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I Sem - Week 2 - The Body

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I Sem - Week 2 - The Body

  1. 1. THE BODY
  2. 2. The Body <ul><li>We are going to look at 2 different areas of the body: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Muscles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Names of major muscles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How they work </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What they are made of </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Names of major muscles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How they connect to each other </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What they are made of </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The Body
  4. 4. THE MUSCLES
  5. 5. Types of Muscles <ul><li>Skeletal Muscle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Muscles that we use to move </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For example the biceps </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Types of Muscles <ul><li>Smooth Muscle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internal muscles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For example in the stomach </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Types of Muscles <ul><li>Cardiac Muscle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Muscles that move regularly without thought </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For example muscles in the heart </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Muscles – Upper Body
  9. 9. Muscles – Upper Body
  10. 10. Muscles – Lower Body
  11. 11. Muscles – Lower Body
  12. 12. DELTOID PECTORALS BICEPS EXTERNAL OBLIQUES INTERNAL OBLIQUES RECTUS ABDOMINIS QUADRICEPS
  13. 13. TRAPEZIUS DELTOID RHOMBOIDS LATISSIMUS DORSI ERECTOR SPINAE FOREARM GLUTEUS MEDIUS GLUTEUS MAXIMUS HAMSTRINGS GASTROCNEMIUS SOLEUS
  14. 14. Damage to Muscles
  15. 15. THE BONES
  16. 16. Human Skeleton <ul><li>Human skeleton has 206 bones </li></ul><ul><li>Supports the muscles and allows movement </li></ul><ul><li>Protects the internal organs of the body </li></ul>
  17. 17. The Bones
  18. 18. Ligaments <ul><li>They attach bone to bone </li></ul><ul><li>Most common ligament damage is in the knee </li></ul>
  19. 19. Ligaments
  20. 20. Tendons <ul><li>Attach bone to muscle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very strong </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most common damage is Achilles Tendon </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Tendons
  22. 22. Cartilage <ul><li>Protects the bones when 2 bones are together </li></ul><ul><li>In the knee and in the spine </li></ul>
  23. 23. Cartilage
  24. 24. Types of Bones <ul><li>Long Bones </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Their shape is long </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bones of legs, arms, fingers, toes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Short Bones </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Their shape is shorter and usually cube-shaped </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bones of the wrists and ankles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flat Bones </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Their shape is thin and usually curved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bones of the skull </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Types of Bones <ul><li>Irregular Bones </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Their shape is thin and irregular </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bones of the spine and pelvis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sesamoid Bones </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These bones are surrounded by tendons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bones of the knee </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Types of Bones
  27. 27. Damage to Bones

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