SYSTEM IN JAPAN
The Japanese educational system was
reformed after World War II. The old system
6-5-3-3 was changed to 6-3-3-4
(6 years of elementary school, 3 years of
Junior high school, 3 years of Senior high
school and 4 years of university).
This system was implemented by the School
Education Law enacted in March 1947.
Ministry of Education – closely supervises
curriculum, textbooks, classes and
maintains a uniform level of education
throughout the country.
* Education is compulsory in elementary
and in lower secondary levels (Junior high
* Most schools operate on three-term
system ( summer-winter-spring).
* Schools open in April and ends in March
the next year which was modelled after the
French school system.
* Japanese students spend 240 days a year in
school, 60 days more than their American
counterparts(Johnson & Johnson,1996).
* Average school day on weekdays is 6
hours. After school hours, children have
drills and other homework to keep them
* Vacations are 6 weeks in summer and
about 2 weeks each for winter and spring.
* In public elementary and Junior high
schools, school lunch is provided on a
standardized menu and is eaten in the
* Junior high schools require their students
to wear school uniform.
•Japanese school system controls the
individual by observing group rules.
* Since preschool, children learn to maintain
cooperative relationship with their peers, to
follow the set school routines and to value
* In the elementary, one teacher teaches all
subjects in the class.
.* Students are taught proper manners, how
to speak politely, how to address adults and
to relate to their peers in the appropriate
•100% of all students complete elementary
school, more than 90% graduate from high
school & 40% graduate from college.
* In Junior high school, instruction is
intense, structured, fact-filled and routine-
* In higher education, students took entrance
exams to “ first tier universities”. Each academic
year has 2 semesters which starts in April.
* General degrees are four-year degrees adapted
from the American system.
* Despite the institutional change and sweeping
national reforms, the key problems remained
unresolved: the pyramidal- structure of the
university system and entrance exam wars, the
centrally-controlled curriculum and lack of
individuality of students as well as lack of
competitiveness in educational suppliers.
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