Education in the USA

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Education in the USA

  1. 1. EDUCATION IN THE U.S.A.<br />AN OVERVIEW OF THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM<br />
  2. 2. The United States Educational System varies throughout the 50 states. Each state has a mandatory age for children to be enrolled in school. In New York State it is mandatory to attend school by 6 yrs old. In New York this is typically first grade depending upon your birthday. <br />
  3. 3. 0-3 yrs old= nursery school, preschool, day care (private school)<br />If the child is mentally or physically disabled there is usually govt assistance <br />
  4. 4. Elementary school( also known as grammar school) <br />3-4= prekindergarten (not all schools offer this program it is first come first serve) 5-6 first grade 6-7 second grade 7-8 third grade 8-9 4th grade 9-10 5th grade some elementary schools finish after grade 5 or grade 6 depends on the school <br />
  5. 5. Middle school/ Junior High school <br />10-11 6th grade <br />11-12 7th grade<br /> 12-13 8th grade <br />13-15 9th grade <br />Some junior highs give you the option to graduate after 8th or 9th grade to enter high school <br />
  6. 6. High School <br />15-16 10th grade<br /> 16-17 11th grade<br /> 17-18 12 th grade <br />Graduation is typically after grade 12. <br />
  7. 7. In NYS 3 types of H.S. diplomas are available<br />High School diploma= this is offered throughout all 50 states and is accepted at all universities and colleges <br />High School Regents Diploma= NYS is the only state that has strict state high school exams on a state level. All students must complete several exams in different content areas in order to earn this diploma.<br />High School Honors Regents Diploma =Students must earn high scores on these exams and have high grades in class throughout the 3 yrs in HS <br />GED= high school equivalency diploma (students who drop out of school or are expelled can earn this diploma through work study programs)<br />
  8. 8. University= College in the USA <br />The word University is an umbrella term for the higher level of education, however we use the 2 words interchangeably. <br />A University consists of many colleges. You can attend a university or a college an earn a degree. To enter into a University or college you must take college placement exams: <br />SAT= scholastic aptitude test (national level of standardized testing) SAT II- scholastic aptitude test for specific subject areas ACT= American College Testing (national level of standardized testing)<br />
  9. 9. If you are not attending an American HS in grade 11 or have not graduated from one and you would like to apply for a University or College students from abroad must take the TOEFL= Test of English as a Foreign Laguage<br />
  10. 10. Undergraduate College Degrees are offered at the completion of 2 or 4 yr programs .<br />There are 3 types of undergraduate degrees:<br />Associates Degree= 2 yr program (must be completed before attending a 4 yr program, typically attended by students who have a GED or who have performed poorly on the SAT or ACT) <br />Bachelors of Arts (BA) (communication, education, literature, history) <br />Bachelors of Science (BS)(biology, mathematics, physics, engineering) = 4 yr program <br />Bachelors of Fine Arts (BFA) (visual or performing arts) 4 yrs<br />A business degree as well. <br />A nursing degree is achieved through a special program at nursing school, as are other trades.<br />
  11. 11. Graduate School Degrees<br />Masters Degree=MA= 3 yrs typically <br />MBA= Masters of Business Administration. (typically 5 yrs combined undergraduate and graduate courses) <br />Advanced Academic Degree (Phd)= Doctorate Degree ( time frame varies depending upon field of study)<br />
  12. 12. additional vocabulary: <br />A very thorough glossary of educational terms can be found in the following website: <br />

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