suggests you use class and homework to compliment each other, “as memorisation and comprehension of the facts should be a class function, integration and utilisation should be the primary focus of homework” Sunday 7 November 2010
  31. 31. Sunday 7 November 2010
  32. 32. The essence of the Law of Retention is in these three words: “master the minimum.” The teacher should enable all students to enjoy maximum mastery of the irreducible minimum Sunday 7 November 2010
  33. 33. Retention Maximizers Sunday 7 November 2010
  34. 34. Speed teaching enables speed learning. No matter how much the student desires to learn quickly and thoroughly in class the teacher holds the key to the process. How quickly does the teacher cause students to learn, How skillfully has the teacher prepared? Now we shall see the 7 methods Wilkinson says will double, treble or quadruple your speed. Sunday 7 November 2010
  35. 35. These methods are the primary means a teacher uses to make material memorable and easy for a student to memorise. They are God given ways that men of all cultures and times learn - because God has created man with universal patterns of thought and universal receptors of stimuli. Music is a common form of communicating content - built into us by God Sunday 7 November 2010
  36. 36. Music has been used in speed teaching across every age - the ABC song - nothing else compares with it because God put it in each of us. In fact God has put a number of universal patterns in each of us - 7 of which we shall learn. Additionally God has implanted in us universal receptors - our senses, physical ports through which we receive new information. Teachers have to interface through these, sight, smell, hearing etc. Sunday 7 November 2010
  37. 37. Most experiences blend different senses. We don’t describe the experience using our senses - but as a result of using those senses - “a terrible din” “a foul smell” “a beautiful person” Select sensory inputs wisely with students and learning can be memorable and accelerated learning takes place. Sunday 7 November 2010
  38. 38. Why do you take pictures and put them in an album or on facebook? Because they are an incredibly effective sensory lever into the memory. One picture can bring many vivid memories back into your mind. Maximiser 1: Represent the facts in a picture Sunday 7 November 2010
  39. 39. To be really effective develop one picture which links all of your content. Many different things are remembered by using pictures - Bible verses, speeches, shopping lists, cartoons... Sunday 7 November 2010
  40. 40. For many years stories were the paper upon which facts were written for the next generation - extended families gathered and listened to stories which would teach values, principles etc. for the future. Much of the Bible is written as a story - God chooses to reveal himself that way. Maximiser 2: Express the facts with a story Sunday 7 November 2010
  41. 41. Stories are very effective for passing on information in preaching, teaching and normal conversation. Often you might remember a story rather than the 3 points of a sermon! God created an inbuilt mechanism in man to tell and hear stories. Jesus used stories more than any other form of teaching - prodigal son, sower, good Samaritan... Sunday 7 November 2010
  42. 42. Easiest and most used of the 7. Maximiser 3: Transfer the facts by alphabet Sunday 7 November 2010
  43. 43. Popular uses of this method include: 1. Using all the same letter: Romans outlined using the letter S 1. Salutation 1:1-17 2. Sin 1:18 — 3:20 3. Salvation 3:21 — 5:11 4. Sanctification 5:12 — 6:23 5. Struggle 7 6. Spirit-filled living 8:1-27 7. Security 8:28-39 8. Segregation 9 — 11 9. Sacrifice & service 12, 13 10. Separation 14, 15 11. Salutation 16 Sunday 7 November 2010
  44. 44. 2. All the same last letters which rhyme: The doctrine of scripture; Inspiration Revelation Illumination Preservation This is called an acrostic Deuteronomy 25:11-12 If men get into a fight with one another, and the wife of one intervenes to rescue her husband from the grip of his opponent by reaching out and seizing his genitals, you shall cut off her hand; show no pity. (NRSV) Sunday 7 November 2010
  45. 45. 2. All the same last letters which rhyme: The doctrine of scripture; Inspiration Revelation Illumination Preservation This is called an acrostic Deuteronomy 25:11-12 If men get into a fight with one another, and the wife of one intervenes to rescue her husband from the grip of his opponent by reaching out and seizing his genitals, you shall cut off her hand; show no pity. (NRSV) Sunday 7 November 2010
  46. 46. 3. All the first letters form a word. The 7 Laws of the Learner Learner Expectation Application Retention Need Equipping Revival Sunday 7 November 2010
  47. 47. God used memory objects such as; the tabernacle, the ark, tablets of stone, a pile of stones and, memory actions like; the Lord’s Supper, OT feasts. We use flags, rings, memorials, statues Maximiser 4: Associate the facts with objects and actions Sunday 7 November 2010
  48. 48. Real life dramatic moments are very powerful - violence, passion, loss etc. - they can be ones we try to remember or forget. Biblically - the handwriting on the wall, the sheet from heaven, feeding 5000, cock crowing... Maximiser 5: Impress facts with drama Sunday 7 November 2010
  49. 49. This is useful for some information - it is limited and best for just one point - a person bringing a lamb and laying their hands on its head as it was slaughtered for their sin... Sunday 7 November 2010
  50. 50. People listen to music all the time - we pick up many songs, adverts, jingles through music. The book of Psalms Eph 5:18-19 Can you put a message to music for your students. Maximiser 6: Note the facts through music Sunday 7 November 2010
  51. 51. Very good for relationships, flow, direction etc. Maximiser 7: Summarise the facts with graphs and charts Sunday 7 November 2010
  52. 52. Sunday 7 November 2010
  53. 53. Sunday 7 November 2010
  54. 54. Sunday 7 November 2010
  55. 55. The essence of the Law of Retention is in these three words: “master the minimum.” The teacher should enable all students to enjoy maximum mastery of the irreducible minimum Sunday 7 November 2010
  56. 56. 1. Why do so few teachers boil down their content to the minimum? 2. How do you make cramming for exams most effective? Can you teach these techniques? 3. If retention is obtained through repetition - what can you do to help a students retention? List 20 ways you could use to review a subject. Questions Sunday 7 November 2010
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