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Japan's Educational System

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Japan's educational system is clever that indeed made them placed fourth in the international science and math study in 2007,and many other achievements wherein they are competing globally.
Amidst these achievements in the said major subjects, Japan also gives emphasis and importance to what they really own; their language as part of their curriculum.
Above all of these, agencies both in public and private sectors made a big part in which they provided the needs and necessities in education.
By this, its quite obvious that Japan will continue reigning in the international education studies and also continue aiming the reality of their vision; to produce a globally-competitive individuals.

Published in: Education
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Japan's Educational System

  1. 1.  Predominantly staffed by young female junior college graduates and supervised by the Ministry of Education, but are not part of the official education system.  A well-developed system of government- supervised day-care centers (hoikuen) is supervised by the Ministry of Labor.
  2. 2.  All children enter first grade at age six.  Public elementary education is free.  Elementary school classes are large at about thirty-one students per class on average but higher numbers are permitted.  Students are usually organized into small work groups, which have both academic and disciplinary functions.
  3. 3.  The ministry’s course of study is composed of a wide variety of subjects, both academic and nonacademic, including moral education and special activities.  The standard academic curriculum include Japanese language, social studies, arithmetic, and science. Nonacademic subjects taught include art and handicrafts, music, physical education, and moral education.
  4. 4.  Elementary teachers are generally responsible for all subjects, and classes remain in one room for most activities. They have ample teaching materials and audiovisual equipment.  Elementary school children receive a full lunch at school.
  5. 5.  Instruction in junior high schools tends to rely on the lecture method.  Classes are large, with thirty-eight students per class on average.  The teacher rather than the students, moves to a new room for each fifty or forty-five minute period.  The school year begins in April and classes are held from Monday to either Friday or Saturday, depending on the school.
  6. 6.  The school year consists of two or three terms, which are separated by short holidays in spring and winter, and a six-week-long summer break.  Most students also participate in one of a range of school clubs that occupy them until around 6pm most weekdays (including weekends and often before school as well), as part of an effort to address juvenile delinquency.
  7. 7. LEARNING AREAS Academic Others - Mathematics - Industrial arts - Science - Homemaking - Languages - Moral Studies - Social Studies - Music - Fine Arts - Physical Education
  8. 8. Japan Philippines Languages (English & Japanese Languages) Languages (Mother Tongue, Filipino & English) Music, Fine Arts & Physical Education MAPEH (Music, Arts, Physical Education & Health) Social Studies Araling Panlipunan Science Science Moral Studies Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao Industrial Arts T.L.E. Homemaking
  9. 9.  The most common type of upper-secondary school has a full-time, general program that offered academic courses for students preparing for higher education as well as technical and vocational courses.  A small number of schools offer part-time programs, evening courses, or correspondence education.  Teachers specialize in their major fields although they teach a variety of courses within their disciplines.
  10. 10.  Teaching depends largely on the lecture system, with the main goal of covering the very demanding curriculum in the time allotted.  Approach and subject coverage tends to be uniform, at least in the public schools.  Training of disabled students, emphasizes vocational education to enable students to be as independent as possible within society.
  11. 11. LEARNING AREAS Academic Tech-Voc Courses (1st year) (2nd year-3rd year) - Mathematics - Information processing - Science - Navigation - Languages - Fish farming - Physical - Business Education - English
  12. 12.  In 2010, more than 2-8 students enrolled in Japan’s 778 universities.  At the top of the higher education structure, these institutions provide - 4 years training leading to bachelors degree - 6 years programs leading to a professional degree
  13. 13.  Two types of public 4 year colleges - the 86 national universities (including the open universities - 95 local public universities which are founded by prefectures and municipalities  The 597 remaining 4 year colleges in 2010 were private.
  14. 14.  Popular courses - social sciences - engineering - business - humanities - law - education - accounting  To help defray expenses, students frequently work part times or borrow money through the government supported Japan Scholarship Association, local government, non profit corporations and other institutions.
  15. 15.  The quality of universities and higher education in Japan is internationally recognized. There are 11 Japanese universities in the 2006 TNES-QS World University Rankings. Examples: University of Tokyo- 19th Kyoto University- 23th  In 2010 the QS ASIA University Rankings top 20 included eight Japanese universities like the University of Tokyo again.
  16. 16.  Out of the top 100 Asian universities in 2011’s Times Higher Education-QS World University Ratings, 33 were Japanese.  Mainly private institutions  Legacy of the occupation period  More than 90% of the students in junior colleges are women. Higher education for women is still largely perceived as preparation for marriage or for a short-term career before marriage. JUNIOR COLLEGES
  17. 17. JUNIOR COLLEGES SPECIAL TRAINING SCHOOLS  Junior colleges provide women with social credentials as well as education and some career opportunities.  These colleges frequently emphasize home economics, nursing, teaching, humanities, and social sciences in their curricula.  Advanced courses in vocational special training schools require upper secondary school completion.
  18. 18. SPECIAL TRAINING SCHOOLS  Offer training in specific skills such as: - computer science - vocational training - large number of men enrollees  Some students attend these schools in addition to attending university.  Others go to quality for technical licenses or professional certification.  The prestige of special training schools is lower than that of universities, but graduates, particularly in technical areas, are readily absorbed by the job market.
  19. 19. COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY  Most of these schools are national institutions established to train highly technicians in fire year programs in a number of fields, including the merchant marine.  About 10% of college graduates transfer to universities as third year students.  These colleges are unique in that they accept students after 3 years of secondary school (grade 9 in the North American system or 10 in the British system).
  20. 20. COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY  The five year program includes a general education at the beginning and then becomes highly specialized.  The Japanese Ministry of Education, culture, sports, science and technology indicated that the Colleges of Technology are leaders in the use of internships, with more than 90% of institutions offering this opportunity compared to 46% of universities and 24% of junior colleges.

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