GCSE

 PHYSICAL
EDUCATION




BONES & JOINTS
Bones

The Skeleton

What are the anatomical names for the following bones;

Shoulder Blade

Skull

Spine

Collar Bone

Th...
Anatomical Names


            Label the bones on the performers below;

                 (Use the Word Bank provided)



...
Types of Bones

       Types of Bones                       Examples

         Flat bones
     Irr         bones          ...
Joints

What is the definition of a joint?

Where ___________________________ meet.

The body has three different kinds of...
Movement of Joints

   Using the Word Bank provided, link the correct description to
                      the Movement Ty...
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  1. 1. GCSE PHYSICAL EDUCATION BONES & JOINTS
  2. 2. Bones The Skeleton What are the anatomical names for the following bones; Shoulder Blade Skull Spine Collar Bone Thigh Bone Fingers Functions of the Skeleton • Pr of the vital organs of the body • Su , to keep the body up right • Blood Pr . Some bones make red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets • Mo , your muscles pull on your bones when they contract which makes the bones move
  3. 3. Anatomical Names Label the bones on the performers below; (Use the Word Bank provided) Radius Word Bank Femur Tibia Fibula Humerus Ulna Tarsals Carpals Radius Phalanges Cranium Clavicle Sternum Pelvis Metacarpals Metatarsals
  4. 4. Types of Bones Types of Bones Examples Flat bones Irr bones Vertebrae L bones Sh bones The Vertebral Column Has three main functions; Support Pr____________ M____________ Label each part of the Vertebral Column; C_______ (7 Bones) Th______ (12 Bones) L_______ (5 Bones) S_______ (5 Bones) C_______ (4 Bones Fused Together)
  5. 5. Joints What is the definition of a joint? Where ___________________________ meet. The body has three different kinds of joints; Fixed or immovable joints, example - the skull ____________________, example – the vertebrae F____ M______ or Synovial joint, example – knee (hinge joint) Synovial Joints There are six types of Synovial Joints; Type of Synovial Joint Example Ball & S______ H_______ Knee Sa_______ Con_______ Gli________ P_______
  6. 6. Movement of Joints Using the Word Bank provided, link the correct description to the Movement Type Description Movement Type Bending or Flexing of a joint Movement away from midline of the body Movement whereby a body part is circled Extending or Straightening of a joint Movement whereby a body part is turned Movement towards the midline of the body Rotation Flexion Adduction Extension Abduction Circumduction Link the Movement Type to Sporting Actions; Movement Type Sporting Action Circumduction Bowling arm in Cricket Flexion Adduction Abduction Extension Rotation

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