Joints and sporting actions

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Joints and sporting actions

  1. 1. STARTER… <ul><li>List 10 bones of the skeleton. Start with the head and work down. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the labelled skeleton from last lesson and circle where you think there is a joint. </li></ul><ul><li>What is a joint? </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>WALT </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the 6 types of freely moveable joint. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide examples of sporting movements for each type of joint. </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the movement allowed at each joint. </li></ul><ul><li>WILF </li></ul><ul><li>Use of good terminology </li></ul><ul><li>Work to the best of your ability </li></ul><ul><li>Provide sporting examples. </li></ul>
  3. 3. PE HOME WORK (Last lesson) <ul><li>Complete the work sheet – identify the types of bones (long, short, flat, irregular) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Research question… </li></ul><ul><li>How does the skeleton provide movement? </li></ul><ul><li>What is a joint? </li></ul><ul><li>Types of joints? </li></ul><ul><li>Movement that occurs at each joint? </li></ul><ul><li>Hand in next lesson to be marked for assessment. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Condyloid
  5. 5. A JOINT <ul><li>“ A place where two or more bones meet.” </li></ul><ul><li>Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Flexion </li></ul><ul><li>Extension </li></ul><ul><li>Abduction </li></ul><ul><li>Adduction </li></ul><ul><li>Rotation </li></ul><ul><li>TASK: </li></ul><ul><li>What movement occurs at a ball and socket joint and a hinge joint. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide 3 sporting examples of the joints in action. </li></ul>
  6. 6. BALL AND SOCKET JOINT Examples Hip and Shoulder
  7. 7. BALL AND SOCKET <ul><li>Moves in all directions </li></ul><ul><li>Flexion, Extension </li></ul><ul><li>Abduction, Adduction </li></ul><ul><li>Rotation </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. Shoulder and hip </li></ul>
  8. 8. HINGE JOINT Examples = Elbow and knee
  9. 9. HINGE JOINT <ul><li>Only allows flexion and extension. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Movements at joints <ul><li>A task with the text books </li></ul><ul><li>1)You need to write a DEFINITION (in your own words) for the following movements at joints: </li></ul><ul><li>FLEXION / EXTENSION / ROTATION / ADDUCTION / ABDUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>2) You need to think of a sporting movement that uses this movement </li></ul><ul><li>Use p.32 </li></ul><ul><li>so … FLEXION </li></ul><ul><li>Definition … </li></ul><ul><li>Sporting movement … </li></ul>
  11. 11. Parts of a SYNOVIAL JOINT: <ul><li>Cartilage - this covers the end of a bone forming a tough layer to protect them and stop them rubbing together (friction) </li></ul><ul><li>Joint Capsule – this is joined to the bones and is a thick tissue that protects the joint </li></ul><ul><li>Synovial Membrane – this is a layer on the inside of the joint capsule that produces synovial fluid </li></ul><ul><li>Synovial Fluid – is inside the joint and lubricates the joint to stop friction </li></ul><ul><li>Ligament – Attaches bone to bone and keeps the bone in place. </li></ul>

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