Structure of US education• The U.S. educational system today comprises almost 96,000 public elementary and secondary schools, plus more than 4,200 institutions of higher learning, ranging from small, two-year community colleges to massive state universities with undergraduate and graduate programs in excess of 30,000 students.• Education in the United States is mainly provided by the public sector, with control and funding coming from three levels: federal, state, and local.
Typical age (at end of the schoolLevel/Grade year) PreschoolVarious optional programs, such as Head Start Under 6Pre-Kindergarten 4–5 Elementary schoolKindergarten 5–61st Grade 6–72nd Grade 7–83rd Grade 8–94th Grade 9–105th Grade 10–11 Middle school6th Grade 11–127th Grade 12–138th Grade 13–14 High school9th Grade 14–1510th Grade 15–1611th Grade 16–1712th Grade 17–18Post-secondary education Ages vary, but often 18–23 (five years to complete four years of schooling, referred to as Freshman, Sophomore,Tertiary education (College orUniversity) Junior and Senior years)Vocational education Ages vary
US Education Budget• ED currently administers a budget of $69.9 billion in discretionary (Available for use as needed or desired)appropriations under the FY 2011 Continuing Resolution annualized level and operates programs that touch on every area and level of education. The Departments elementary and secondary programs annually serve nearly 14,000 school districts and approximately 56 million students attending some 99,000 public schools and 34,000 private schools. Department programs also provide grant, loan, and work-study assistance to more than 15 million postsecondary students.
Public school• Public education constitutes the single largest expenditure for almost every U.S. city and county, which receive the bulk of their funding from local taxes. Local boards of education, most of which are elected, administer the nation’s nearly 15,500 school districts, ranging from small rural schools in states like Kansas and Nebraska to the New York City system, which educates more than a million children annually.• About 90 percent of the annual expenditures for education at all levels comes from state, local, and private sources.• This includes basic education, kindergarten to twelfth grade (K-12), also referred to as primary and secondary education, as well as post-secondary education / advanced education such as universities, colleges, and technical schools funded and overseen by government rather than private entities.
Private school• Private schools -many of these schools are run by churches and other religious organizations. Of the estimated 55.8 million children attending elementary and secondary schools during the 2007-2008 academic year, about 6 million, or 11 percent, were enrolled in private schools• funded in whole or in part by charging their students tuition, rather than relying on public (government) funding
District schools• In the United States, public schools are run by school districts, which are independent special-purpose governments, or dependent school systems, which are under the control of state or local government• A school district is a legally separate body corporate and politic. School districts are local governments with powers similar to that of a town or a county, except in Virginia, whose school divisions have no taxing authority and must depend on another local government (county, city, or town) for funding.• Its governing body, which is typically elected by direct popular vote but may be appointed by other governmental officials, is called a school board, board of trustees, board of education, school committee, or the like. This body appoints a superintendent, usually an experienced public school administrator, to function as the districts chief executive for carrying out day-to-day decisions and policy implementations.
County School• In the United States, a county is a geographic subdivision of a state ,usually assigned some governmental authority.• The average number of counties per state is 62. The state with the most counties is Texas, 254; the state with fewest is Delaware, only three.• As for the day-to-day operations of the county government, they are sometimes overseen by a county manager or chief administrative officer who reports to the board, the mayor, or both.
State Total Alabama 2899 Alaska 809 Arizona 3858 Arkansas 2282 California 18084 Colorado 3328 Connecticut 2328 Delaware 388District Of Columbia 392 Florida 6456 Georgia 4476 Hawaii 545 Idaho 1341 Illinois 8601 Indiana 3866 Iowa 2957 Kansas 2844 Kentucky 2819 Louisiana 2920 Maine 1383 Maryland 2767 Massachusetts 3730 Michigan 7630 Minnesota 4673 Mississippi 1973
Missouri 4632 Montana 1727 Nebraska 2512 Nevada 1093New Hampshire 947 New Jersey 4842 New Mexico 1599 New York 9109 North Dakota 1080 Ohio 7970 Oklahoma 3592 Oregon 2491 Pennsylvania 6411 Puerto Rico 2767 Rhode Island 675South Carolina 2309 South Dakota 1486 Vermont 738 Vermont 738 Texas 15354 Utah 1729 Virginia 3945 Washington 4293 West Virginia 1584 Wisconsin 4426 Wyoming 755
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